late 5th century B.C.
Sculpture in Stone (MFA), no. 042; Sculpture in Stone and Bronze (MFA), p. 107 (additional published references).
Overall: 67 x 78 x 39 cm, 330 kg (26 3/8 x 30 11/16 x 15 3/8 in., 727.52 lb.) Mount (black marble base): 13 x 39 x 74 cm (5 1/8 x 15 3/8 x 29 1/8 in.) Case (Painted wooden pedestal): 86 x 49.5 x 85.4 cm (33 7/8 x 19 1/2 x 33 5/8 in.)
Medium or Technique
Marble probably from the Greek island of Paros
Not On View
This fragment from a pedimental or votive group represents a combat between an Amazon and a Greek. The rider wears a short chiton, high boots, and a chlamys, one end visible on her left side. Only the left forearm of her fallen opponent remains, wrapped in the folds of a mantle and held against the left side of the horse’s belly, accounting for the reworking of the surface there. The figure filled a vacant space and supplied the necessary support for horse and rider.
The Amazon was raising her spear or battle-axe to attack a second adversary advancing on foot. The front of the horse is turned slightly to the left in order to give space for this figure. The group appears to be designed to be seen only from the right side. Left hand and bronze reins were shown on the right side of the horse’s neck. Bronze ornaments on the right boot were omitted on the left. The right side is superior in design and execution and has more weathering. The two holes in the left side can only have been made for metal bars connecting the statue to a wall.
Missing: the body of the rider down to the hips, and the lower parts of both her legs; the head, neck, legs, and tail of the horse; the fallen opponent except the left upper arm and hand. The left foreleg and the tail of the horse were made separately and attached. On the horse’s belly a space about 0.07m. in diameter has been reworked. In the crupper of the horse, on the left side, is a hole about 0.03m.square, partially filled with lead. Another hole, 0.05m. square, 0.065m. deep, is cut obliquely into the rider’s left thigh and the adjoining shoulder of the horse. Across the palm of the Amazon’s left hand are the remains of the two cylindrical holes that held the ends of the bronze reins. Two holes in the front of the endromis on her right leg were for the insertion of bronze ornaments. On the right side the lower edge of the Amazon’s chiton is injured, and its surface is somewhat corroded. The surfaces have been chipped and dented; they are stained yellow-brown from the remains of root marks.
Harvard Lab No. HI719: Isotope ratios - delta13C +5.19 / delta18O -4.13, Attribution - Paros 1, Justification - Medium to coarse grained marble.
By 1903: with Edward Perry Warren (according to Warren's records: Bought in Rome); purchased by MFA from Edward Perry Warren, March 24,1903
Francis Bartlett Donation of 1900