Votive relief to Apollo Sozon

Roman Provincial
Imperial Period
about A.D. 225–250


Catalogue Raisonné

Sculpture in Stone (MFA), no. 291; Sculpture in Stone and Bronze (MFA), p. 113 (additional published references).

Dimensions

Height x width x thickness: 33.6 x 22 x 4.3 cm (13 1/4 x 8 11/16 x 1 11/16 in.)

Accession Number

69.1256

Medium or Technique

Marble from southwest Asia Minor

Not On View

Collections

The Ancient World

Classifications

Sculpture

The Phrygian rider god Sozon wears his traveling costume and holds his double axe over his right shoulder. The frame of the stele takes the form of an arcuated balduchino above and a groundline below. Floral akroteria complete the decoration in each case, although the second rider, on the awkward little horse with a pig snout, appears to move through a rocky landscape.

The inscription along the bottom molding, above the tenon, reads (add Greek) “Eutychios paid his vow (dedicated this) to Apollo.”

The relief is somewhat chipped, especially at the akroteria, and weathered, but are basically in good condition, with an attractive golden yellow patina.

The Classical Greek Apollo has been entirely transformed in line with Anatolian popular traditions. Unlike his Greek namesake, the god, who is identified with the Phrygian Sozon, wears a heavy traveling costume, carries a double axe and rides a horse. Stylistically, the piece can be considered folk art in marble.

Inscription

ΕΥΤΥΧΟΣ ΑΠΟΛΛΩΝΙ ΕΥΧΗΝ

Provenance

By date unknown: with Mathias Komor, 19 East 71st Street, New York, N.Y. 10021 (from western Asia Minor, probably Phrygia, Pisidia or the nearby region of Caria); gift to MFA from Mathias Komor, November 19, 1969

Credit Line

Gift of Mathias Komor, Esq.