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Secretary

1841

Attributed to Thomas Day, American, 1801–1861 American


Dimensions

Height x width: 90 x 45 x 23 in. (228.6 x 114.3 x 58.4 cm)

Accession Number

2010.946

Medium or Technique

Mahogany veneer, mahogany, and maple; pine and poplar as secondary woods.

On View

Lurie-Marks Gallery (Gallery 138)

Collections

Americas

Classifications

Furniture , Case Furniture and Boxes

A master craftsman and person of color in a slave society, Thomas Day was born free to mixed-race parents in southern Virginia. He established his furniture making business in Milton, North Carolina, where he attracted customers from among the region’s white planter elite. In 1850 his shop was the largest furniture business in the state. His works, like this secretary, were rural adaptations of the fashionable Late Classical (or Empire) style of the day. But the dramatic scrolls on the front of the glass doors are a signature element of Day’s best designs.

Inscription

In pencil inside the back of a drawer: "Made Sept 29, 1841/brought to Lowryville, Aug 24, 1899". In pencil on the underside of a pull-out writing drawer: "[P?] [illegible] & [?H] [illegible] Sept. 29. 1841."

Provenance

1899, private collection, Lowryville, [Tennessee, see note]. 20th century, acquired on the Charleston, S.C. art market by a private collector; early 1990s, sold by this private collector to Derrick Beard, Washington, D.C.; November 20-21, sale (consigned by Beard), Neal Auction, New Orleands, lot 419, to the MFA. (Accession Date: December 15, 2010) NOTE: A pencil inscription inside the back of one drawer, written in what appears to be late nineteenth-century handwriting, reads "made Sept 29, 1841 / brought to Lowryville, Aug 24, 1899." The inscription noting the object's move to Lowryville might suggest that the secretary was owned by someone in Thomas Day's family. According to the consignor, Day's mother's family is said to have migrated west to Tennessee in the late nineteenth century.

Credit Line

The Heritage Fund for a Diverse Collection