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Clarinets, Saxophones, and Related Instruments

  • Clarinets, Saxophones, and Related Instruments - Slide

  • Clarinet in B-flat

    about 1780–90

    Heinrich Carl Tölcke, 1720–1798

    Description

    Boxwood body in four parts: barrel, upper and lower body, and bell. No ferrules. Mouthpiece of ebony. Seven fingerholes and one thumbhole. Six square keys (Young type F) of brass (e, f-sharp, g-sharp, a', a-shake', and speaker), mounted on rings and blocks with springs attached to keys. Pitched in B-flat.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 66.2. cm (26 1/16 in.)

    Medium

    Boxwood, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1875

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    Musical Instruments

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  • Clarinet in A and B-flat

    about 1794

    Michel Amlingue, French, active 1782–after 1830 French

    Description

    Music: Du Sieur Abraham from Nouveaux recueils pour une clarinette seule by Abraham, about 1789 (performed by Diane Heffner)

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 71.7 cm (28 1/4 in.) with A sections; 68.3 cm (26 7/8 in.) with sections

    Medium

    Ebony, ivory, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    38.1750

    Collections

    Europe , Musical Instruments

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  • Clarinet in A

    about 1800–10

    Bland & Weller, English, active about 1792–about 1818 English

    Description

    In A. Boxwood, stained light yellow-brown. Ivory rings. Blackwood mouthpiece. Made in six parts: mouthpiece, barrel, upper, lower, and middle bodyjoints, and bell. Seven fingerholes and one thumbhole. Five square keys (Young type A) of brass (e, f-sharp, g-sharp, a', and speaker), mounted on rings with SATK. Blackwood mouthpiece cover (not original).

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 68.4 cm (26 15/16 in.)

    Medium

    Boxwood, ivory, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1874

    Collections

    Europe , Musical Instruments

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  • Clarinet in C

    about 1815

    Hermann Wrede, active 1810–1857

    Description

    In C. Boxwood, varnished light yellow-brown. Ivory rings. Blackwood mouthpiece with boxwood cover. Made in six parts: mouthpiece, barrel, upper, middle, and lower bodyjoints, and bell. Seven fingerholes and one thumbhole. Six square keys (Young type A) of brass (e, f-sharp, g-sharp, a', a-shake', and speaker), mounted on rings and blocks with SATK. Mahogany-veneered case with black cloth lining (held in place by brass tacks), three used reeds, and three strips of manuscript music.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 57.9 cm (22 13/16 in.)

    Medium

    Boxwood, ivory, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1975.348

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  • Clarinet in C

    about 1815

    Harley Hosford, American, died in 1822 American

    Description

    In C. Boxwood, varnished light yellow-brown. Ivory rings. Blackwood mouthpiece with boxwood cover. Made in six parts: mouthpiece, barrel, upper, middle and lower bodyjoints, and bell. Seven fingerholes and one thumbhole. Five square keys (Young type A) of brass (e, f-sharp, g-sharp, a', and speaker), mounted on rings with SATK.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 59.5 cm (23 7/16 in.)

    Medium

    Boxwood, ivory, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1977.69

    Collections

    Americas , Musical Instruments

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  • Clarinet in C

    about 1820

    Clementi & Co., English, active 1802–1831 English

    Description

    Music: Excerpt from Andante from Concerto No. 2 in G by John Mahon, about 1775 (performed by Diane Heffner)

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 59.1 cm (23 1/4 in.)

    Medium

    Boxwood, ivory, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    66.1131

    Collections

    Europe , Musical Instruments

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  • Clarinet in C

    about 1825

    Distributed by Klemm & Brothers, American, 1819–about 1880...

    Description

    In C. Boxwood, varnished medium brown. Horn rings. Cocuswood (?) mouthpiece (later). Seven fingerholes and one thumbhole. Five square keys (Young type A) of brass (e, f-sharp, g-sharp, a', and speaker), mounted on blocks with SATK.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 59.1 cm (23 1/4 in.)

    Medium

    Boxwood, horn, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1973.157

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  • Clarinet in C

    about 1830

    Distributed by Klemm & Brothers, American, 1819–about 1880...

    Description

    In C. Boxwood varnished light brown. Ivory rings. Blackwood mouthpiece (later) with boxwood cover. Made in six parts: mouthpiece, barrel, upper, middle, and lower bodyjoints, and bell. Seven fingerholes and one thumbhole. Six round keys (Young type S) of brass (e, f-sharp, g-sharp, c-sharp', a', and speaker), mounted on blocks with SATK.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 58 cm (22 13/16 in.)

    Medium

    Boxwood, ivory, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1975.28

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  • Clarinet in B-flat

    1823–50

    Benjamin S. Clemens, American, active 1823–1850 American

    Description

    In B-flat. Boxwood, varnished light yellow-brown. Ivory rings. Blackwood mouthpiece. Made in six parts: mouthpiece, barrel, upper, middle, and lower bodyjoints, and bell. Seven fingerholes and one thumbhole. Five square keys (Young type A) of brass (e, f-sharp, g-sharp, a', and speaker), mounted on rings with SATK.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 67.2 cm (26 7/16 in.)

    Medium

    Boxwood, ivory, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1991.775

    Collections

    Americas , Musical Instruments

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  • Clarinet in B-flat

    about 1830

    William Whiteley, American, 1789–1871 American

    Description

    In B-flat. Boxwood, varnished light yellow-brown. Ivory rings. Blackwood mouthpiece (later). Made in six parts: mouthpiece, barrel, upper, middle, and lower bodyjoints, and bell. Seven fingerholes and one thumbhole. Eight round keys (Young type S) of brass (e, f-sharp, g-sharp, c-sharp', g-sharp', a', a- shake', and speaker), mounted on blocks with SATK. Old (original?) wood case.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 66.5 cm (26 3/16 in.)

    Medium

    Boxwood, ivory, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1982.328

    Collections

    Americas , Musical Instruments

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  • Clarinet in C

    about 1835

    Graves & Co., American, active 1824–1869 American

    Description

    In C. Boxwood, varnished dark brown. Ivory rings. Cocuswood mouthpiece. Made in six parts: mouthpiece, barrel, upper, middle, and lower bodyjoints, and bell. Seven fingerholes and one thumbhole. Six round keys (Young type S) of brass (e, f-sharp, g-sharp, a', a-shake', and speaker), mounted on blocks with SATK. Used reed and old string for tying on.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 59.9 cm (23 9/16 in.)

    Medium

    Boxwood, ivory, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1983.260

    Collections

    Americas , Musical Instruments

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  • Clarinet in C

    1830–45

    Distributed by Henry H. Prentiss, American, 1801–1860 American

    Description

    In C. Boxwood, varnished light yellow-brown. Ivory rings. Cocuswood mouthpiece (later). Made in six parts: mouthpiece, barrel, upper, middle, and lower bodyjoints, and bell. Seven fingerholes and one thumbhole. Twelve domed keys of brass (e, f-sharp, g-sharp, b-flat, b, c-sharp', e-flat', f', g- sharp', a', a-shake', and speaker), mounted on blocks with SATK.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 57.9 cm (22 13/16 in.)

    Medium

    Boxwood, ivory, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1979.536

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  • Clarinet in B-flat

    about 1880

    Rivière & Hawkes, English, 1876–1889 English

    Description

    In B-flat. Varnished rosewood. Nickel-silver rings. Rosewood mouthpiece and cap. Made in five parts: mouthpiece, barrel, upper and lower bodyjoints, and bell. Six fingerholes and one thumbhole. Thirteen cupped keys of nickel silver (e, f, f-sharp, g-sharp, b-flat, b, c'-sharp, e'-flat, f', g-sharp', a', a-shake', and speaker, mounted on posts.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 67.2 cm (26 7/16 in.)

    Medium

    Rosewood, nickel silver

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1877

    Collections

    Europe , Musical Instruments

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  • Clarinet in B-flat (Albert system)

    1930

    Buffet-Crampon & Cie, French, active 1859–1981 French

    Description

    In B-flat (high-pitch). Varnished blackwood. Nickel silver rings, keys, ligature, and mouthpiece cover. Blackwood mouthpiece. Made in five parts: mouthpiece, barrel, upper and lower bodyjoint, and bell. Six fingerholes and one thumbhole. Albert system. Leather storage bag.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 64.4 cm (25 3/8 in.)

    Medium

    Blackwood, nickel silver

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1986.801

    Collections

    Europe , Musical Instruments

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  • Clarinet in B-flat (Mazzeo system)

    about 1920; modified about 1955

    Henri Selmer & Cie, French, 1885–after 1950 French

    Description

    In B-flat. Varnished blackwood. Nickel silver rings, keys, ligature, and mouthpiece cover. Plastic mouthpiece. Made in five parts: mouthpiece, barrel upper and lower bodyjoints, and bell. Original 1920s body modified about 1955 to full-Boehm system keywork and rimless bell (Mazzeo system). Extra barrel and hardshell fitted case.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 70.9 cm (27 15/16 in.)

    Medium

    Blackwood, nickel silver

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1986.679

    Collections

    Europe , Musical Instruments

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  • Clarinet in A (Mazzeo system)

    about 1920; modified about 1955

    Henri Selmer & Cie, French, 1885–after 1950 French

    Description

    In A. Varnished blackwood. Nickel silver rings and keys. Mouthpiece missing. Made in five parts: mouthpiece, barrel, upper and lower bodyjoints, and bell. Original 1920s body modified about 1955 to full Boehm-system keywork and rimless bell (Mazzeo system). Extra barrel and hardshell fitted case.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 74.5 cm (29 5/16 in.)

    Medium

    Blackwood, nickel silver

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1986.680

    Collections

    Europe , Musical Instruments

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  • Clarinet in E-flat

    about 1800

    Goulding & Co., English, about 1786–1834 English

    Description

    Body of boxwood in five parts: barrel, upper, middle, and lower body, and bell. Ferrules of ivory. Mouthpiece of ebony. Six fingerholes and one thumbhole. Five square keys (Young type F) of brass (e, f-sharp, g-sharp, a', a-shake', and speaker), mounted on blocks with springs attached to keys. Pitched in E-flat.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 49.1 cm (19 5/16 in.)

    Medium

    Boxwood, ivory, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1873

    Collections

    Europe , Musical Instruments

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  • Clarinet in E-flat

    about 1840–50

    Description

    In E-flat. Boxwood, varnished light orange-brown. Horn rings. Blackwood mouthpiece. Made in five parts: mouthpiece, barrel, upper and lower bodyjoints, and bell. Seven fingerholes and one thumbhole. Eight round keys (Young type S) of brass (e, f-sharp, g-sharp, c-sharp', g-sharp', a', a- shake', and speaker), mounted on blocks with SATK. Used reed tied on with old string.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 47.3 cm (18 5/8 in.)

    Medium

    Boxwood, horn, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1982.133

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  • Basset-horn in F

    1791

    Jakob Friedrich Grundmann, German, 1727–1800 German

    Description

    In F. Boxwood, stained light yellow-brown. Horn rings. Brass bell. Cocuswood mouthpiece (later). Made in seven parts: mouthpiece, barrel (bent backward), upper bodyjoint, knee (120-degree bend), lower bodyjoint, kasten, and bell. Six fingerholes and one thumbhole. Seven square keys (Young type C) of brass (c, e, f-sharp, f, g-sharp, a', and speaker), mounted on rings with SATK.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Approximate length of air column 110 cm (43 5/16 in.)

    Medium

    Boxwood, horn, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1881

    Collections

    Europe , Musical Instruments

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  • Basset-horn in F

    about 1810–18

    Raymund Griesbacher, Austrian, 1751 or 1752–1818 Austrian

    Description

    In F. Boxwood, varnished dark brown. Ivory rings and mouthpiece (later). Brass bell. Made in eight parts: mouthpiece, barrel, upper bodyjoint, knee (120-degree bend), middle and lower bodyjoints, kasten, and bell. Six fingerholes (the third doubled) and one thumbhole. Eight original square keys Young tyep A) of brass (c, d, e, f, f-sharp, g-sharp, a' and speaker), mounted on rings brass saddles with SATK. Six later keys (b-flat, b, c-sharp', e- flat', f', and g-sharp'), mounted on brass saddles with SATK.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Approximate length of air column 110 cm (43 5/16 in.)

    Medium

    Boxwood, ivory, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1882

    Collections

    Europe , Musical Instruments

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  • Basset-horn in E-flat

    about 1820

    Grenser & Wiesner, German, 1817–1826 German

    Description

    In E-flat. Boxwood, varnished dark brown. Ivory rings. Horn knee. Brass bell. Cocuswood mouthpiece (later). Made in seven parts: mouthpiece, barrel (later), upper bodyjoint, knee (120-degree bend), lower bodyjoint, kasten, and bell. Six fingerholes and one thumbhole. Sixteen square keys (Young type C) of brass (c, c-sharp, d, e-flat, f, f-sharp, g-sharp, b-flat, b, c-sharp', e- flat', f', g-sharp, a', and speaker), mounted on rings, blocks, and brass saddles. At least five keys (b-flat, b, c-sharp', e-flat', and f'), mounted on brass saddles, appear to be later.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Approximate length of air column 118.5 cm (46 5/8 in.)

    Medium

    Boxwood, horn, ivory, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1883

    Collections

    Europe , Musical Instruments

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  • Bass clarinet in C

    about 1820

    Nicola Papalini, Italian, active about 1800–1825 Italian

    Description

    In C. Pearwood, varnished dark brown. Horn rings. Rosewood mouthpiece (later). Made in five parts: mouthpiece, crook, barrel, body, and bell. The body is carved from two separate slabs to make possible the forming of the bore of serpentine shape; the halves are glued together and fastened by iron pins. Nine fingerholes in the front (the second and eighth doubled; the first and fifth stopped by the middle joints of the fingers) two thumbholes, and one venthole in bell. Five square keys (Young type A) of brass (e, f#, g#, a', and speaker), mounted on blocks with springs attached to keys.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 68 cm (26 3/4 in.)

    Medium

    Pearwood, horn, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1879

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    Europe , Musical Instruments

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  • Alto clarinet in F

    about 1830–35

    Thomas Key, active 1800–1853

    Description

    In F. Boxwood, varnished dark brown. Ivory rings and mouthpiece. Made in six parts: mouthpiece, curved brass crook, upper, middle, and lower bodyjoints, and bell. Six fingerholes and one thumb hole. Ten original square keys (Young type A) of brass (e, f, f-sharp, g-sharp, b, c-sharp', e- flat', a', a-shake', and speaker), mounted on blocks with SATK. Three later keys (b-flat', f', and g-sharp'), mounted on brass saddles with SATK.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 87 cm (34 1/4 in.)

    Medium

    Boxwood, ivory, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1878

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  • Bass clarinet in B-flat

    late 19th century

    Description

    In B-flat. Boxwood, varnished dark brown. Nickel silver rings, gooseneck crook, and bell. Made in five parts: mouthpiece, crook, upper bodyjoint, buttjoint, and bell (turned upward and outward). Seven fingerholes (the third and fourth stopped by open-standing keys) and one thumbhole. Twenty cupped keys of nickel silver (c, c-sharp, d, e-flat, e,, f, f-sharp, g-sharp, b-flat b X 2, c', c-sharp', e-flat', f' x 2, g-sharp', a', a-shake', and speaker), mounted on posts and hinge tubes.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Approximate length of air column 155 cm (61 in.)

    Medium

    Boxwood, nickel silver

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1880

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  • Alto saxophone

    about 1848

    Adolphe Sax, French (born in Belgium), 1814–1894 French

    Description

    Alto in E-flat. Conoidal tube of brass with downward bent mouth-pipe and upturned bell; detachable mouthpiece. Eighteen tone-holes of various diameters covered by keys with chamois pads. Two independent octave keys.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Approximate length of air column 105 cm (41 5/16 in.)

    Medium

    Brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1889

    Collections

    Europe , Musical Instruments

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  • Chalumeau (after 18th-century type)

    late 19th century

    Probably by Francis William Galpin, English, 1858–1945

    Description

    Walnut, stained brown. Made in two parts: mouthpiece and body. Eight fingerholes (one stopped with wax) and one thumbhole.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 25 cm (9 13/16 in.)

    Medium

    Walnut

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1870

    Collections

    Europe , Musical Instruments

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  • Chalumeau (after Johann Christoph Denner, early 18th century)

    late 19th century

    Probably by Francis William Galpin, English, 1858–1945

    Description

    In C. Maple stained dark brown. Made in three parts: long mouthpiece, bodyjoint, and bell. Seven fingerholes (the lowest doubled) and one thumbhole. Two square keys (Young type A) of brass (a' and b'), mounted on rings with SATK. Mouthpiece cover. The original of this instrument is in the Bavarian National Museum, in Munich.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 49.5 cm (19 1/2 in.)

    Medium

    Maple

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1871

    Collections

    Europe , Musical Instruments

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  • Clarinet (after Jacob Denner, early 18th century)

    late 19th century

    Probably by Francis William Galpin, English, 1858–1945

    Description

    In C. Oiled walnut. Made in three parts: long mouthpiece, bodyjoint, and bell. Seven fingerholes (the lowest on bell) and one thumbhole. Two square keys (Young type A) of brass (a' and b-flat'), mounted on rings with SATW. The original of this instrument is in the Museé Instrumental in Brussels, no. 912 in the catalog by Mahillion.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 59.4 cm (23 3/8 in.)

    Medium

    Walnut

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1872

    Collections

    Europe , Musical Instruments

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