Shawabty

Egyptian
Likely late New Kingdom, Dynasty 20
1186–1070 B.C.


Dimensions

Height x width: 17.1 x 4.4 cm (6 3/4 x 1 3/4 in.)

Accession Number

72.1662

Medium or Technique

Pottery

Not On View

Collections

The Ancient World

Classifications

Shawabties and shawabty boxes

This shawabty of coarse, pinkish clay with a thin red wash is a crudely modelled mummiform figure. Shaping is distinct enough make out a tripartite wig and hands crossed over the chest, left above right. Extremely slight modelling of facial details is perhaps evident. No applied decoration or text is exhibited. The shawabty is heavily worn, but intact.

An ancient Egyptian shawabty is a funerary figurine that was intended to magically animate in the Afterlife in order to act as a proxy for the deceased when called upon to tend to field labor or other tasks. This expressed purpose was sometimes written on the shawabty itself in the form of a “Shawabty Spell,” of which versions of various length are known. Shorter shawabty inscriptions could also just identify the deceased by name and, when applicable, title(s). However, many shawabtys carry no text at all. The ideal number of such figurines to include in a tomb or burial seems to have varied during different time periods.

Provenance

By 1836: Robert Hay Collection, Linplum, Scotland; 1863: to his son, Robert James Alexander Hay; 1868-1872: Way Collection, Boston (purchased by Samuel A. Way through London dealers Rollin and Feuardent, 27 Haymarket); 1872: given to the MFA by Samuel's son, C. Granville Way. (Accession Date: June 28, 1872)

Credit Line

Hay Collection—Gift of C. Granville Way