Mask (soko muntu)

African, Hemba peoples, Democratic Republic of the Congo
20th century
Artist Unidentified


Dimensions

18.41 cm (7 1/4 in.) h x 5.75 in. w x 2.5 in. d

Accession Number

1992.407

Medium or Technique

Wood

Not On View

Collections

Africa and Oceania, Contemporary Art

Classifications

Masks

Following a long mourning period, Hemba funeral rites marked the settlement of inheritances and the celebration of restored social balance. This mask, of a type known as soko mutu, was worn at such rites on the forehead or waist of a costumed performer. At other times it would be kept in a dwelling as a protective device. The combination of chimpanzee and human features alludes to other parallel and contrasting realms; the civilized and the untamed, the living and the dead. More humanized than many such works, the wide, threatening mouth is here balanced by the curving lines of brows and eyes.

Provenance

Emile Deletaille (dealer), Brussels. November, 1982, sold by Michael Oliver, Inc., New York to William and Bertha Teel, Marblehead, MA; 1992, partial gift of William and Bertha Teel to the MFA; 2014, acquired fully with the bequest of William Teel to the MFA. (Accession Dates: June 30, 1992 and February 26, 2014)

Credit Line

Gift of William E. and Bertha L. Teel