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Bottle

Vase

French
mid-16th century


Country of Origin, for Customs, France, , Object Place

Dimensions

Overall: 22.4 x 7.7 cm (8 13/16 x 3 1/16 in.)

Accession Number

51.2473

Medium or Technique

Glass, colorless, slightly gray, blown, with enameled and gilded decoration

On View

Kunstkammer Gallery (Gallery 143)

Collections

Europe

Classifications

Glass

Enameled in blue, white, and red, and gilded. Enameled on the body, each in a separate compartment: a lady holding flowers, a white banderole above, with the inscription "TOVT POVR AMOVR"; a man holding a sword and torch (?), accompanied by a seated dog; and a white plaque, amid floral ornament, inscribed "QVI BIEN AYME / TARD OBBLIE." Foot enameled with ornament and beading.

Inscription

Inscribed in black enamel, on white banderoles: "TOVT POVR AMOVR [all for love]" and "QVI BIEN AYME TARD OBBLIE [who loves well forgets late, or remembers for a long time]".

Provenance

By 1866, Baron Anselm von Rothschild (b. 1803 - d. 1874), Vienna [see note 1]; by descent to his son, Baron Nathaniel von Rothschild (b. 1836 - d. 1905), Vienna; by descent to his nephew, Baron Alphonse Rothschild (b. 1878 - d. 1942), Vienna; 1938, seized by Nazi forces for the Führermuseum [see note 2]; collected by the Allies, released to the United States Forces in Austria, and returned to the Rothschild family [see note 3]; sold by the Rothschilds to Rosenberg and Stiebel, New York; 1951, sold by Rosenberg and Stiebel to the MFA for $600. (Accession Date: November 8, 1951) NOTES: [1] The vase was published by Franz Schestag, "Katalog der Kunstsammlung des Freiherrn Anselm von Rothschild in Wien" (Vienna, 1866), according to Hugh Tait, British Museum (letter to the MFA, March 1, 1995). [2] With the Anschluss, or annexation of Austria to Nazi Germany in March, 1938, the possessions of Alphonse de Rothschild were seized almost immediately. This vase appears in a Nazi-generated inventory of 1939 as no. AR (Alphonse Rothschild) 2473: "Flasche von Glas mit den ganzen Figuren eines Herrn und einer Dame, welch letztere ein Band mit der Inschrift, 'tout pour amour' hält, rückwärts eine Tafel mit Ornamentumrahmung und der Inschrift 'qui bien aime tard obulie' [sic] ausgeführt in pastosen, eingeschmolzenen Emailfarben mit Gold, französische Arbeit, End 16 Jhdt." Katalog beschlagnahmter Sammlungen, inbesondere der Rothschild-Sammlungen in Wien, Verlags-Nr. 4938, Staatsdruckerei Wien, 1939, Privatarchiv, reproduced in Sophie Lillie, "Was einmal war: Handbuch der enteigneten Kunstsammlungen Wiens" (Vienna, 2003), p. 1083, no. 2473. An annotation on the list indicates it was reserved for the Führermuseum, the art museum Adolf Hitler planned to build in his hometown of Linz, Austria. [3] Allied troops established collecting points where looted works of art could be identified for eventual restitution to their rightful owners. Objects from Alphonse Rothschild's collection were released to the United States Forces in Austria, the branch of the military responsible for returning art to its rightful owners. According to Rosenberg and Stiebel, this was purchased directly from Alphonse Rothschild's collection, indicating that it had been returned to the family.

Credit Line

Seth K. Sweetser Fund