Bifolium from a Book of Hours

South Netherlandish (Flanders)
Medieval (Gothic)
15th century

Place of Manufacture: South Netherlands, South Netherlands, Flanders


Overall (page dimensions, each leaf): 11.8 x 8.4 cm (4 5/8 x 3 5/16 in.)

Accession Number


Medium or Technique

Ink on parchment

Not On View





A bifolium (sheet of parchment folded in half to produce two leaves), from a Book of Hours containing text from the Office of the Virgin, Vespers and Compline (includes Ave Maria hymn).

1 column of 16 text lines in Flemish, writing lines in blind.

Written in a hurried Gothic bookhand in black ink with red rubrics. Two-line initial in red on f. 1 recto at the beginning of the Office.


By 1913, Denman W. Ross (1853-1935), Cambridge, MA [see note 1]; 1917, gift of Denman W. Ross. (Accession date: February 15, 1917)

[1] From September 30, 1913 until it was accessioned, this object was on loan to the MFA from Denman W. Ross.

Credit Line

Denman Waldo Ross Collection