The Crucifixion

German
16th century


Object Place: Europe, Germany

Dimensions

Overall: 23.2 x 18.1cm (9 1/8 x 7 1/8in.)

Accession Number

1983.40

Medium or Technique

Stone; soapstone (Kehlheim stone) relief

Not On View

Collections

Europe

Classifications

Sculpture

Relief of the Crucifixion with the three Mary’s and St. John in foreground with eight soldiers. Signed at base of cross.

Signed

Signed at base of cross "F.S.21 (71?)".

Markings

Quarry or guild mark on reverse.

Provenance

Possibly Oscar Bondy (b. 1870 - d. 1944), Vienna and New York [see note 1]; possibly sold from the Bondy collection to Blumka Gallery, New York; May 15, 1962, sold by Blumka to R. Thornton Wilson (b. 1886 - d. 1977), New York; 1983, bequest of R. Thornton Wilson to the MFA. (Accession Date: January 12, 1983)

NOTES:
[1] According to a letter from R. Thornton Wilson to Perry Rathbone of the MFA (May 16, 1962; in MFA curatorial file). Attempts to identify the relief in inventories of Oscar Bondy's collection have not been successful.

With the Anschluss, or annexation of Austria to Nazi Germany in March, 1938, the possessions of Oscar and Elisabeth Bondy were seized and expropriated almost immediately by Nazi forces. Mr. Bondy and his wife left Europe and emigrated to the United States, where he passed away in 1944. In the years following World War II, much of his collection was restituted to his widow and subsequently sold on the New York art market, particularly through Blumka Gallery. For further on Oscar Bondy, see Sophie Lillie, Was einmal war: Handbuch der enteigneten Kunstsammlungen Wiens (Vienna, 2003), pp. 216-245.

Credit Line

Bequest of R. Thornton Wilson in memory of Florence Ellsworth Wilson