Plate

Dutch (Delft)
late 17th century


Object Place: Europe, Delft, The Netherlands

Dimensions

Diameter 34.6 cm (13 5/8 in.)

Accession Number

63.33

Medium or Technique

Tin-glazed earthenware

Not On View

Collections

Europe

Classifications

Earthenware

With border of flowers in pebbly blue glaze, scalloped inner edge. Center painted by hausmaler with Crucifixion in yellow and browns.

Provenance

1926, Jacques Mühsam (b. 1857 - d. 1930), Berlin; November 30- December 1, 1926, Mühsam sale, Lepke, Berlin, lot 479. Oscar Bondy (b. 1870 - d. 1944) and Elisabeth Bondy, Vienna; 1938, confiscated from Oscar and Elisabeth Bondy by Nazi forces (no. OB 225) [see note 1]; stored at the Central Depot, Neue Burg, Vienna, and probably removed to Alt Aussee [see note 2]; 1945, recovered by Allied forces and subsequently returned to Elisabeth Bondy, New York; probably sold by Mrs. Bondy to Blumka Gallery, New York [see note 3]; March 20, 1962, sold by Blumka to R. Thornton Wilson (b. 1886 - d. 1977), New York; 1963, gift of R. Thornton Wilson to the MFA. (Accession Date: January 9, 1963)

NOTES:
[1] With the Anschluss, or annexation of Austria to Nazi Germany in March, 1938, the possessions of Oscar and Elisabeth Bondy were seized and expropriated almost immediately by Nazi forces. This dish is listed in a Nazi-generated inventory of the collection (July 4, 1938; Vienna, BDA-Archiv, Restitutions-Materialen, K 8/1), as no. 225 ("Fayenceteller, weisser Grund farbige Kreuzigung D=35, A. 18. Jh.").

[2] Many works of art stored elsewhere by the Nazis were moved to the abandoned salt mines of Alt Aussee in Austria, to be kept stafe from wartime bombing.

[3] Mr. Bondy and his wife left Europe and emigrated to the United States, where he passed away in 1944. In the years following World War II, much of his collection was restituted to his widow and subsequently sold on the New York art market, particularly through Blumka Gallery. For further on Oscar Bondy, see Sophie Lillie, Was einmal war: Handbuch der enteigneten Kunstsammlungen Wiens (Vienna, 2003), pp. 216-245.

Credit Line

Gift of R. Thornton Wilson in memory of Florence Ellsworth Wilson