Funerary cone of Amenemhat

Egyptian
Third Intermediate Period to Late Period, Dynasty 21–30
1070–332 B.C.


Catalogue Raisonné

Davies & MacAdam 395

Dimensions

Height x diameter: 3.1 x 7.9 cm (1 1/4 x 3 1/8 in.)

Accession Number

72.1796

Medium or Technique

Pottery

Not On View

Collections

The Ancient World

Classifications

Architectural elements

Funerary cone fragment of reddish clay with tapering cone element broken off and missing; traces of light priming. Circular stamp on head with four horizontal registers of raised hieroglyphic text identifying owner.

Translation of text:
“Osiris Overseer of Scribes, Overseer of Household Goods
Amenemhat, True-of-Voice, son(?) of the Chamberlain(?)
Amenirdis, True-of-Voice and his mother, Lady of the House Djed-
mutesankh, True-of-Voice. May he rise at
dawn like the god everyday.

Transliteration:
Wsir imy-r sS(w) imy-r imy(w)t-pr
Imn-m-HAt mAa xrw sA(?) imy-xnt (?)
Imn-ir-di-s mAa xrw mwt.f nb.t-pr Dd-
Mwt.s-anx mAa xrw dwA.f-nTr m
dwAyt my nTr ra nb

Funerary cones were components of a frieze, inserted above the doors of private tombs, particularly in the Theban region. They have been variously interpreted as: name-plates of sorts to identify the tomb owner, decorative memorials, boundary markers for a tomb, dummy bread loaves or meat offerings, symbolic roof beams, or (for the visible circular head) depictions of the sun disk.

Davies and Macadam, A Corpus of Inscribed Egyptian Funerary Cones (1957), type #395.

Provenance

By 1836: Robert Hay Collection, Linplum, Scotland; 1863: to his son, Robert James Alexander Hay; 1868-1872: Way Collection, Boston (purchased by Samuel A. Way through London dealers Rollin and Feuardent, 27 Haymarket); 1872: given to the MFA by Samuel's son, C. Granville Way.
(Accession date: June 28, 1872)

Credit Line

Hay Collection—Gift of C. Granville Way