Votive relief to Helios and Mên

Greek
Late Classical Period
about 340 B.C.


Place of Manufacture: Greece, Attica, Athens

Catalogue Raisonné

Sculpture in Stone (MFA), no. 078; Sculpture in Stone and Bronze (MFA), p. 109 (additional published references).

Dimensions

Height x width: 45 x 44.5 cm (17 11/16 x 17 1/2 in.)

Accession Number

1972.78

Medium or Technique

Fine-grained Pentelic marble

Not On View

Collections

The Ancient World

Classifications

Sculpture

On the first side, the sun god Helios, wearing a long chiton, a nimbus or solar disc behind his head, drives the four horses of the sun in an open gallop across the front of the relief’s architectural niche. On the second side, Mên, the Asia Minor moon god, was represented in frontal view seated “side-saddle”(?) on a large ram, a crescent moon of equal dimensions behind. In front is a table with votive offerings, approached by four adorants, two bearded men, a youth, and a child. A cock and a hen are under the table.
The scenes are framed by a naiskos with side pillars and a roof. On the architrave are traces of the votive inscription (see inscriptions tab).

Inscription

(A)… (E Λ… ΗΕΛΙΩΙ?)(B)… Θ…I.

Provenance

By 1885, Karol Lanckoronski (b. 1848 – d. 1933), Vienna [see note 1]; by descent to his son, Anton Lanckoronski (b. 1893 – d. 1956), Vienna and Zurich; 1939, confiscated with the Lanckoronski collection by Nazi forces (AL 600) [see note 2] and taken to Schloss Immendorf, Austria; September 29, 1943, removed from Schloss Immendorf and taken to Schloss Thürntal, Austria [see note 3]; by about 1947, restituted to Anton Lanckoronski [see note 4]; by descent to his sister, Countess Adelheid (Adelajda) Lanckoronska (b. 1903 – d. 1980), Vienna and Zurich; June 12, 1967, Adelheid Lanckoronska sale, Sotheby’s, London (“Egyptian, Western Asiatic, Greek, Etruscan, Roman, Byzantine and Viking Antiquities"), lot 21, to Herbert A. Cahn (dealer), Münzen und Medaillen, Basel [see note 5]; 1972, sold by Münzen und Medaillen to the MFA. (Accession Date: March 8, 1972)

NOTES:
[1] Count Lanckoronski lent the relief to the Österreichische Museum für Kunst und Industrie in 1885 and the Vienna Archaeological Exhibition of 1893 (no. 1538). See Joanna Winiewicz-Wolska, Karol Lanckoronski and his Viennese Collection (Cracow, 2014), vol. 1, p. 168.

[2] On the fate of the Lanckoronski collection during the National Socialist era and its subsequent restitution, see Winiewicz-Wolska (as above, n. 1), pp. 341 – 403. Because the family claimed Polish citizenship, the art collection was subject to expropriation. The Gestapo confiscated the collection in 1939. This relief was placed on a list of nationally-valuable works of art that were prevented from leaving Austria and made available to Adolf Hitler.

[3] The relief appears on a list of objects from the Lanckoronski collection removed from Schloss Immendorf on September 29, 1943 (“Marmor Weihrelief: Helios u. Men”, no. AL 600) to be taken to Schloss Thürntal. National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, MD, RG 260, Records of U.S. Occupation Headquarters, World War II. Microfilm Publication M1926, Roll 1, Records of the Reparations and Restitutions Branch of the U.S. Allied Commission for Austria (USACA) Section, 1945-1950, Austrian Claims, no. 15. On the movement of Lanckoronski objects to Thürnthal, see Christina Gschiel, " 'Transport der Teile ohne zu schneiden': Die Bergung des Beethoven-Frieses aus derSammlung Lederer in Schloss Thürnthal," in Bergung von Kulturgut im Nationalsozialismus (Vienna, 2016), p. 367. Winiewicz-Wolska (as above, n. 1), p. 376, however, states that there were no antiquities at Thürntal in 1945.

[4] The majority of the collection was restituted to the Lanckoronski family by 1947. Though the relief was returned, in 1950 the authorities once again proposed banning its export from the country. It was ultimately granted an export permit from Austria. See Winiewicz-Wolska (as above, n. 1), p. 392.

[5] Exhibited at Andre Emmerich Gallery, Inc., New York (February 7 - March 13, 1968, Art of the Ancients: Greeks, Etruscans and Romans), cat. no. 44.

Credit Line

Frederick Brown Fund