Scarab with king holding lion

Near Eastern, Levantine, Phoenician
Archaic Period
6th century B.C.


Catalogue Raisonné

Lewes House Gems, no. 009 (1920; 2002).

Dimensions

Length: 15 mm (9/16 in.)

Accession Number

27.762

Medium or Technique

Carnelian

On View

Anne and Blake Ireland Gallery (Gallery 210A)

Collections

Jewelry, The Ancient World

Classifications

Scarabs and scaraboids

Intaglio. Set in a modern gold bezel with spiraled wires running along the body of the beetle and forming a circular border around the string holes; the circular border from the tail side of the beetle is lost. A king, bearded and wearing a pointed helmet and long robe, holds a lion by the neck/mane with his left hand, while raising an axe in his right hand to strike the lion. Beneath both figures, a naked man climbs up a hill, which is denoted by cross-hatching. Above, a bird of prey. At the right, behind the king an empty cartouche. Line border.
Beetle has double line separating thorax and elytra and a single line between elytra. Hatch marks on clypeus.

Provenance

Date unknown: Bruschi Collection at Corneto (according to J. D. Beazley, The Lewes House Collection of Ancient Gems, no. 9); by date unknown: with Edward Perry Warren; April 5, 1926: loaned to MFA by Edward Perry Warren (as 105.26); November 17, 1927: gift of Edward Perry Warren to MFA

Credit Line

Gift of Edward Perry Warren