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Cup with inverted rim

Nubian
Late Napatan Period
362–342 B.C.


Findspot: Nubia (Sudan), el-Kurru, Pyramid 1 (unknown king), SW foundation deposit

Dimensions

Overall: 4.7 x 4 cm (1 7/8 x 1 9/16 in.)

Accession Number

20.4362

Medium or Technique

Pottery

Not On View

Collections

The Ancient World

Classifications

Foundation deposits

This small cup has the proportions of a miniature squat shouldered jar. Convex sides bulge outward from the base and then curve inward to a slightly constricted, but still wide mouth. The inverted rim is unworked.

Very small vessels such as this cup are common in grave, tomb, and temple contexts where they could be presented with offerings or as model offerings in and of themselves. They are thus often called “model vessels.” They are most often made of medium to coarse grades of clay, and shaping is often poor and irregular. Frequent irregularities or asymmetry in shaping reflect fast work and mass production. Knife-cut or cord-cut bases are common, though rounded bases occur as well. Some are simply twisted or pinched off at the base, leaving an awkward base that does not allow the cup to stand upright on its own.

Provenance

From el-Kurru, Ku. 1 (tomb of an unknown king), SW foundation deposit. 1919: excavated by the Harvard University–Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition; assigned to the MFA in the division of finds by the government of the Sudan.

(Accession Date: August 18, 2006)

Credit Line

Harvard University—Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition