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Funerary monument of Aththaia, daughter of Malchos

Palmyrene
A.D. 150–200


Place of Manufacture, Palmyra, Syria

Catalogue Raisonné

Sculpture in Stone (MFA), no. 401; Sculpture in Stone and Bronze (MFA), p. 116-117 (additional published references); Highlights: Classical Art (2008), p. 106.

Dimensions

Height: 55 cm (21 5/8 in.); width: 42 cm (16 9/16 in.)

Accession Number

22.659

Medium or Technique

Limestone

On View

Anne and Blake Ireland Gallery (Gallery 210A)

Collections

The Ancient World

Classifications

Sculpture

An elaborate Palmyrene grave relief with a Greek inscription "Aththaia, daughter of Malchos, Happy One, Farewell." She wears a full tunic and a long himation (a cloak-like garment) which goes twice around her body and covers her head as a veil. Beneath this is a cloth headdress, an engraved diadem, and strings of jewels in her hair, which is looped back at the sides of her head to reveal pierced earlobes and elaborate pendant earrings. She also wears two necklaces, the outer one of gold chain with a sun-and-crescent pendant, two bracelets, three rings, and a large, circular brooch with three pendants hanging on her left breast. Her right hand is raised to her veil in a standard gesture for representations of women in Palmyrene funerary relief portraits; it may, as in Roman art, signal feminine modesty. Her left hand, supported by the sling of her himation, clasps a loop of fabric from her garment.

Although the Greek inscription betrays her Hellenic affinities, her face and the details of carving are thoroughly Eastern. The incised relief line of the eyebrows and the rubbery folds of the neck foreshadow Graeco-Buddhist sculpture in northern and northwestern India, and central Asia. The carving of the chiton (tunic) and himation is expertly handled, but the number of tight, zigzag folds also foreshadows Late Antique and Byzantine art.

The preservation is excellent, the surfaces being almost totally free of deterioration or deposit.

Provenance

By December 1909: said to have been in commerce in Beyrouth; by date unknown: Miss Amy Curtis Collection; August 24, 1922: purchased from Miss Amy Curtis by MFA with funds provided by Edward Perry Warren

Credit Line

Museum purchase with funds donated by Edward Perry Warren in memory of his sister