Antiphonary (Cistercian Use)

Medieval (Gothic)
14th century

Place of Manufacture: Europe, Germany


Overall (page dimensions): 27 x 23 cm (10 5/8 x 9 1/16 in.)

Accession Number


Medium or Technique

Tempera and ink on parchment

Not On View





One of two leaves from an antiphonary, a book containing the sung portions of the Divine Office (see also MFA 17.530), written at a German Cistercian abbey:

Office of the Dead (Cistercian use):
…dum non est qui redimat…/R. Credo quod redemptor meus…/R. Qui lazarum resuscitasti…/iio no. a. In loco pascue ibi…/a. Delicta viventutis mee…/a. Credo videre…/R. Heu michi domine…/…quid faciam miser…

1 column and 7 (of at least 8) staves; text in Latin. Bounding lines in red, doubled and full-length to upper and lower edges, writing lines in blind or light plummet, prickings preserved in outer margin for writing lines. Heightened square neumes on a four-line red staff, c- or f-clef.

Written in a Gothic script in black ink with red rubrics. Responsories begin with staff-high initial in black with red and white foliate infill, or vice versa. Antiphons and versicle initials are black stroked with red. Verso has one-staff-high initial, angel blowing a horn in the letter [C] (for “Credo quod…”), in purple and green wash.

The first three Responsories for the Office of the Dead are the Cistercian Use: “Credo quod redemptor”, “Qui Lazarum rescuscita,” and “Memento mei deus,” with the fourth also following the Cistercian pattern, “Heu michi domine quia.”


By 1913, Dr. Denman Waldo Ross (1853-1935), Cambridge, MA [see note 1]; 1917, gift of Dr. Denman Waldo Ross. (Accession date: February 15, 1917)

[1] From 1913 until it was accessioned, this manuscript was on loan to the MFA from Dr. Denman Waldo Ross.

Credit Line

Denman Waldo Ross Collection