Shawabty of Kheperra son of Tasheriteniset

Egyptian
Late Period, Dynasty 26, reign of Amasis
570–526 B.C.


Findspot: Egypt, Giza, Pit G 7757 A, (tomb of Kheperre), room X

Dimensions

Overall: 11.9 cm (4 11/16 in.)

Accession Number

31.815

Medium or Technique

Faience

Not On View

Collections

The Ancient World

Classifications

Shawabties and shawabty boxes

This shawabty inscribed for Kheperre son of Tasheriteniset dates to the Late Period. The typology of this period consists of a tripartite wig, long beard, back pillar and base, with the figure holding the pick on the right shoulder and hoe and cord to a small seed bag on the left. Here the arms are crossed right over left. There are two framed columns of incised text on the front of the figure. The beard is plaited.

An ancient Egyptian shawabty is a funerary figurine that was intended to magically animate in the Afterlife in order to act as a proxy for the deceased when called upon to tend to field labor or other tasks. This expressed purpose was sometimes written on the shawabty itself in the form of a “Shawabty Spell,” of which versions of various length are known. Shorter shawabty inscriptions could also just identify the deceased by name and, when applicable, title(s). However, many shawabtys carry no text at all. The ideal number of such figurines to include in a tomb or burial seems to have varied during different time periods.

This shawabti is inscribed with two vertical lines containing Kheperra’s titles, his name, and his mother’s name.

Provenance

From Giza, Pit G 7757 A, (tomb of Kheperre), room X. 1929: Excavated by the Harvard University–Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition; assigned to the MFA by the government of Egypt.

Credit Line

Harvard University—Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition