Funerary cone of Montuemhat

Egyptian
New Kingdom, Dynasty 18–20
1550–1070 B.C.


Catalogue Raisonné

Davies & MacAdam 449

Dimensions

Length x diameter: 15 x 7.5 cm (5 7/8 x 2 15/16 in.)

Accession Number

RES.72.285

Medium or Technique

Pottery

Not On View

Collections

The Ancient World

Classifications

Architectural elements

Funerary cone of reddish clay with tapering cone element largely intact. Circular stamp on head end with hieroglyphic text arranged in four divided rows, identifying the owner. Small fragments broken from head.

Translation of text:

” Prince, Mayor,
Royal Seal-bearer, Sole Companion, Fourth God’s Prophet
of Amen, Mayor of the City (i.e. Thebes)
Montuemhat, True-of-Voice”

Transliteration:

rpa.t HAty-a
xtmty-bity(/sDAwty-bity) smr-wat(y) Hm-nTr
4-nw Imn HAty-a n Niwt
MnT(w)-m-HAt mAa xrw

Funerary cones were components of a frieze, inserted above the doors of private tombs, particularly in the Theban region. They have been variously interpreted as: name-plates of sorts to identify the tomb owner, decorative memorials, boundary markers for a tomb, dummy bread loaves or meat offerings, symbolic roof beams, or (for the visible circular head) depictions of the sun disk.

Davies and Macadam, A Corpus of Inscribed Egyptian Funerary Cones (1957), type #449

Provenance

By 1836: Robert Hay Collection, Linplum, Scotland; 1863: to his son, Robert James Alexander Hay; 1868-1872: Way Collection, Boston (purchased by Samuel A. Way through London dealers Rollin and Feuardent, 27 Haymarket); 1872: given to the MFA by Samuel's son, C. Granville Way.
(Accession Date: June 18, 1872)

Credit Line

Hay Collection—Gift of C. Granville Way