Shawabty of Ankh-hep

Egyptian
Late Period, Dynasty 26
664–525 B.C.


Dimensions

Height x width x depth: 20.9 x 5.4 x 4.0 cm (8 1/4 x 2 1/8 x 1 9/16 in.)

Accession Number

72.1685

Medium or Technique

Faience

Not On View

Collections

The Ancient World

Classifications

Shawabties and shawabty boxes

This faience shawabty carries a greenish glaze, worn away in some areas with some brownish discoloration. It is mummiform in shape in the classic Late Period form which is characterized by tripartite wig, long false beard, back pillar, and rectangular base. The tripartite wig has incised lines denoting tresses and the beard is plaited. The hands are crossed left over right with sleeves indicated and hold implements of field work. The figure holds the pick on the left shoulder and hoe and cord to a small seed bag on the right. Nine horizontal bands of incised hieroglyphic text identify the owner as “Ankh-hep, born of Tadihatmehyt” and record a versin of the “Shawabty Spell.” Aside from surface wear, the shawabty is in very good condition.

An ancient Egyptian shawabty is a funerary figurine that was intended to magically animate in the Afterlife in order to act as a proxy for the deceased when called upon to tend to field labor or other tasks. This expressed purpose was sometimes written on the shawabty itself in the form of a “Shawabty Spell,” of which versions of various length are known. Shorter shawabty inscriptions could also just identify the deceased by name and, when applicable, title(s). However, many shawabtys carry no text at all. The ideal number of such figurines to include in a tomb or burial seems to have varied during different time periods.

Provenance

By 1836: Robert Hay Collection, Linplum, Scotland; 1863: to his son, Robert James Alexander Hay; 1868-1872: Way Collection, Boston (purchased by Samuel A. Way through London dealers Rollin and Feuardent, 27 Haymarket); 1872: given to the MFA by Samuel's son, C. Granville Way. (Accession date: June 28, 1872)

Credit Line

Hay Collection—Gift of C. Granville Way