Shawabty of King Piankhy (Piye)
Napatan Period, reign of Piankhy (Piye)
Findspot: Nubia (Sudan), el-Kurru, Pyramid 17, debris in stair and chamber
Overall Smallest: 2.5 cm (1 in.) Overall Largest: 5 cm (1 15/16 in.)
Medium or Technique
Not On View
These are 40 torso, leg and foot fragments and 16 tiny miscellaneous fragments of shawabtys of King Piankhy (Piye). Five of the leg and foot fragments are in two pieces.
The ancient Nubians included shawabtys in their tombs only in the Napatan Period, about 750 - 270 B.C. These funerary figurines are based on Egyptian shawabtys, but differ from them in many features of their iconography. For instance, the known Nubian examples are only from royal tombs. Also, they have unique texts, implements, poses and are known to have the largest number of shawabtys included in one tomb. Their function, it is assumed, was the same as that of the Egyptian shawabty, namely to magically animate in the Afterlife in order to act as a proxy for the deceased when called upon to tend to field labor or other tasks. This expressed purpose was sometimes written on the shawabty itself in the form of a “Shawabty Spell,” of which versions of various lengths are known. Shorter shawabty inscriptions could also
From Nubia (Sudan), el-Kurru, Ku 17 (tomb of King Piankhy), debris in stair and chamber. 1919: excavated by the Harvard University–Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition; assigned to the MFA in the division of finds by the government of Sudan.
Harvard University—Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition