Funerary cone of Merymaat and Maya

Egyptian
New Kingdom, Dynasty 18–20
1550–1070 B.C.


Catalogue Raisonné

Davies & MacAdam 11

Dimensions

Height x diameter: 15 x 6.5 cm (5 7/8 x 2 9/16 in.)

Accession Number

RES.72.278

Medium or Technique

Pottery

Not On View

Collections

The Ancient World

Classifications

Architectural elements

Funerary cone of reddish clay with tapering cone element largely intact. Head end carries a stamp with five divided columns of hieroglyphic text which identifies the owner. Slightly battered along left edge of the impressed text. Remnant red wash on head end.

The text reads:

“Honored one
before Osiris, Wab-priest of Maat
Merymaat, True-of-Voice
in the necropolis (and) his sister, his beloved, Lady of the House
Maya, True-of-Voice”

Transliteration:

imAxy
xr Wsir wab n MAat
Mry-MAat mAa xrw
m Xrt-nTr snt.f mrt.f nbt-pr
MaiA mAat xrw

Funerary cones were components of a frieze, inserted above the doors of private tombs, particularly in the Theban region. They have been variously interpreted as: name-plates of sorts to identify the tomb owner, decorative memorials, boundary markers for a tomb, dummy bread loaves or meat offerings, symbolic roof beams, or (for the visible circular head) depictions of the sun disk.

Davies and Macadam, A Corpus of Inscribed Egyptian Funerary Cones (1957), type #11.

Provenance

By 1836: Robert Hay Collection, Linplum, Scotland; 1863: to his son, Robert James Alexander Hay; 1868-1872: Way Collection, Boston (purchased by Samuel A. Way through London dealers Rollin and Feuardent, 27 Haymarket); 1872: given to the MFA by Samuel's son, C. Granville Way.
(Accession Date: June 28, 1872)

Credit Line

Hay Collection—Gift of C. Granville Way