Ivory inlay of Taweret

Nubian
Classic Kerma
about 1700–1550 B.C.


Findspot: Nubia (Sudan), Kerma, K309

Dimensions

Height x width x depth: 12.3 x 4.2 x 0.2 cm (4 13/16 x 1 5/8 x 1/16 in.)

Accession Number

20.1644

Medium or Technique

Ivory

Not On View

Collections

The Ancient World

Classifications

Furniture

This ivory inlay would once have belonged to a wooden fixture such as a funerary bed. It depicts the goddess Taweret, facing left and holding a knife in front of her, wearing a slightly flaring skirt with pleats. Irregularly incised lines and notches add details including the mouth, paw, eye and at least one (possibly two intended) exaggerated, pendulous breast, and both pleats and tie of the skirt. The arm is broken and mended. The inlay is broken roughly in half vertically. A small fragment is missing from the skirt, and the lower section of the feet are missing. The surface of the ivory shows many light scratches.

Taweret (literally: “the great one”) was an especially popular goddess in the domestic sphere throughout pharaonic times. She was conceived as having the body and head of a pregnant hippo, paws of a lion, and back/tail of a crocodile. She was considered a protective deity especially for expecting and birthing mothers as well as young children. Her images appear on many household fixtures such as beds, chairs, and headrests, all of which can also be found as funerary items. She became known outside of Egypt as well, appearing in Nubia (as with this object) and Crete.

Provenance

From Kerma, tomb K309. December 1913: excavated by the Harvard University–Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition; assigned to the MFA in the division of finds by the government of Sudan.
(Accession Date: March 1, 1920)

Credit Line

Harvard University—Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition