Funerary cone of Amenemhat and Sat-Amen

Egyptian
New Kingdom, Dynasty 18–20
1550–1070 B.C.


Object Place: Egypt, Thebes (Dra Abu el-Naga), Possibly tomb A.1

Catalogue Raisonné

Davies & MacAdam 110

Dimensions

Height x diameter: 5 x 6.6 cm (1 15/16 x 2 5/8 in.)

Accession Number

72.1809

Medium or Technique

Pottery

Not On View

Collections

The Ancient World

Classifications

Architectural elements

Funerary cone fragment of reddish clay, tapering cone element sawed off and missing; traces of white priming and red paint. Head bears circular stamp with hieroglyphic text arranged in four divided columns. Intact.

Translation of text:
“Ka-priest
Amenemhat
(and) his wife, Lady of the House Sat-Amen,
True-of-Voice with the great god.”

Transliteration:
Hm-kAy
Imn-m-HAt
Hm.f nbt-pr SA.t-Imn
mAa.t xrw xr nTr aA

Funerary cones were components of a frieze, inserted above the doors of private tombs, particularly in the Theban region. They have been variously interpreted as: name-plates of sorts to identify the tomb owner, decorative memorials, boundary markers for a tomb, dummy bread loaves or meat offerings, symbolic roof beams, or (for the visible circular head) depictions of the sun disk.

For other examples of this tomb owner see: Res.72.302; Res.72.303; Res.72.305; Res.72.280; 72.1782; 72.1800, 72.1807.

Davies and Macadam, A Corpus of Inscribed Egyptian Funerary Cones (1957), type #110.

Provenance

Probably from Thebes (Dra Abu el-Naga), possibly tomb A.1. By 1836: Robert Hay Collection, Linplum, Scotland; 1863: to his son, Robert James Alexander Hay; 1868-1872: Way Collection, Boston (purchased by Samuel A. Way through London dealers Rollin and Feuardent, 27 Haymarket); 1872: given to the MFA by Samuel's son, C. Granville Way.
(Accession date: June 28, 1872)

Credit Line

Hay Collection—Gift of C. Granville Way