Head of Zeus-Ammon

Roman
Imperial Period, Hadrianic to Antonine
about A.D. 120–150 (after a Greek prototype)


Catalogue Raisonné

Sculpture in Stone (MFA), no. 140; Sculpture in Stone and Bronze (MFA), p. 111 (additional published references).

Dimensions

Height: 31 cm (12 3/16 in.)

Accession Number

59.715

Medium or Technique

Marble from Mt. Pentelikon near Athens

Not On View

Collections

The Ancient World

Classifications

Sculpture

This head is a full-sized copy of a work created in the style of the Greek Sculptor Pheidias in the fifth century B.C. The turn of the head has been imparted by the copyist, who otherwise has merely toned down the Athenian High Classical gravity of the prototype.
Much of the horns and all of the ram’s ears are missing. The back of the head appears to have been made separately and cemented on. Nose and locks are worn, chipped, and weathered. Cement, from reuse as building material, is evident here and there.

Scientific Analysis:
Harvard Lab No. HI761: Isotope ratios - delta13C +2.81 / delta18O -6.37, Attribution - Pentelikon, Justification - Fine grained marble.

Provenance

By date unknown: Sir Robert Mond Collection; by date unknown: Lord Nathan Collection, Churt House, Rotherfield, Crowborough, Sussex (Christie's auction of Lord Nathan Collection, July 14, 1959, lot 125); purchased at Christie's auction of Lord Nathan Collection by Cornelius C. Vermeule III on behalf of MFA; purchased by MFA from Cornelius C. Vermeule III, November 12, 1959, for $ 250.00

Credit Line

Gift of Edward Perry Warren, by exchange