Relief plaque showing a king (Oba) dominating leopards

Edo peoples, Benin kingdom, Nigeria
16th–17th century
Artist Unidentified


Length x width: 37.5 x 19.1 cm (14 3/4 x 7 1/2 in.)

Accession Number

L-G 7.23.2012

Medium or Technique

Copper alloy

On View

Benin Kingdom Gallery (Gallery 172)


Africa and Oceania



The Oba, or king, of Benin can claim an almost supernatural power. Here, he is depicted grasping two leopards by their tails and wearing a belt of living mudfish. The leopard, the swift and aggressive king of the forest, is a metaphor for the Benin king. Some species of mudfish are also fearsome, as they can sting with an electrical charge. Mudfish are further connected to the concept of royal power because they live in oceans and rivers, the abode of the god of wealth and the source of royal coral regalia. The coral-beaded tunic, crown and collars are worn by many elite members of the court, but the large bead at the center of the figure’s chest further confirms that this is the Oba, wearing the bead of rule. This plaque is one of a group of more than 800 that once adorned the pillars of the palace audience hall. The living Oba would have received visitors in this hall, surrounded by shining bronze images of himself and his courtiers.


J.J. Klejman (dealer; b. 1906 – d. 1995), New York; sold by Klejman to Robert Owen Lehman; 2012, promised gift of Robert Owen Lehman to the MFA.

Credit Line

Robert Owen Lehman Collection