Funerary cone of Amenemhat and Sat-Amen

Egyptian
New Kingdom, Dynasty 18
1550–1295 B.C.


Object Place: Egypt, Thebes (Dra Abu el-Naga), Possibly tomb A.1

Catalogue Raisonné

Davies & MacAdam 110

Dimensions

Height x diameter: 5 x 6.3 cm (1 15/16 x 2 1/2 in.)

Accession Number

72.1800

Medium or Technique

Pottery

Not On View

Collections

The Ancient World

Classifications

Architectural elements

Funerary cone fragment of buff clay with majority of tapering cone end broken off and missing; traces of red paint. Circular stamp on head with raised hieroglyphic text in four columns identifying the owner.

Translation of text:
“Ka-priest
Amenemhat
(and) his wife, Lady of the House Sat-Amen,
True-of-Voice with the great god.”

Transliteration:
Hm-kAy
Imn-m-HAt
Hm.f nbt-pr SA.t-Imn
mAa.t xrw xr nTr aA

Funerary cones were components of a frieze, inserted above the doors of private tombs, particularly in the Theban region. They have been variously interpreted as: name-plates of sorts to identify the tomb owner, decorative memorials, boundary markers for a tomb, dummy bread loaves or meat offerings, symbolic roof beams, or (for the visible circular head) depictions of the sun disk.

For other examples of this tomb owner see: Res.72.302; Res.72.303; Res.72.305; Res.72.280; 72.1782; 72.1807; 72.1809.

Davies and Macadam, A Corpus of Inscribed Egyptian Funerary Cones (1957), type #110.

Provenance

Probably from Thebes (Dra Abu el-Naga), possibly tomb A.1. By 1836: Robert Hay Collection, Linplum, Scotland; 1863: to his son, Robert James Alexander Hay; 1868-1872: Way Collection, Boston (purchased by Samuel A. Way through London dealers Rollin and Feuardent, 27 Haymarket); 1872: given to the MFA by Samuel's son, C. Granville Way.
(Accession date: June 28, 1872)

Credit Line

Hay Collection—Gift of C. Granville Way