Miniature shawabty figure
Findspot: Egypt, Giza, Ave. 3, black debris
Overall: 10.4 x 7.2 cm (4 1/8 x 2 13/16 in.)
Medium or Technique
Not On View
One of a group of five miniature shawabty figures. For the other four, see 25.3021.
An ancient Egyptian shawabty is a funerary figurine that was intended to magically animate in the Afterlife in order to act as a proxy for the deceased when called upon to tend to field labor or other tasks. This expressed purpose was sometimes written on the shawabty itself in the form of a “Shawabty Spell,” of which versions of various lengths are known. Shorter shawabty inscriptions could also just identify the deceased by name and, when applicable, title(s). However, many shawabtys carry no text at all. The ideal number of such figurines to include in a tomb or burial seems to have varied during different time periods.
From Egypt, Giza, Ave. 3, black debris.1925: excavated by the Harvard University–Museum of Fine Arts Expedition; assigned to the MFA in the division of finds by the government of Egypt.
Harvard University—Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition