Crucifix

Russian
17th–18th century


Object Place: Europe, Russia

Dimensions

34.5 x 16 cm (13 9/16 x 6 5/16 in.)

Accession Number

09.431

Medium or Technique

Metal; brass

Not On View

Collections

Europe

Classifications

Ecclesiastical ornaments

Brass or bronze with dark blue and white enamel on the background. The cross had double arms; five panels around the upper part representing (a) The Resurrection with Sclavonic inscription - Lord Sabbaoth; (b) The Entry into Jerusalem; (c) The Assumption; (d) The Presentation in the Temple; (e) Supper at Emmaus. Below the long arms are two panels of figures with their names above, representing - (f) Virgin Mary; (g) Mary?; (h) Holy John; (i) Longinus. Above the figure of Christ is a representation of the Father, dove and two angels, and the inscription - (j) Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews, at either side of his head; (k) The Crucifixion of Our Lord Jesus Christ. On the lower part of the long arms - (m) We bow before your cross; (n) We glorify your resurrection. On the upper corners of the long arms are the sun and moon. Below the feet of Christ, a scull; and on either side of the second cross to which he is nailed are the spear and sponge on a rod. A half circle of angels’ heads surround the top. On the back is a long inscription beginning - Christ, the Savior of the whole universe; Christ, the Beauty of the Church; Christ, a Power to the King; Christ, a Confirmation to the Faithful; Christ, a Glory to the Angels; Christ a Plague to the devils, (see 09.436) and continues- Says the Lord, but I suffered waiting for your contrition and for you to turn to me from your evils. For before my terrible Day of Judgment, I have shown you many ways of salvation; and I have loved you well; and for your sake I have entered into flesh etc. etc.

Possibly application to a book binding.

Provenance

1909, gift of Chandler & Co through Charles F. Bacon to the MFA.

Credit Line

Gift of Chandler and Co.