Shawabty of Psamtik
Late Period, Dynasty 26–30
Findspot: Egypt, Giza, debris on top of mastaba G 7330-7340
Overall: 4.6 cm (1 13/16 in.)
Medium or Technique
Not On View
This is a head and upper torso fragment of a shawabty which dates to the Late Period. The typology of this period consists of a tripartite wig, long beard, back pillar and base, with the figure holding the pick on the right shoulder and hoe and cord to a small seed bag on the left. Here the arms are crossed right over left. There is no hair line. There is incised text on the back pillar. It is inscribed for Psamtek. The bright blue-green glaze is largely extant except for on the face.
An ancient Egyptian shawabty is a funerary figurine that was intended to magically animate in the Afterlife in order to act as a proxy for the deceased when called upon to tend to field labor or other tasks. This expressed purpose was sometimes written on the shawabty itself in the form of a “Shawabty Spell,” of which versions of various lengths are known. Shorter shawabty inscriptions could also just identify the deceased by name and, when applicable, title(s). However, many shawabtys carry no text at all. The ideal number of such figurines to include in a tomb or burial seems to have varied during different time periods.
This shawabti is inscribed with one vertical line containing the name of the deceased.
From Giza, debris on top of mastaba G 7330-7340. 1927: excavated by the Harvard University–Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition; assigned to the MFA in the division of finds by the government of Egypt.
Harvard University—Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition