Shawabty of Rekhnefer son of Merenptah
Late Period, Dynasty 26–30
Findspot: Egypt, Giza, G 7230-7240: G 7230 B VIII
Overall: 4.1 cm (1 5/8 in.)
Medium or Technique
Not On View
This upper torso fragment of a shawabty inscribed for Rekhnefer son of Merenptah dates to the Late Period. It has a tripartite wig, long plaited beard, back pillar and base. The figure holds the pick on the right shoulder and hoe and cord to a small seed bag on the left. Here the arms are crossed right over left.
An ancient Egyptian shawabty is a funerary figurine that was intended to magically animate in the Afterlife in order to act as a proxy for the deceased when called upon to tend to field labor or other tasks. This expressed purpose was sometimes written on the shawabty itself in the form of a “Shawabty Spell,” of which versions of various lengths are known. Shorter shawabty inscriptions could also just identify the deceased by name and, when applicable, title(s). However, many shawabtys carry no text at all. The ideal number of such figurines to include in a tomb or burial seems to have varied during different time periods.
From Giza G 7230-7240: pit G 7230 B, chamber VIII, debris. 1926: excavated by the Harvard University–Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition; assigned to the MFA in the division of finds by the government of Egypt.
Harvard University—Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition