Tankard

1700–10
Edward Winslow (American, 1669–1753)


Object Place: Boston, Massachusetts, United States

Dimensions

17.5 x 12.8 x 19.2 cm (6 7/8 x 5 1/16 x 7 9/16 in.)

Accession Number

1980.242

Medium or Technique

Silver

Not On View

Collections

Americas

Classifications

Silver hollowware

The raised tankard with straight tapering sides has a center point on base. The drawn and stepped base molding rises to an applied everted rim; a pair of scored lines appears below the lip. The raised, two-stepped, flat-topped lid also has a center punch; two pairs of scored lines encircle the rim, and there is a crenate lip. The cast thumbpiece consists of a pair of dolphins flanking a circular mask of a mustachioed man; meander wire is below. The five-part hinge has a cast linen-fold hingeplate, again with meander wire below. The raised and seamed scroll handle is attached to the body with a long rattail drop at upper join. The terminus is a cast winged cherub’s head; a coarse triangular air vent is below. The lid and stepped section near hinge have been reworked. The handle bears significant wear marks consistent with contact to thumbpiece.


About twenty-four tankards bearing Winslow’s mark are known, most dated between 1700 and 1730. The tankard for the Paine family of Eastham, Massachusetts — with its plain body and flat lid, handle accented with a cast dolphin-and-mask thumbpiece, and cherub terminal — is characteristic of many that Winslow made.
Family history records that this tankard was originally owned by Thomas and Mary Paine, who were married in 1650. If they did purchase it, they acquired it some forty years after their marriage, an unusual acquisition made late in their lives.

This text has been adapted from “Silver of the Americas, 1600-2000,” edited by Jeannine Falino and Gerald W.R. Ward, published in 2008 by the MFA. Complete references can be found in that publication.

Inscription

Engraved "P / T M " in shaded roman capitals on handle.

Markings

On lid and to left of handle is marked "EW" within a shaped mark over a fleur-de-lis.

Provenance

According to family history and the engraved initials, the tankard was made for Thomas Paine (1612 – 1706) of Yarmouth and Eastham, Massachusetts, who in 1650 m. Mary Snow (1627 – 1704), daughter of Nicholas (1602 – 1676) and Constance (Hopkins) Snow (about 1605 – 1677) of Eastham. However, it is more likely the tankard was first owned by their son James (1665 – 1728) and his wife, Bethiah Thacher (1671 – 1734). The tankard passed by descent to their son the Rev. Thomas Paine (1694 – 1757) and Eunice Treat (1704 – 1747), thence to Thomas’s son Robert Treat Paine (1731 – 1814), a signer of the Declaration of Independence, and his wife, Sarah (Sally) Cobb (1740 – 1816). The tankard briefly entered the matrilineal line when it was given to Paine’s eldest daughter, Mary (1780 – 1842), m. the Rev. Elisha Clap (also Clapp) (1783 – 1869). As the couple had no issue, the tankard returned to the patrilineal line when it was inherited by their nephew Charles Cushing Paine (1808 – 1874) and his wife, Fanny Cabot Jackson (1812 – 1878). The tankard was given to their son Charles Jackson Paine (1833 – 1916) and his wife, Julia Lee Bryant (1847 – 1901), and thence to their son John Bryant Paine (1870 – 1951). The tankard was made a gift in honor of John Bryant Paine and his wife, Louise Rue Frazer (1879 – 1968), by their children and grandchildren: Helen Sumner Paine Dickson; Caroline Satterthwait Paine Ganson; Julia Lee Paine Wakefield; her children Elizabeth W. Doermann, Julia W. Proctor, Joan W. Millspaugh, and Sarah K. Wakefield; Louise Frazer Paine Erickson; Sarah Cushing Paine Forbes; Henrietta N. Paine.

Credit Line

Gift in memory of John Bryant Paine and Louise Frazer Paine from their children and grandchildren