Aphrodite (Capitoline type)

Roman
Imperial Period
2nd century A.D.


Place of Manufacture: Italy, Lazio

Catalogue Raisonné

Sculpture in Stone (MFA), no. 166; Sculpture in Stone and Bronze (MFA), p. 111 (additional published references).

Dimensions

Overall (Figure with steel pallet base): 152.4 x 43.3 x 30.2 cm (60 x 17 1/16 x 11 7/8 in.) Mount (Steel pedestal): 15.2 x 57.2 x 55.9 cm (6 x 22 1/2 x 22 in.) Weight (With steel pallet base): 196.86 kg (434 lb.) Framed (Steel pedestal): 66 x 57.2 x 55.9 cm, 41.28 kg (26 x 22 1/2 x 22 in., 91 lb.) Other (Wooden skirt): 82.6 x 63.8 x 62.9 cm (32 1/2 x 25 1/8 x 24 3/4 in.)

Accession Number

99.350

Medium or Technique

Marble probably from the Greek island of Paros

On View

Greek Archaic Gallery (Gallery 113)

Collections

The Ancient World

Classifications

Sculpture

The modern portions of the body have been removed, except for plaster filling some holes in the surface.
The statue was broken, restored, and then “de-restored,” and now includes the body, a part of the left upper arm, the left leg to below the knee, with a piece of the dolphin’s tail attached to it, and part of the right thigh.

Scientific Analysis:
Marble has been scientifically tested with X-Ray Diffraction and determined to be Calcitic.
Harvard Lab No. HI092: Isotope ratios - delta13C +1.80 / delta18O -3.66, Attribution - Probably Paros 2, Justification - white, coarse-grained marble.

Label text:
This Aphrodite exists in many replicas the best known of which is in the Capitoline Museum in Rome. She is a derivative of Praxiteles’ Aphrodite of Knidos, the most famous female nude of antiquity. She covers her nakedness more fully than the Knidian Aphrodite and has a fuller figure and looser, longer hair. The Capitoline type has been variously dated within the Hellenistic period, either early, because of her resemblance to the Knidian, or in the second century because of her baroque voluptuousness.

Provenance

By date unknown: from Gabii (according to Bernoulli, Aphrodite (1873), p. 230, no. 24); by 1845: in a collection in Rome; by 1873: in the Palazzo Valentini (according to Bernoulli); by date unknown: with Edward Perry Warren (according to Warren's records: Palazzo Valentini); 1899: purchased by MFA from Edward Perry Warren for $ 32,500.00 (this is the total price for MFA 99.338-99.542)

Credit Line

Henry Lillie Pierce Fund