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Brasswind Musical Instruments

  • Bass-horn

    about 1800

    Description

    In C. The lowest tone is C. Made entirely of brass. Consists of a long crook, two conical tubes brazed into a short butt-stock, and the bell; the tubes are at a slightly divergent angle and are joined bu a tubular brace at the top. Six finger-holes with raised sockets on the small tube. Four round keys mounted on a saddle, the key-holes also having raised sockets. The keys give the following tones: C-sharp, F-sharp, and B.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 89 cm (35 1/16 in.)

    Medium

    Brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1956

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  • Bass-horn

    about 1807–13

    Thomas Key, active 1800–1853

    Description

    In C. The lowest tone is C. A tube and a short butt made of pearwood. Consists of the following parts: a long brass crook; a finger-hole tube, upon which are are located six finger-holes bushed with ivory and twoo round brass keys on saddles, a very short butt with a brass key, a long bass joint, and a brass bell with an oval orifice. Brass tips and a brace join both tubes at the top. The keys give the following tones: C-sharp, F-sharp, and B; the key-holes are also bushed with ivory.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 89 cm (35 1/16 in.)

    Medium

    Pearwood, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1955

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  • Serpent

    about 1820

    Georges Antoine Baudouin, French, 1736–1816 French

    Description

    Music: Allegretto from Méthode pour l' Education du Serpent by Jean Baptiste Metoyen, about 1792-95 (performed by Douglas Yeo)

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 85 cm (33 7/16 in.)

    Medium

    Pearwood, leather, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1954

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    Europe , Musical Instruments

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  • Serpent

    about 1820

    Georges Antoine Baudouin, French, 1736–1816 French

    Description

    Traditional serpent shape. Pearwood (?) body covered with leather, with later (?) green paint. Six fingerholes with ivory bushings. Brass bocal and ferrule. Period ivory mouthpiece.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 84.7 cm (33 3/8 in.)

    Medium

    Pearwood, leather, brass, ivory

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1981.760

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    Europe , Musical Instruments

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  • Upright serpent (Russian bassoon)

    about 1820

    Description

    In C. The lowest tone is C. Made of bird's-eye maple in the shape of a bassoon; stained light yellow. The instrument consists of a long brass mouthpipe, wing joint, butt, long (bass) joint, and a brass bell; all wood parts are tipped with wide brass bands. Six finger-holes in the front. Four round brass keys mounted in saddles which give the following tones: C-sharp, E-flat, F-sharp, and B. The B-key can also be used as an octave key. The E-hole is bored into both large bores of the butt.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 106.5 cm (41 15/16 in.)

    Medium

    Maple, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1957

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  • Serpent Forveille

    about 1830

    Possibly by Forveille, French, active 1823–1839

    Description

    Upright-type serpent as designed by Forveille. Leather-covered fruitwood body with brass leadpipe, bocal, and keys. Three round keys mounted on pillars. Lyre-shaped music holder screwed to bell.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 98 cm (38 9/16 in.)

    Medium

    Fruitwood, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1981.767

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  • Keyed bugle in B-flat

    about 1825

    Courtois neveu aîné, French, active before 1803–before 1862...

    Description

    Soprano in B-flat. Brass. Cylindro-conoidal bore. Two round keys (closed) mounted on saddles; key-holes have raised sockets. Shallow cup mouthpiece inserted into the tuning tube held in place by a wing nut. The keys give c' and d'. The fundamental tone, with both keys closed, comes out easily and in tune.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 56 cm (22 1/16 in.)

    Medium

    Brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1971

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    Europe , Musical Instruments

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  • Keyed bugle in B-flat (pocket model)

    about 1830

    Description

    'Pocket' model. Soprano in B-flat. Copper, with brass keys and trimmings. Cylindro-conoidal bore. Six flat round keys mounted on saddles; key-holes have brass sockets; a finger-rest above the first key. The tube has a very slight flare at the bell end instead of the usual bell with a wide rim. Deep conical cup mouthpiece with a silvered rim. The keys give the following nominal tones: b, c'-sharp, d', e'-flat, e', and f'.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 27 cm (10 5/8 in.)

    Medium

    Copper, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1976

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  • Keyed bugle in B-flat

    about 1830

    Description

    Soprano in C. Copper; brass keys and trimmings. Cylindro- conoidal bore. Six cup-shaped keys mounted on saddles; key-holes have brass sockets; the saddle of the third key is made in the form of an inverted U and has two brass strips, the whole serving as a finger-rest for holding the instrument. The first key (open) has a knurled head screw for the adjustment of the key clearance. The keys give the following actual tones: b, c'-sharp, d', e'-flat, and f'

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 45 cm (17 11/16 in.)

    Medium

    Copper, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1972

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  • Keyed bugle in B-flat

    about 1835

    Description

    Soprano in C with B-flat crook. German silver keys and trimmings. Cylindro-conoidal bore. Six cup-shaped keys mounted on saddles. Deep conical cup mouthpiece of brass with a very narrow rim. Clearance adjusting screw on the first key. The keys give the following actual tones (when crooked in C) b, c'-sharp, d', e'-flat, e', and f'.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 54 cm (21 1/4 in.)

    Medium

    Copper, nickel silver

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1975

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  • Keyed bugle in B-flat

    1835–36

    John Augustus Köhler, English, 1805–1878 English

    Description

    Soprano in B-flat. Sterling silver body with silver gilt keys and garland. Decorative engraving on bell, bell garland, key flaps, and mouthpiece. Ten round keys mounted on saddles; key-holes have raised sockets. Original mouthpiece, seven tuning bits, and one pigtail crook. Original mahogany case, fitted and cloth-lined, with a copy of Kohler's business card on the inside of the lid.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 43.2 cm (17 in.)

    Medium

    Silver, silver gilt

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1986.23

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  • Keyed bugle in B-flat

    about 1840

    Graves & Co., American, active 1824–1869 American

    Description

    Soprano in B-flat. Copper body with brass trim and keys. Seven cup-shaped keys mounted in saddles. Mouthpiece and tuning shank missing.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 43.2 cm (17 in.)

    Medium

    Copper, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1991.360

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  • Keyed bugle in B-flat

    1841

    Charles-Joseph Sax, Belgian, 1790–1865 Belgian

    Description

    Soprano in B-flat. Brass with German silver keys and trimmings. Cylindro-conoidal bore. Seven cup-shaped keys mounted on pillars (flaps of the keys have very small curvature; levers extend to the center of the flaps). Deep conical cup mouthpiece (brass) inserted into the tuning tube. The keys give the following nominal tones: b, c'-sharp, d', e'-flat (double for improving intonation), e', f'.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 50.5 cm (19 7/8 in.)

    Medium

    Brass, nickel silver

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1973

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  • Keyed bugle in E-flat

    about 1850

    Gummarus van Engelen, 1820–1904

    Description

    Sopranino in E-flat. Brass. Five round keys mounted on pillars; key-holes have raised sockets. Deep conical cup mouthpiece inserted into the tuning tube, held in place by a wing-nut. Cylindro-conoidal bore. The keys give the following nominal tones: b, c'-sharp, d', e'-flat, e', and f', sounding a minor third higher; the lowest key is open, the rest are closed.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 41 cm (16 1/8 in.)

    Medium

    Brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1974

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  • Keyed bugle in E-flat

    about 1850

    Elbridge G. Wright, American, 1811–1871 American

    Description

    Sopranino in E-flat. Copper body with nickel silver trim and keys. Ten cup- shaped keys mounted in saddles. Mouthpiece and tuning shank missing.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 33.3 cm (13 1/8 in.)

    Medium

    Copper, nickel silver

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1989.334

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  • Keyed bugle in E-flat

    about 1854

    Elbridge G. Wright, American, 1811–1871 American

    Description

    Sopranino in E-Flat. Silver. Decorative engraving on bell, bell garland, leadpipe, and finger-rest mount. Eleven cup-shaped keys mounted on pillars. Adjustable tuning shank and original mouthpiece. Original mahogany case.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 44.5 cm (17 1/2 in.)

    Medium

    Silver

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1990.85

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  • Bass ophicleide

    about 1820–25

    Jean Hilaire Asté, French, about 1775–about 1840 French

    Description

    Baritone in C. Brass Conoidal bore throughout. Nine flat keys mounted on pillars. Made in two principal parts: a crook wound round twice; and the main U-shaped conoidal body with narrow flare at the bell end. Funnel-shaped mouthpiece. The keys give the following nominal tones: B, c-sharp, d, e-flat, e, f, g, a, and b-flat. The third and fifth keys (counting from the bell) are located at the back and are operated by the left and right-hand thumbs respectively.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 108 cm (42 1/2 in.)

    Medium

    Brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1981.137

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  • Alto ophicleide

    about 1840

    C. Devaster, active early to mid-19th century

    Description

    Alto in E-flat. Brass. Conoidal bore throughout, except for a short length (7.5 cm.) where the crook is inserted into the main tubing. Nine slightly cup-shaped keys mounted on pillars. Made in two principal parts: the crook and the main tube; the crook is adjustable for tuning and position. Cup-shaped mouthpiece. The keys give the following nominal tones: B, c-sharp, d, e-flat, f, g, a, and b-flat. The third and the fifth key (counting from the bell) are located at the back and are operated by the left-hand and right- hand thumbs respectively.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 90.5 cm (35 5/8 in.)

    Medium

    Brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1958

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  • Bass ophicleide

    about 1840

    A. G. Guichard, active 1827–after 1845

    Description

    Baritone in B-flat. Brass. Conoidal-cylindro-conoidal bore. Nine flat keys mounted on pillars; the first key (open) has a knurled head screw for clearance adjustment. Made in two principal parts: a crook thrice bent upon itself and held in place by a wing-nut, and the main tube; the crook is adjustable axially for tuning and for position. Cup-shaped mouthpiece. The keys give the following nominal tones: B, c-sharp, d, e-flat, e, f, g, a, and b-flat. Two hand-rests on the main tube for support of the instrument.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 114 cm (44 7/8 in.)

    Medium

    Brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1959

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  • Bugle

    about 1810

    Kelly & Co., English, active 1802–1811 English

    Description

    Alto in G. The second partial sounds g. Copper, lacquered black. Cylindro-conoidal bore; deep conical cup mouthpiece. The tube is wound twice upon itself.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 39 cm (15 3/8 in.)

    Medium

    Copper

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1970

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    Europe , Musical Instruments

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  • Bugle

    early 19th century

    Griessling & Schlott, German, active 1801–1835 German

    Description

    Soprano in C (in 'Kammerton' pitch; the second partial sounds d' at a'=440). German army type. Brass. Conoidal bore, funnel-shaped mouthpiece with very large bore. Half-moon shape. The bell and mouthpipe are braced by a brass rod. Two rings and an ear for leather straps. The bell is lacquered green inside.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 52.5 cm (20 11/16 in.)

    Medium

    Brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1969

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  • Horn

    early 18th century

    Friedrich Ehe, German, 1669–1743 German

    Description

    Bass in G. The lowest actual note is GG. Cylindro-conoidal bore. Brass. The tube is wound two and half times in a circle. The rim of the bell is reinforced by a wide band, decorated with several stamped fleur-de-lis. Mouthpiece (not original) has shallow conical cup.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 68 cm (26 3/4 in.)

    Medium

    Brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1999

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  • Horn

    about 1780

    Raoux, French, active 18th century French

    Description

    Bass in D. Conoidal bore. Brass. The tube is wound two and a half times in a circle. The rim of the bell is reinforced by a wide band. Funnel-shaped mouthpiece.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 81 cm (31 7/8 in.)

    Medium

    Brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.2000

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  • Horn

    late 18th century

    Description

    Crooked in E. Conoidal bore. Brass. The uncrooked horn has a conoidal bore except for short lengths of cylindrical tubing for tuning slide. Crook of the conoidal bore throughout. Funnel-shaped mouthpiece with silver rim.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 53 cm (20 7/8 in.)

    Medium

    Brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.2001

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  • Inventionshorn

    early 19th century

    C. Lobeit, Bohemian, late 18th century Bohemian

    Description

    Crooked in A. Cylindro-conoidal bore. Brass, with German silver trimmings. Invention is marked 'F' (evidently belonged to another instrument with longer tubing). Bell rim, reinforced with a band of German silver engraved with flowers.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 62 cm (24 7/16 in.)

    Medium

    Brass, nickel silver

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.2002

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  • Orchestral horn

    about 1830

    Charles Kretzschmann, active before 1812–about 1870

    Description

    Music: Excerpts from Finale movement from Six Trios for Three Horns (Op. 82, No. 6) by Antoine Reicha, about 1800-1815 (performed by Richard Menaul)

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 42 cm (16 9/16 in.)

    Medium

    Brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1976.745

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  • Omnitonic horn

    1833

    Charles-Joseph Sax, Belgian, 1790–1865 Belgian

    Description

    The playing compass is from B-flat alto to B-flat basso. Cylindro-conoidal bore. Brass. The instrument has a conoidal bore tube of 97 cm. (measuring the tube without the mouthpiece), then a straight cylindrical tube, upon which are affixed eight oval-shaped cylindrical bore branches, arranged in such a way as to add progressively increasing length of tubing. This addition or subtraction of lengths is controlled by a sliding piston with a knob and index finger; in the body of the piston, the upper part of which is made of a solid brass rod, are five (should be eight) holes drilled through; the lower half of the piston is made of a long brass tubing open at the lower end; in the upper end, adjoining the solid portion, this piston has one hole which serves as an outlet for the air. The piston is prevented from rotating by a knob which fits into a long slit in a continuation of the tube in which the piston slides. On one side of this slot are engrave position lines and tonalities from B-flat alto to E-flat only. The inside of the bell is lacquered dark cherry-red with trophies and flower in gold. Drain valve on the tube.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 65 cm (25 9/16 in.)

    Medium

    Brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.2004

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  • Horn

    about 1839

    John Augustus Köhler, English, 1805–1878 English

    Description

    Crooked in C. Conoidal-cylindro-conoidal bore. Brass. Two disc valves, identical in design with those of No. 186 [MFA no. 17.1986]. The first valve is a semi-tone valve, the second is a whole-tone valve. Two circular coiled crooks: the smaller one (in which the mouthpiece is inserted) has a conoidal bore and air-column length of 107.5 cm, and the larger intermediate one has a cylindrical bore and an air-column length of 176.5 cm. Funnel-shaped mouthpiece with silvered rim.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 62 cm (24 7/16 in.)

    Medium

    Brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.2003

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  • Ballad horn

    about 1880–86

    William Hillyard, English, 1821–1895 English

    Description

    Tenor in C, with B-flat crook. Conoidal bore. Circular-shaped. Three piston valves of Perinet type. The valve mechanism is arranged for right-hand playing. Interchangeable tuning slide. Drain key on the main tube. The valve-crook slides have lines etched on them to show the extended position while playing with the B-flat crook. Mouthpiece with a cone-shaped cup.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 57 cm (22 7/16 in.)

    Medium

    Brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.2005

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  • Horn

    about 1900

    Anton Dehmal, Austrian, active 1883–1907 Austrian

    Description

    Brass body with nickel silver trim and period mouthpiece. Three Viennese valves.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Diameter 28.6 cm (11 1/4 in.)

    Medium

    Brass, nickel silver

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    2003.643

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    Europe , Musical Instruments

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  • Cornet

    about 1830

    Charles-Joseph Sax, Belgian, 1790–1865 Belgian

    Description

    Soprano in C. Two piston valves. Cylindro-conoidal bore. Brass. The tube is made in two parts. The first part (counting from the mouthpiece) includes a tuning slide and ends in a valve tube; the second begins with a valve tube and ends in a bell; both parts are connected by a short cylindrical tube to form a continuous air column. The piston valves are inserted directly into the valves tubes, and have their travel limited by the screws passing through slots in the pistons. Cup-shaped mouthpiece.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 29 cm (11 7/16 in.)

    Medium

    Brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1985

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  • Cornet

    about 1840

    William Grayson, active before 1840–1850

    Description

    Soprano in C, crooked in A. Cylindro-conoidal bore. Three piston valves. Copper, with German silver trimmings. The tube is made in two parts. The first part includes a tuning slide, but it is attached to a U-shaped tube into which are inserted two pistons; the second part begins with a piston tube and ends in a bell; a short cylindrical tube joins the U-shaped tube and the second part. Formerly, in addition to piston valves, there was a shake key, socket of which is now plugged. Engraved on the bell is a wreath. The crook is marked 'A-flat.'

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 30.5 cm (12 in.)

    Medium

    Copper, nickel silver

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1989

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  • Cornet in B-flat

    about 1840

    Charles Pace, English, 1830–1883 English

    Description

    Soprano in B-flat. Brass with nickel silver trim. Three Stözel valves and one McFarlane key. Non-original tuning shank and mouthpiece.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 30.5 cm (12 in.)

    Medium

    Brass, nickel silver

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1986.92

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    Europe , Musical Instruments

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  • Cornet

    about 1840

    John Augustus Köhler, English, 1805–1878 English

    Description

    Sopranino in E-flat. Cylindro-conoidal bore. Three disc valves. Brass. The tube is made in seven separate parts, three ow which are located on the rotary discs of the valves. The shake-key has a double lever so that it can be operated either by the little finger or the thumb of the right hand. Card-holder for music soldered to the bell.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 35.5 cm (14 in.)

    Medium

    Brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1986

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  • Cornet (circular model)

    mid-19th century

    Description

    Soprano in B-flat (high pitch). Cylindro-conoidal bore. Circular-shaped, 'Prince Pless Horn' type. Three double piston valves. Viennese action. Brass, with German silver trimmings. Piston levers arranged for left-handed playing as on a French horn. Music holder (detachable) of German silver. Original fitted case.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 32 cm (12 5/8 in.)

    Medium

    Brass, nickel silver

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1988

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  • Cornet in E-flat (over-shoulder model)

    1856

    Graves & Co., American, active 1824–1869 American

    Description

    Music: Dixie/Bonnie Blue Flag by Daniel D. Emmett/Harry McCarthy, about 1860 (performed by Paul Perfetti)

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 60 cm (23 5/8 in.)

    Medium

    Nickel silver

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1991.228

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  • Valved bugle in E-flat

    about 1860

    John Franklin Stratton, American, 1832–1912 American

    Description

    In E-flat. Nickel silver body with three string-linkage rotary valves. Telescoping tuning slide on leadpipe. Includes non-original pig-tail crook. Mouthpiece missing.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 30.5 cm (12 in.)

    Medium

    Nickel silver

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1992.96

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  • Cornet in B-flat

    about 1864–66

    Gilmore, Graves & Co., American, active 1864–1866 American

    Description

    Nickel silver. Three string-linkage rotary valves and one valve (missing touchpiece), used to transpose the overall pitch up by one half tone. Original (?) pig-tail crook and music lyre. Non-original straight shank and mouthpiece.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 62 cm (24 7/16 in.)

    Medium

    Nickel silver

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1975.392

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  • Cornet in B-flat

    about 1870

    Isaac Fiske, American, 1820–1894 American

    Description

    Soprano in B-flat. Copper body with nickel silver trim, valve assemblies and leadpipes. Three string-linkage rotary valves. Two separate leapipes are present, either of which can be joined to the instrument's tubing by one interchangable tuning slide. Missing mouthpiece and tuning shank.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 31.5 cm (12 3/8 in.)

    Medium

    Copper

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1991.14

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  • Cornet in B-flat

    about 1900

    Arsène Zoë Lecomte & Co., French, active 1859–about 1898 French

    Description

    Soprano in B-flat. Cylindro-conoidal bore. Silverplated. Three Perinet valves with oval ports. Water key. Two non-original shanks. Non-original nickel-silver-plated mouthpiece. Black leather case with blue cloth lining.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 34.8 cm (13 11/16 in.)

    Medium

    Silverplate

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1982.11

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  • Post horn

    late 18th century

    Distributed by Longman & Broderip, English, active 1776–1798...

    Description
    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 35 cm (13 3/4 in.)

    Medium

    Copper, leather

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1977.72

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  • Post horn

    about 1830

    Possibly by Anton Kerner, Jr., Austrian, about 1770–1848 Austrian

    Description

    Alto in G (high pitch). Five keys. Conoidal bore. Brass. Circular wound tube (three times) with a cup-shaped mouthpiece. Five round keys mounted on saddles; the key levers are bent to conform with the shape of the instrument, except one which is mounted on a flat cross-brace. The keys give the following nominal tones: c'-sharp, d', e'-flat, e', and f'.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 33.8 cm (13 5/16 in.)

    Medium

    Brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1983

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    Europe , Musical Instruments

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  • Post horn in B-flat

    1841–47

    Elbridge G. Wright, American, 1811–1871 American

    Description
    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 32 cm (12 5/8 in.)

    Medium

    Brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    2006.1222

    Collections

    Americas , Musical Instruments

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  • Post horn

    1850–1900

    Description

    Alto in E-flat. Circular-wound trumpet with a cornet type mouthpiece. Two piston valves, 'Berliner Pumpen' type (short; large diameter). Brass, with German silver trimmings. Cylindro-conoidal bore. Large cornet type mouthpiece. Engraved on the bell rim band are the Prussian eagle and conventional floral patterns.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 38.5 cm (15 3/16 in.)

    Medium

    Brass, nickel silver

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1984

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  • Post horn

    late 19th century

    Gustav Adolf Eschenbach, German, active 1843–1927 German

    Description

    Alto in E-flat. Circular-wound trumpet with an althorn type mouthpiece. Brass. Cylindro-conoidal bore; the tube is coiled four times.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 32 cm (12 5/8 in.)

    Medium

    Brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1982

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    Europe , Musical Instruments

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  • Post horn

    19th century

    Description

    Octave in B-flat. Conoidal bore. Copper, with brass mouthpiece. The tube is bent twice upon itself, trumpet-like, but the bends are brought closely together and soldered.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 28 cm (11 in.)

    Medium

    Copper, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1981

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  • Stop trumpet

    about 1800

    Johann Georg Lintner, German, 1766–1840 German

    Description

    Soprano in A-flat. Brass. Cylindro-conoidal bore. The tube is bent in a moon-crescent form. The mouthpiece has a deep conical cup (taken from an old-fashioned bugle).

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 50.5 cm (19 7/8 in.)

    Medium

    Brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1994

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    Europe , Musical Instruments

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  • Slide trumpet

    1825–50

    Description

    Crooked in E-flat. Silver-plated brass. Cylindro-conoidal bore. Made in three parts: crook, instrument proper, and the slide. The tube has two bends. The slide is operated by a long hollow rod sliding over another one of smaller diameter, inside of which are concealed two gut strings attached to two brass drums with spiral springs inside. The spring drums (only one is now actually on this instrument) are enclosed in special circular cases; the drums revolve on bronze axles. Triple boss on the bell branch is elaborately chased. The tube is elaborately reinforced; all ferrules, sleeves, braces, and the spring drum cases are profusely engraved with floral designs.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 68 cm (26 3/4 in.)

    Medium

    Silver plated brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1996

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  • Valved trumpet

    about 1840

    Charles Mahillon, Belgian, 1813–1887 Belgian

    Description

    Alto in F. Three double valves of the Viennese type. Brass. Cylindro-conoidal bore. Tuning slide. The valve mechanism consists of three long levers pivoted on one end and connected under the finger touch-pieces with valves by means of articulated rods; the valve levers are returned into the initital position by flat springs with rollers; the key pivots and spring roller guides are soldered to a long strip of brass. The valve tubes are reinforced on both sides by rectangular sheets of brass. Cornet-à-pistons mouthpiece.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 40.5 cm (15 15/16 in.)

    Medium

    Brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1997

    Collections

    Europe , Musical Instruments

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  • Keyed trumpet

    1843

    Leonardo Massarenti & Fratelli, Italian, active before...

    Description

    Alto in G. Five keys. Brass. Cylindro-conoidal bore. The tube has four bends; tuning slide. The keys are mounted on pillars and give the following tones: g-shaped, a, b-flat, b, and c'; the fourth and fifth keys combined give c-sharp. Silver-plated [german silver] conical cup mouthpiece.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 41 cm (16 1/8 in.)

    Medium

    Brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1995

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    Europe , Musical Instruments

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  • Trumpet

    about 1860

    Josef Wolf, active 1848–1899

    Description

    Alto in E-flat. Brass. Cylindro-conoidal bore. Two bends. Wide ribbed bands at the top and around all joints of the tubing; decorative boss in the bell branch. The mouthpiece has a conical cup. The bell rim is reinforced by a brass band.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 68 cm (26 3/4 in.)

    Medium

    Brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1992

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  • Cavalry trumpet

    1830–about 1863

    John Augustus Köhler, English, 1805–1878 English

    Description

    Alto in E-flat (high pitch). Brass cylindro-conoidal bore. The tube is would twice upon itself (four bends). The tube is reinforced at the top and at the joints with long (10.5 cm.) sleeves with chased floral ornament and twisted grooves; elaborately molded and embellished boss on the bell branch. Regular cup-shaped, trumpet mouthpiece with rolled-in silver rim. Elaborately embossed bell rim band with flowers, musical instruments, and trophies.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 41.5 cm (16 5/16 in.)

    Medium

    Brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1993

    Collections

    Europe , Musical Instruments

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  • Trumpet

    about 1870

    Leopold Tobias Uhlmann, 1806–1878

    Description

    Sopranino in E-flat. Cylindro-conoidal bore. Three rotary valves. Brass, with German silver trimmings. Tuning slide in the main tube. Deep conical-shaped mouthpiece.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 42.5 cm (16 3/4 in.)

    Medium

    Brass, nickel silver

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1987

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    Musical Instruments

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  • Soprano trombone

    1781

    Johann Joseph Schmied, German, active before 1748–after 1785...

    Description

    Soprano in B-flat. Brass. Cylindro-conoidal bore. Made in three parts: inner slide branch, slide, and the bell branch. The mouthpiece has a deep conical cup and the inner edge of the rim is slightly undercut. The bell is reinforced by a brass band.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 51.5 cm (20 1/4 in.)

    Medium

    Brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.2006

    Collections

    Europe , Musical Instruments

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  • Tenor trombone (buccin)

    about 1830

    Jean Baptiste Tabard, 1779–1845

    Description

    Tenor trombone in B-flat (high pitch). Brass. Dual bore type. No tuning slide. The instrument is constructed like an ordinary slide trombone, but the bell branch is conoidal for a greater length and bent in a semi-circle. Instead of a regular bell there is a head of a dragon with wide- open jaws: the jaws, the forked tongue, and the mouth cavity were orginally painted bright red; the head was a bright olive-green, much gilded. Silverplated cup mouthpiece. German silver stockings on the inner slides.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 110 cm (43 5/16 in.)

    Medium

    Brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.2012

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    Musical Instruments

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  • Tenor trombone (buccin)

    about 1830

    Description
    Details

    Medium

    Brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1974.56

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  • Tenor trombone (over-shoulder model)

    about 1840

    Frans Joseph Van Engelen, Belgian, 1785–1853 Belgian

    Description

    Tenor in B-flat (high pitch). Brass 'bell over shoulder' model. Double bore type. Made in four parts: inner slide branch, slide, bell branch (which has two bends and is turned upward), and a tuning slide in the bell branch. The mouthpiece has a semi-ellipsoidal cup.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 128 cm (50 3/8 in.)

    Medium

    Brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.2011

    Collections

    Europe , Musical Instruments

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  • Tenor trombone

    about 1890

    Fontaine-Besson, French, active after 1880–after 1950 French

    Description

    Tenor in B-flat (high pitch). Combination slide and valve model. Brass. Cylindro-conoidal bore. Made essentially in two parts: (1) the body of the instrument, including the piston valve, valve crook, and inner slides; (2) the outer slide. German silver stockings on the ends of the inner slides. The mouthpiece has a deep conical cup.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 55 cm (21 5/8 in.)

    Medium

    Brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.2010

    Collections

    Europe , Musical Instruments

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  • Tenor trombone

    about 1890

    Boston Musical Instrument Manufactory, American, active...

    Description

    Cylindro-conoidal bore. Made in four parts: inner slide branch, slide, bell branch, and adjustable tuning shank (with knurled screw) between bell and slide. Nickel silver stockings at ends of inner slide. Mouthpiece missing.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 113 cm (44 1/2 in.)

    Medium

    Brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1996.116

    Collections

    Americas , Musical Instruments

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  • Alto trombone

    late 19th century

    Description

    Alto in F. Brass. Cylindro-conoidal bore. Made in four parts: inner slide brach, slide, bell branch, and a tuning slide in the bell branch. The mouthpiece has a deep conical cup. German silver stockings on the ends of the inner slides.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 72 cm (28 3/8 in.)

    Medium

    Brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.2007

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    Musical Instruments

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  • Tenor trombone

    late 19th century

    Description

    Tenor in C. Brass. Cylindro-conoidal bore. Made in four parts: inner slide branch, slide, bell branch, and a tuning slide in the bell branch. The mouthpiece has a semi-ellipsoidal cup.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 94.5 cm (37 3/16 in.)

    Medium

    Brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.2008

    Collections

    Musical Instruments

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  • Bass trombone

    late 19th century

    Description

    Bass in G (high pitch). Brass. Cylindro-conoidal bore. Made in three parts: inner slide, branch slide, and a bell branch. The lower slide has an extension over which the bell branch is moved axially for tuning; the bell lock keeps the bell branch in place. The slide is furnished with a swivel extension handle ('crutch') to enable the player to reach the lower positions.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 137 cm (53 15/16 in.)

    Medium

    Brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.2009

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    Musical Instruments

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  • Tenor horn in E-flat

    about 1870–80

    Isaac Fiske, American, 1820–1894 American

    Description

    Body of brass plated with nickel silver, in upright form. Three rotary valves of type with vertical rods and finger buttons, patented in 1866 by Fiske. Mouthpiece missing

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 54.9 cm (21 5/8 in.)

    Medium

    Nickel-plated brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1996.114

    Collections

    Americas , Musical Instruments

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  • Double-belled euphonium

    1921

    C. G. Conn Ltd., American, active early 20th century American

    Description

    Body of gold-plated brass with two removable, forward-pointing bells. Custom, free-hand engraving on larger bell, consisting of American eagle, horned mythological figure, stag, dogwood flowers, acanthus leaves, and scrolling patterns. Five valves with pearl-covered touchpieces. Period mouthpiece of nickel-plated brass. Original hard-shell case.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 76.2 cm (30 in.)

    Medium

    Gold-plated brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    2002.61

    Collections

    Americas , Musical Instruments

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  • Bass tuba in B-flat (over-shoulder form)

    1850–60

    Graves & Co., American, active 1824–1869 American

    Description

    Body of nickel silver in "over-shoulder" form. Four rotary valves. Pig-tail crook and old (possibly original) mouthpiece. Period homemade case of pine.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 105.7 cm (41 5/8 in.)

    Medium

    Nickel silver

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1996.111

    Collections

    Americas , Musical Instruments

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  • Bass tuba in E-flat

    1864–66

    Gilmore, Graves & Co., American, active 1864–1866 American

    Description

    Body of nickel silver in upright form. Three rotary valves. Old (possibly original) mouthpiece.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 116.8 cm (46 in.)

    Medium

    Nickel silver

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1996.112

    Collections

    Americas , Musical Instruments

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  • Bass tuba in B-flat (helicon form)

    1871–76

    Hall & Quinby, American, active 1866–1875 American

    Description

    Body of nickel silver in circular ("helicon") form. Three rotary valves of type with oval windways designed about 1850 by Joseph Lathrop Allen (Boston.) Mouthpiece missing.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 88 cm (34 5/8 in.)

    Medium

    Nickel silver

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1996.113

    Collections

    Americas , Musical Instruments

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  • Mute cornett

    possibly 17th century

    Description

    In C. Made of an antelope's horn with an integral conoidal mouthpiece bored in the solid part of the tip of the horn. Six finger-holes in the front with countersunk edges provide cup-shaped orifices for the finger tips and insure adequate stopping. No trimmings nor embellishments of any kind.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 45.4 cm (17 7/8 in.)

    Medium

    Antelope horn

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1953

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    Musical Instruments

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  • Watchman's horn

    19th century

    Description

    Made of a twisted ox-horn; a brass bell and a brass band in the upper end; tipped at the small end with a brass ferrule. The hemispherical cup mouthpiece is of horn.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 85 cm (33 7/16 in.)

    Medium

    Oxhorn, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1966

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    Musical Instruments

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  • Forester's horn

    19th century

    Description

    Made of ox-horn without mounts. No mouthpiece; the embouchure is formed by the sawing off of the horn tip.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 40 cm (15 3/4 in.)

    Medium

    Oxhorn

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1965

    Collections

    Musical Instruments

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  • Forester's horn

    19th century

    Description

    Made of a cow's horn; German silver bell, two hoops with eyelets for a chord, a mouthpipe of German silver with a fixed cup-shaped mouthpiece of ivory. Raised stamping of a leaping deer on ond side.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 36 cm (14 3/16 in.)

    Medium

    Cowhorn, nickel silver

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1979

    Collections

    Musical Instruments

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  • Trumpet (shofar)

    19th century

    Description

    Made of a ram's horn, straightened out and flattened; a scalloped opening edge. Engraved zigzags in three wavy, parallel lines. The integral mouthpiece of oval conoidal shape is carved out of the cut-off tip of the horn.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 33.5 cm (13 3/16 in.)

    Medium

    Ramhorn

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1961

    Collections

    Musical Instruments

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  • Bockhorn

    19th century

    Description

    Made of a goat's horn. Mounted with a brass band near the bell. Four equally spaced finger-holes. Irregular oval shaped integral mouthpiece carved in the small end and similar to that of the [MFA's] shofar [no. 17.1961]. Irregular initial bore of circular shape with two slots filed diametrically opposite one another.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 26.5 cm (10 7/16 in.)

    Medium

    Cow or goathorn

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1963

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    Musical Instruments

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  • Trumpet (oliphant)

    19th century

    Description

    Ivory hunting horn. Irregular bore with a wooden pierced plug located 25 cm. from the bell opening. Made of an elephant's tusk, richly carved with hunting scenes and the conversion of St. Eustace. Hemispherical cup mouthpiece of ivory with small orifice and conoidal backbore.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 99 cm (39 in.)

    Medium

    Ivory

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1962

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    Musical Instruments

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  • Trumpet

    late 19th century

    Description

    Made of greenish-white glass. Cylindro-conoidal bore with flaring bell. The approximate tonality is B-flat.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 72 cm (28 3/8 in.)

    Medium

    Glass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1978

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    Musical Instruments

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  • Trumpet

    late 19th century

    Description

    Made of ivory-colored celluloid. Integral cup-mouthpiece. The tonality is, approximately, G-sharp.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 55 cm (21 5/8 in.)

    Medium

    Plastic

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1980

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  • Trumpet (büchel)

    19th century

    Description
    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 98 cm (38 9/16 in.)

    Medium

    Pine, birch bark

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1998

    Collections

    Musical Instruments

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  • Trumpet (büchel)

    1900–50

    Description
    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 84 cm (33 1/16 in.)

    Medium

    Wood, birch bark

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1989.698

    Collections

    Musical Instruments

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  • Näverlur

    1971

    Rune Selén, Swedish Swedish

    Description
    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 130.9 cm (51 9/16 in.)

    Medium

    Wood, birch bark

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1977.78

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  • Lur (after Danish example, about 1000 B.C.)

    late 19th century

    Probably by Victor-Charles Mahillon, Belgian, 1841–1924 Belgian

    Description

    Bronze. Conoidal bore. Made in two principal parts, each part consisting of three joints fastened by ferrules. Cup-shaped mouthpiece. The bell end is embellished by a disc with eight hemispherical indentations; five pendants on rings near the mouthpiece. The original of this instrument was found in an excavation of remnants of the Bronze Age in peat beds in Denmark and is now preserved in the Royal Museum of Antiquities of the North in Copenhagen.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 119 cm (46 7/8 in.)

    Medium

    Bronze

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1968

    Collections

    Europe , Musical Instruments

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  • Lituus (after ancient Roman type)

    late 19th century

    Probably by Victor-Charles Mahillon, Belgian, 1841–1924 Belgian

    Description

    Reproduction of a Roman calvary trumpet. Cylindro-conoidal bore. Copper, with brass mouthpiece. The approximate tonality is G. The conoidal part of the tube is curved up, forming a rimless bell. The original of the instrument is preserved in the Vatican Museum in Rome and was found in the tomb of a warrior excavated in 1827 in Cervetere, Italy, formerly Caere of the Etruscans.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 163 cm (64 3/16 in.)

    Medium

    Copper

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1991

    Collections

    Europe , Musical Instruments

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  • Buccina (after 1st-century B.C. Pompeiian type)

    late 19th century

    Description

    Conoidal bore. Brass. The tube is bent into a G-shape in the same plane. Cup-shaped mouthpiece; moderately flaring bell. The instrument is braced with a turned wooden rod. The original of this instrument was found in an excavation in Pompeii and is now preserved in the National Museum in Naples.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 132 cm (51 15/16 in.)

    Medium

    Brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1967

    Collections

    Musical Instruments

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  • Trumpet (buisine [pastiche])

    late 19th century

    Probably by Leopoldo Franciolini, Italian, 1844–1920 Italian

    Description

    Alto in D. Cylindro-conoidal bore. Brass. The tube is made in five parts with the joints reinforced by engraved brass bands. Finely engraved bulb located 30 cm. from the bell. The rim of the bell is reinforced by a wide band with a scalloped top. A loop in the lower half for a banner. Brass mouthpiece (not original).

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 102 cm (40 3/16 in.)

    Medium

    Brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1990

    Collections

    Europe , Musical Instruments

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  • Cornetto (after 17th-century type)

    late 19th century

    Probably by Francis William Galpin, English, 1858–1945 English

    Description

    In A. The lowest tone is a. Made from two slabs of wood, the curved conoidal bore carved in halves which have been fastened together and covered by black leather. The outside of the tube is of irregular, octagonal cross-section. Six finger-holes in the front; a thumb-hole in the rear. The mouthpiece is lost.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 58 cm (22 13/16 in.)

    Medium

    Wood, leather

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1949

    Collections

    Europe , Musical Instruments

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  • Tenor cornett (after 17th-century type)

    late 19th century

    Probably by Francis William Galpin, English, 1858–1945 English

    Description

    In C. The lowest tone is c. Made from two slabs of wood, the currved conoidal bore carved in halves which have been fastened together and covered by black leather. The tube is bent twice in the form of the letter S. Ivory tip at the small end. Six finger-holes in the front, and seventh hole stopped by a square brass key with a double touch-piece; a thumb-hole in the rear. The mouthpiece is lost.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 91 cm (35 13/16 in.)

    Medium

    Wood, leather, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1950

    Collections

    Europe , Musical Instruments

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Contents