Requires Photography

Shawabty of King Piankhy (Piye)

Nubian
Napatan Period, reign of Piankhy (Piye)
743–712 B.C.


Findspot: Nubia (Sudan), el-Kurru, Ku 17, debris in stair and chamber

Dimensions

Overall: 10 cm (3 15/16 in.)

Accession Number

21.12967

Medium or Technique

Faience

Not On View

Collections

The Ancient World

Classifications

Shawabties and shawabty boxes

This is a shawabty of King Piankhy (Piye). The object was broken in two pieces and is mended. The male figure wears a tripartite wig, an uraeus and a long beard. This mummiform shape does not have a back pillar or base. No hands or implements are depicted. There is one unframed column of painted text which shows the cartouche on the front of the figure. The object is half molded with a flat dressed back. The foot is missing and the beard is chipped.

The ancient Nubians included shawabtys in their tombs only in the Napatan Period, about 750 - 270 B.C. These funerary figurines are based on Egyptian shawabtys, but differ from them in many features of their iconography. For instance, the known Nubian examples are only from royal tombs. Also, they have unique texts, implements, poses and are known to have the largest number of shawabtys included in one tomb. Their function, it is assumed, was the same as that of the Egyptian shawabty, namely to magically animate in the Afterlife in order

Provenance

From Nubia (Sudan), el-Kurru, Ku 17 (tomb of King Piankhy (Piye)), debris in stair and chamber. 1919: excavated by the Harvard University–Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition; assigned to the MFA in the division of finds by the government of the Sudan.

Credit Line

Harvard University—Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition