Shirt (umpak or dagom)

Filipino (Mindanao, Kulaman or Bila'an)
19th century

Object Place: Mindanao, Republic of the Philippines


Height x width: 15 1/4 x 44 1/4 in. (38.7 x 112.4 cm)

Accession Number


Medium or Technique

Cotton, mother-of-pearl sequins (kalati); plain-weave, beaded, embroidered

Not On View


Asia, Textiles and Fashion Arts



Dark blue cotton shirt with long sleeves and deep V-neck decorated with mother-of-pearl sequins that create a net-like effect across the lower bodice, upper arms and at the cuffs. The sequins are also used to create small flowers across the upper bodice, points along the front neckline and an inverted triangular motif at the back neckline (“pak pak” or “wings of an eagle”)

Bilan man’s jacket, highly ornamented with mother-of-pearl disks. The Bilans are a people similar to the Bagoboa of Davao, southern Mindanao. They live between the Gulf of Davao and Lake Buluan, and very little is known about them. Jackets with this old type of ornamentation are now very rare and difficult to secure. In the modern garments, the mother-of-pearl disks have been replaced by beads and commercial spangles.


Lent by Miss Anna D. Slocum, September 11, 1913. Gift to MFA on November 13, 1941

Credit Line

Gift of Miss Laura Slocum and Mr. William H. Slocum in the name of their sister Miss Anna D. Slocum