Requires Photography

Shawabty of Ankh-hor born of Tadiuserpahap

Egyptian
Late Period, Dynasty 26–30
664–332 B.C.


Findspot: Egypt, Giza, Street G 7600, E of mastaba G 7650

Dimensions

Overall: 4.5 cm (1 3/4 in.)

Accession Number

29.3217

Medium or Technique

Faience

Not On View

Collections

The Ancient World

Classifications

Shawabties and shawabty boxes

This Late Period shawabty is inscribed for Ankh-hor, born of Tadiuserpahap. This is a head and torso fragment of a shawabty which dates to the Late Period. The typology of this period consists of a tripartite wig, long beard, back pillar and base, with the figure holding the pick on the right shoulder and hoe and cord to a small seed bag on the left. Here there is no seed bag and no wig line on the flat back pillar. The arms are crossed right over left. There is one column of text incised on the back pillar. There is no seed bag. The figure is turquoise in color and is finely-crafted.

An ancient Egyptian shawabty is a funerary figurine that was intended to magically animate in the Afterlife in order to act as a proxy for the deceased when called upon to tend to field labor or other tasks. This expressed purpose was sometimes written on the shawabty itself in the form of a “Shawabty Spell,” of which versions of various lengths are known. Shorter shawabty inscriptions could also just identify the deceased by name and, when applicable, title(s). However, many shawabtys carry no text at all. The ideal number of such figurines to include in a tomb or burial seems to have varied during different time periods.

This shawabti is inscribed with one vertical line containing Ankh-Hor’s name and his mother’s name.

Provenance

From Giza, Street G 7600, E of mastaba G 7650, [some originally from street G 7600, pit W (G 7600 W)], [some originally from street G 7600, pit V, room II (G 7600 V II)] . 1929: excavated by the Harvard University–Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition; assigned to the MFA in the division of finds by the government of Egypt.

Credit Line

Harvard University—Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition