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Bark cloth (maro)

early 20th century

Artist Unidentified, Pacific Islander


Dimensions

130 x 64 cm (51 x 25 in.)

Accession Number

1991.1076

Medium or Technique

Bark cloth, pigment

Not On View

Collections

Africa and Oceania , Textiles and Fashion Arts

Classifications

Textiles

Women in the Lake Sentani and Teluk Yos Sudarso areas traditionally produced maro, or cloths, from different kinds of bark, to which men applied earth pigment designs. Married women wore them as loin cloths, and maro were also displayed on mortuary structures. Additionally, Teluk Yos Sudarso area clans owned such cloths and draped them on the wall of men's houses. Their designs, some containing rows of nonfigural spirals, others incorporating fish, birds, and fauna, early attracted the admiration of Western visitors. Bark cloths are fragile, and few from this region in Euro-American collections pre-date the 1920s. In this freestyle painting of marine motifs on a tan background, which was probably part of a larger maro, the perspective seems to be from above, as though looking down into the water. A human figure grasps the tail of a central turtle-lizard creature, surrounded by a barbed sawfish and other fish. The circular forms with radiating lines suggest jellyfish. This cloth possibly was commissioned by Jacques Viot in 1929 from artists in the village of Tobati on Teluk Yos Sudarso.

Provenance

1929, collected in the Lake Sentani region of Indonesia by Jacques Viot (b. 1898 – d. 1973), Paris [see note]. André Lèfevre (d. 1963), Paris; December 13, 1965, posthumous Lèfevre sale, Hôtel Drouot, Paris, lot 145. 1983, sold by Wayne Heathcote (dealer), Darling Point, N.S.W., Australia, to William and Bertha Teel, Marblehead, MA; 1991, partial gift of William and Bertha Teel to the MFA; 2014, acquired fully with the bequest of William Teel to the MFA. (Accession Dates: January 22, 1992 and February 26, 2014) NOTE: Early provenance was provided by the dealer at the time of the Teels’ purchase.

Credit Line

Gift of William E. and Bertha L. Teel