Requires Photography

Shawabty of Horiuefankh born of Neferetheres

Late Period, Dynasty 26–30
664–332 B.C.

Findspot: Egypt, Giza, [Street G 7100] E of mastaba G 7110-7120: G 7120


Overall: 3.6 cm (1 7/16 in.)

Accession Number


Medium or Technique


Not On View


The Ancient World


Shawabties and shawabty boxes

This fragment of a torso of a mummiform shawabty is in the classic Late Period form which is characterized by the back pillar. There is one framed column of incised text on the front of the figure. The shawabty is inscribed for Horiuefankh born of Neferetheres.
An ancient Egyptian shawabty is a funerary figurine that was intended to magically animate in the Afterlife in order to act as a proxy for the deceased when called upon to tend to field labor or other tasks. This expressed purpose was sometimes written on the shawabty itself in the form of a “Shawabty Spell,” of which versions of various length are known. Shorter shawabty inscriptions could also just identify the deceased by name and, when applicable, title(s). However, many shawabtys carry no text at all. The ideal number of such figurines to include in a tomb or burial seems to have varied during different time periods.


Hr-iw.f-anx born of Nfr-Hr.s


From Giza [Street G 7100], E of mastaba G 7110-7120: G 7120. 1924: excavated by the Harvard University–Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition; assigned to the MFA in the division of finds by the government of Egypt.

Credit Line

Harvard University–Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition