Parfleche envelope

Native American (Sioux: Teton Western Division)
about 1860–80

Object Place: South Dakota, United States, Plains


5.08 x 34.92 cm (2 x 13 3/4 in.)

Accession Number


Medium or Technique

Bison rawhide, pigment

On View

Native North America Gallery (Gallery LG34)




Personal accessories

Pale hide ground. Appears to be a long rectangle folded to be secured in the center of the front, where it is tied with three leather thongs. Painting is composed of four rectangular passages with elongated red diamonds. White diamonds surrounds red, blue ground with two red bars at each end completes rectangle. Four passages are borded by a wide predominately mustard band, striped on each side by narrow red band. White triangle surrounded by blue triangle interspaced within mustard band. Blue framing line continues around parfleche to reverse. Black outlining thoughout.


Purchased by a Mr. Peterson, a collector from Portland, and member of the Oregon legislature. His wife Marsella Peterson consigned the collection to Walter Earl, Antique Gallery, Anchorage, Alaska, to disperse. Purchased by the Nichols of Newport, Rhode Island. Gift of Linda and Charles Nichols in 1995.

Credit Line

Gift of Linda and Charles Nichols in tribute to unnamed Native artists