Shawabty of King Senkamanisken
Napatan Period, reign of Senkamanisken
Findspot: Nubia (Sudan), Nuri, Pyramid 3, Room B
Overall: 16.1 x 4.5 cm (6 5/16 x 1 3/4 in.)
Medium or Technique
Not On View
This is a shawabty belonging to King Senkamanisken. The figure wears the king’s nemes headdress with double uraeus and has a plaited beard attached by an incised chin strap. Here the arms are crossed and the hands are directly opposite each other. In each hand the figure holds a hoe, the hoe on the right is broader than the hoe on the left shoulder. In addition the left hand holds a cord to a seed bag which is slung over the left shoulder. The seed bag is roughly square with a tassel with a forked end hanging from the center of the bottom of the bag. Six horizontal lines of incised hieroglyphic text encircle the body. The text is framed and there is a narrow blank area up the center of the back. The hands and fingers are detailed. There are detailed cosmetic eyelines on the brow and the eye. A multistranded wesekh (broad) collar is visible. There is a footmark on the bottom of the foot which is number 59 in Dows Dunham’s typology, updated by Joyce Haynes (MFA, 2008).
This mummiform shape does not have a back pillar or base. Each shawabty has distinctive, individualized facial features. The uraeus is slightly worn.
The tomb of King Senkamanisken contained three types of shawabty figures, small scale faience, large scale faience, and dark brown serpentinite.
From Nubia (Sudan), Nuri, Pyramid 3 (tomb of Senkamanisken) Room B. 1917: excavated by the Harvard University–Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition; assigned to the MFA in the division of finds by the government of the Sudan.
Harvard University—Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition