Drinking cup (kylix) depicting Peirithoös and the birth of Helen

Greek
Classical Period
about 430–425 B.C.
Painter the Xenotimos Painter, Potter Xenotimos


Place of Manufacture: Greece, Attica, Athens

Catalogue Raisonné

Caskey-Beazley, Attic Vase Paintings (MFA), no. 163.

Dimensions

Height: 5.5 cm (2 3/16 in.); diameter 16.5 cm (6 1/2 in.)

Accession Number

99.539

Medium or Technique

Ceramic, Red Figure

On View

Greek Archaic Gallery (Gallery 113)

Collections

The Ancient World

Classifications

Vessels

Interior: Peirithoös, the king of the Lapiths, seated. He is dressed as a traveler, with a long-brimmed hat (petasos) and short cloak. Greek inscription at right (PERITHOS).

Exterior side A: The birth of Helen, framed on either side by a palmette. Klytemnestra (Greek inscription ‘Klytemestra’ to the right of her head) and and her father Tyndareos (Greek inscription ‘Tendareos’ to the right of his head) stand to the left of an altar with an egg and bird on it. Leda stands to the right of the altar, with open arms (Greek inscription ‘Leda’ to the right of her head).

Exterior side B: Three women framed on either side by a palmette. The inscription ‘Kleopatra’ appears to the right of the woman on the left, and the inscription ‘Phylonoe’ to the right of the central woman’s head. Signature of the potter to the right of the woman at right, ‘XENOTIMOS EPOIESEN’ (Xenotimos made it). The words Xenotimos and epoiesen on two separate lines.

In Greek mythology, Phylonoe was a daughter of Tyndareos.

Inscription

Interior:

ΠΕΡΙΘΟΣ

Exterior Side A (LàR)

ΚΛΥΤΑΙΜΕΣΤΡΑ

ΤΕVΔΑΡΕΩΣ

ΛΕΔΑ

Exterior Side B (LàR)

ΦΥΛΟΝΟΕ

ΚΛΕΟ[Π]Α[Τ]ΡΑ

ΞΕΝΟΤΙΜΟΣ ΕΠΟΙΕΣΕΝ

Signed

Xenotimos made it

Provenance

By 1888: Van Branteghem Collection; by 1892: Hotel Drouot sale of the van Branteghem Collection, Paris, May 31 and June 1, lot 84 (said to have been found at Sorrento); by 1899: with E. P. Warren (according to Warren's records: last in Tyszkiewicz collection but not bought at the sale); purchased by MFA from E. P. Warren, 1899, for $ 32,500.00 (this is the total price for MFA 99.338-99.542)

Credit Line

Henry Lillie Pierce Fund