Two-handled jar (amphora)

Greek
Archaic Period
about 525–510 B.C.
Circle of Euphronios (Euthymides or Oltos) (Greek)


Place of Manufacture: Greece, Attica, Athens

Dimensions

Height: 65 cm (25 9/16 in.)

Accession Number

63.1515

Medium or Technique

Ceramic, Red Figure

On View

Greek Archaic Gallery (Gallery 113)

Collections

The Ancient World

Classifications

Vessels

Side A: This is a depiction of the often represented struggle for the Delphic tripod between Herakles and Apollo. Apollo is shown on the right as a beardless youth, wearing his quiver on his back, and holding forth his bow. Herakles, holding the tripod over his shoulder in one hand and his characteristic club in the other, moves away to the left. Between them is a tall palm-tree, which usually suggests a sacred location. Both figures are labeled behind their backs: “Herakles” (HERAKLEOS), and “Apollo” (APPOLLONOS). Between the figures at the side of Apollo’s leg is the inscription “beautiful” (KALOS).

Side B: A woman (possibly a maenad, a female devotee of the wine-god Dionysus) revels between two ithyphallic satyrs. While her elegant clothing and coiffed hair are unusual for the typical wild maenad, she also carries two long ivy branches, which gives her Dionysiac associations.

Condition: Body broken (one break); foot rejoined and mended. Some in-painting.

Inscription

"Herakles" (HERAKLEOS), and "Apollo" (APPOLLONOS). Between the figures is the inscription "beautiful" (KALOS).
From Left to Right
ΗΡΑΚΛΕΟΣ
ΚΑΛΟΣ
ΑΠΟΛΛΟΝΟΣ

Provenance

1963: exhibited at Galerie Maspero, Paris, March 27-June 15 (Le Dessin dans L'Art Grec); 1963: with Münzen und Medaillen, A.G., Malzgasse 25, Basel, Switzerland; purchased by MFA from Münzen und Medaillen, A.G., October 17, 1963

Credit Line

William Francis Warden, Catharine Page Perkins, and James Funds