Drinking cup (skyphos) showing an athlete with a wreath

Greek, South Italian
Late Classical Period
about 340–330 B.C.
Errera Painter


Place of Manufacture: Italy, Campania

Catalogue Raisonné

Vase-Painting in Italy (MFA), no. 084.

Dimensions

Overall: 14.2cm (5 9/16in.) Diameter: 14.2cm (5 9/16in.)

Accession Number

03.822

Medium or Technique

Ceramic, Red Figure

Not On View

Collections

Europe, The Ancient World

Classifications

Vessels

This victorious athlete, an inhabitant of southern Italy, is shown wearing shorts or a loincloth. A proper Greek athlete would have been represented nude, but this custom was not universally adopted outside of Greece, and this athlete probably was a native Italian, perhaps an Oscan.
Side A: Youth wearing white, apicate fillet, a loincloth edged with yellow dots, shoes and a yellow belt stands to the left, his right foot on a rock. With his right hand he holds out a white fillet and with his left a white wreath with yellow ends and central band. The belt and loincloth suggest that he is a native Italian.
Side B: A white-skinned woman wearing a peplos and yellow bracelets and shoes stands to the left. A belt of yellow beads circles her waist. Her hair is tied up with a white fillet with trailing yellow ends. She holds a white wreath with yellow ends and central band in her extended right hand and rests her left hand on her hip.

ITALIAN VASE PAINTING in ITALY, #84 (03.822)
Skyphos
Attributed to the Errera Painter
about 340-330 B.C.

A: A youth wearing a white, apicate fillet, a loincloth edged with yellow dots, shoes, and a yellow belt stands to the left, his right foot on a rock. With his right hand he holds out a white fillet and with his left a white wreath with yellow ends and central band. The belt and loincloth suggest that he is a native Italian; compare the warrior on the painter’s neck-amphora in Brussels (A 3550: Trendall, LCS, p. 322, no. 704, pl. 126).
B: A white-skinned woman wearing a peplos and yellow bracelets and shoes stands to the left. A belt of yellow beads circles her waist. Her hair is tied up with a white fillet with trailing yellow ends. She holds a white wreath with yellow ends and central band in her extended right hand and rests her left hand on her hip.
A band of egg-pattern circles the rim. Large flowers flank both figures, and there are large palmettes under the handles. The circling groundline consists of two parallel stripes.
The Errera Painter worked in Capua in the third quarter of the century in a workshop that included the Laghetto Painter, the Caivano Painter, and the Painter of B.M. F 63, to whom he is particularly close in style. The beaded belt and plump white wreaths were among his favorite motifs. His women are often painted white.

Provenance

By 1903: with Edward Perry Warren (according to Warren's records: The following objects [MFA 03.805-03.833, 03.836-03.837, 03.906] were found in one cemetery in Campania.); purchased by MFA from Edward Perry Warren, March 24, 1903

Credit Line

Francis Bartlett Donation of 1900