Cither viol (converted from pardessus de viole)

1721
François Vaillan (French, active 1736–1783)


Object Place: Paris, France

Dimensions

Length 70.2 cm, width 19 cm (Length 27 5/8 in., width 7 1/2 in.)

Accession Number

17.1723

Medium or Technique

Maple, spruce

Not On View

Collections

Europe, Musical Instruments

Classifications

Chordophones

Deep model. Standard viol pattern. Flat back of maple. Belly of soft pine, slightly arched two C-holes. Ribs of maple. Neck of maple with a long peg-box ending in cittern-like head with inlaid square end. Finger- board of stained boxwood. Tail-piece affixed by a brass wire to the tail- pin. Ten strings; two lowest of brass wire strung singly; the remaining eight are of steel wire and strung in pairs, thus making a total of six ‘choirs.’ Ten ebony pegs. Movable bridge, ivory nut. Inside construction: corner fillets of small radius; cross strip 4.5 cm. wide and 2.5 mm. thick, glued to the back. Bass-bar and sound-post. Dark brown finish.

Inscription

Manuscript label: Francois vaillan / rue Debussy 1721 / a paris

Provenance

Francis W. Galpin (1858-1945), Hatfield Regis, England; 1916, sold by Francis W. Galpin to William Lindsey (1858-1922), Boston, Massachusetts; 1916, gift of William Lindsey, in memory of his daughter, Leslie Lindsey Mason, to the MFA. (Accession Date: October 5, 1916)

Credit Line

Leslie Lindsey Mason Collection