Plate

English
18th century
about 1775
Made at Leeds Factory (England)


Object Place: Europe, England

Dimensions

Diameter: 25.4cm (10in.)

Accession Number

59.855

Medium or Technique

Creamware, Dutch enamel decoration

Not On View

Collections

Europe

Classifications

Earthenware

The Flight into Egypt is painted in iron-red, maroon, gray-blue, and yellow within a circle of red, feathery leaves, and an outer border of leaves and flowers in maroon and gray-blue. It is inscribed MARIA EN JOSP EN HET KINDEK.

Inscription

It is inscribed "MARIA EN JOSP/EN HET KINDEK" on front.

Provenance

1938, Oscar Bondy (b. 1870 - d. 1944) and Elisabeth Bondy, Vienna; 1938, confiscated from Oscar and Elisabeth Bondy by Nazi forces (no. OB 863) [see note 1]; acquired by the Oberösterreichisches Landesmuseum, Linz, Austria; 1947, released by the Landesmuseum to the American Military Government in Austria, and subsequently returned to Elisabeth Bondy, New York [see note 2]; probably sold by Mrs. Bondy to Blumka Gallery, New York [see note 3]; October 30, 1959, sold by Blumka to R. Thornton Wilson (b. 1886 - d. 1977), New York; 1959, gift of R. Thornton Wilson to the MFA. (Accession Date: November 12, 1959)

NOTES:
[1] With the Anschluss, or annexation of Austria to Nazi Germany in March, 1938, the possessions of Oscar and Elisabeth Bondy were seized and expropriated almost immediately by Nazi forces. This plate is listed in a Nazi-generated inventory of the collection (July 4, 1938; Vienna, BDA-Archiv, Restitutions-Materialen, K 8/1), as no. 488 ("Majolikateller, Darstellung Flucht nach Ägypten, D=25, holländisch, 18. Jh.").

[2] The plate is included on a list of works of "art objects which are overturned to us from confiscated properties and they are already presented to the respective Section of the American Military and Austrian Government" (May 30, 1947, from the Oberösterreichisches Landesmuseum to the American Military Government, Salzburg). National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, MD, Microfilm Publication M1926. Records of the Reparations and Restitutions Branch of the U.S. Allied Commission for Austria (USACA) Section, 1945-1950.

[3] Mr. Bondy and his wife left Europe and emigrated to the United States, where he passed away in 1944. In the years following World War II, much of his collection was restituted to his widow and subsequently sold on the New York art market, particularly through Blumka Gallery. For further on Oscar Bondy, see Sophie Lillie, "Was einmal war: Handbuch der enteigneten Kunstsammlungen Wiens" (Vienna, 2003), 216-245.

Credit Line

Gift of R. Thornton Wilson in memory of Florence Ellsworth Wilson