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Harmonicas, Accordions, and Related Instruments

  • Harmonicas, Accordions, and Related Instruments - Slide

  • Pitch pipe

    about 1820–30

    James Amireaux Bazin (American, 1798–1883 American)

    Description

    Outer sleeve of brass with free reed; one side marked with graduations for notes D, F, A, and C, plus intermediate hash marks for five other notes. Sliding inner sleeve of brass with arm to stop free reed at various points, thus altering pitch. Includes original black paperboard case.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 6 cm, width 1 cm, depth 0.8 cm (Length 2 3/8 in., width 3/8 in., depth 5/16 in.)

    Medium

    Brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    2002.182

    Collections

    Americas, Musical Instruments

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  • Mouth organ (symphonium)

    about 1830

    Charles Wheatstone (English, 1802–1875 English)

    Description

    Rectangular body of nickel silver standing on four out-turned legs. Front and back engraved with foliate decoration. Oval embouchure hole lined with ivory bushing. Eleven ivory-tipped buttons (six on proper right side and five on proper left) open valves for free reeds when depressed. Compass of g1 to c3 (eleven notes in diatonic scale). Pitch of A=425 cps. Original fitted case lined with red velvet and white silk; exterior covered with red leather.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Height 5.4 cm, width 5.5 cm, depth 2.3 cm (Height 2 1/8 in., width 2 3/16 in., depth 7/8 in.)

    Medium

    Nickel silver, ivory

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1996.115

    Collections

    Europe, Musical Instruments

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  • Mouth organ (harmonica)

    about 1830–40

    James Amireaux Bazin (American, 1798–1883 American)

    Description

    Conical body of copper, painted dark green, with rectangular chamber soldered to side to receive removable reed cartridge. Cap of silver cap attached to wide end, perforated by two square holes. Reed cartridge comprised of seventeen square-section cells of brass, each containing free reed except end cells, which are dummies. Compass of b to b2 (fifteen notes in diatonic scale). Pitch of A=433-438 cps. Missing sliding mouthpiece.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 9.4 cm, width 5.7 cm, thickness 3.1 cm (Length 3 11/16 in., width 2 1/4 in., thickness 1 1/4 in.)

    Medium

    Copper, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1995.87

    Collections

    Americas, Musical Instruments

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  • Mouth organ (harmoni-cor)

    about 1865

    Louis Julien Jaulin (French, active mid-19th century French)

    Description

    Music: Allegro, from Harmonicor-Jaulin Instrument Nouveau Methode by Giacomo Ferraris (performed by Darcy Kuronen)

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 55.8 cm, bell diameter 6.5 cm (Length 21 15/16 in., bell diameter 2 9/16 in.)

    Medium

    Mahogany, ebony, ivory, silver-plated brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    2005.208

    Collections

    Europe, Musical Instruments

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  • Mouth organ (chromatic harmonica)

    about 1925

    Koch (German, active early 20th century German)

    Description
    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 23.8 cm, width 5 cm, thickness 2.1 cm (Length 9 3/8 in., width 1 15/16 in., thickness 13/16 in.)

    Medium

    Wood, metal

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1984.310

    Collections

    Europe, Musical Instruments

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  • Mouth organ (harmonica)

    about 1910

    F. A. Böhm (German, active early 20th century German)

    Description

    Wedge-shaped oblong block of wood, containing set of free reeds giving 32 chromatic tones. Protected on both sides by segment-shaped metal shields; metal bell at larger end.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 15 cm, width 5.7 cm (Length 5 7/8 in., width 2 1/4 in.)

    Medium

    Wood, nickel silver

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1741

    Collections

    Europe, Musical Instruments

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  • Automatic harmonica (Rolmonica)

    about 1930–40

    Rolmonica Music Co. (American, about 1925–? American)

    Description
    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 10 cm, width 9 cm, thickness 4 cm (Length 3 15/16 in., width 3 9/16 in., thickness 1 9/16 in.)

    Medium

    Bakelite plastic

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1984.311.1-6

    Collections

    Americas, Musical Instruments

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  • Concertina

    about 1844

    Charles Wheatstone (English, 1802–1875 English)

    Description
    Details

    Dimensions

    Overall: 12.1 x 17.8 x 15.9 cm (4 3/4 x 7 x 6 1/4 in.)

    Medium

    Rosewood, bone, nickel silver, leather, paper

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    2005.124

    Collections

    Europe, Musical Instruments

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  • Concertina

    about 1865

    Cramer & Co. (English, founded about 1863 English)

    Description

    Hexagonal rosewood case with ornamentally perforated covers. Green leather bellows (four-fold). Two thumb-straps for holding. Twenty- four touches on either side. The reeds for each tone are doubled and are located on either side of the reed diaphragms, so that a continuous tone for a note is provided for either motion of the bellows.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Width 15.6 cm, thickness with bellows compressed 11.3 cm (Width 6 1/8 in., thickness with bellows compressed 4 7/16 in.)

    Medium

    Rosewood, leather, paper

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1945

    Collections

    Europe, Musical Instruments

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  • Accordion

    about 1840–50

    Constant Busson (French, active 1835–after 1892 French)

    Description
    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 29.7 cm, width 11.7 cm, depth with bellows compressed 9.8 cm (Length 11 11/16 in., width 4 5/8 in., depth with bellows compressed 3 7/8 in.)

    Medium

    Rosewood, mother-of-pearl, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1998.100

    Collections

    Europe, Musical Instruments

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  • Accordion

    about 1860

    Description

    Includes original fiberboard box and period instruction booklet.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Overall: 16 x 38 x 13.5 cm (6 5/16 x 14 15/16 x 5 5/16 in.)

    Medium

    Wood, mother-of-pearl, paper

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    2006.817

    Collections

    Musical Instruments

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  • Accordion

    about 1860

    Description

    Rectangular rosewood-veneered case. Five-fold pasteboard bellows covered with colored paper in floral pattern. Twenty-six round mother-of-pearl valve covers with rectangular mother-of-pearl touchpieces, arranged in two rows. Two bass keys with long levers for the right hand; two bass keys for the left hand. ?-valve and lever broken off. Includes stained softwood case lined with floral-pattern textile; a loose scarf inside.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 30.8 cm, width 13.2 cm, depth with bellows compressed 12.2 cm (Length 12 1/8 in., width 5 3/16 in., depth with bellows compressed 4 13/16 in.)

    Medium

    Rosewood

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1975.391

    Collections

    Musical Instruments

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  • Accordion

    about 1860

    Distributed by Keith, Prowse & Co. (English, 1829 or 1831–after...

    Description

    Rectangular wooden case decorated with wooden scrolls. Five- fold pasteboard bellows. Twenty-three [ed. - twenty-four] touches arranged in two rows with mother-of-pearl linings; round pearl keys. The basses are arranged on both sides: the right-hand basses (2) have long levers and are operated by the finger-joints; the left-hand basses are arranged for operation by the thumb and the ring and middle fingers.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 38.9 cm, width 12.6 cm, depth with bellows compressed 19.7 cm (Length 15 5/16 in., width 4 15/16 in., depth with bellows compressed 7 3/4 in.)

    Medium

    Ebonized wood

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1946

    Collections

    Musical Instruments

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  • Mélophone

    about 1845

    Charles Alexandre Pellerin (French, active mid-19th century French)

    Description

    Compass from B-e''', with the additional tones G, G-sharp, A, and A-sharp for octaves. A guitar-shaped case of bird's-eye maple, containing a double bellows operated by a handle affixed to two plunger rods. On the top of this case is a cover of the same shape, but smaller, with ribs of bird's- eye maple and belly of spruce with two F-holes as on a violin. The cover protects the valve mechanism, consisting of eighty-three valves with operating levers, springs, and control wires located on the top of the air chamber; the later is split in two parts held by six hinged screws with wing- nuts, thus permitting easy access to the reeds and air valves. There is a short neck with a small decorative scroll affixed to the air chamber. On the front surface of the neck are eighty-four semicircular touches of German silver, spaced by a perforated plate into seven longitudinal rows, each containing twelve touches. An octave coupling lever is at the back of the neck. An old, probably original wood case is associated with the instrument. For a longer and more detailed description by Darcy Kuronen, see the instrument file.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 77.6 cm, width 30.3 cm, depth 12 cm (Length 30 9/16 in., width 11 15/16 in., depth 4 3/4 in.)

    Medium

    Maple

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1947

    Collections

    Europe, Musical Instruments

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  • Melodeon (lap organ)

    about 1840

    Abraham Prescott (American, 1789–1858 American)

    Description

    Compass F to a''. Rectangular walnut case with double bellows. Two removable maple covers with slides for the contrasting forte and piano effects; the slides are moved by a sliding lever.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 47.7 cm, width 26.1 cm, height with bellows compressed 12 cm (Length 18 3/4 in., width 10 1/4 in., height with bellows compressed 4 3/4 in.)

    Medium

    Rosewood

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    64.2377

    Collections

    Americas, Musical Instruments

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  • Melodeon (lap organ)

    about 1850

    Charles Austin (American, 1813–1884 American)

    Description

    Compass from F to a''. Rectangular wooden case with double bellows. The bellows are divided diagonally by a thick wooden diaphragm into two chambers. The lower (left-hand) chamber serves as the primary bellows (feeder) and the upper (right-hand) chamber as a combined wind-chest and pressure increaser. The lower chamber has double flat steel spring; the upper chamber has a single flat steel spring. Two strip valves in the lower chamber, one strip valve in the upper chamber. The reed-frame serves as a cover for the upper chamber and the reed carrier. The reed are protected by two removable covers with slides for the contrasting forte and piano effects; the slides are moved by a sliding lever. The touches are round ivory buttons disposed in two rows: the one nearest the player has twenty-four touches and corresponds to the naturals on the piano; the second row, with a black circle on the top of each touch, has seventeen touches corresponding to the sharps. Between the touches there is a printed paper strip with the letters of the tones.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 47.7 cm, width 25.9 cm, height with bellows compressed 11.8 cm (Length 18 3/4 in., width 10 3/16 in., height with bellows compressed 4 5/8 in.)

    Medium

    Rosewood

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1948

    Collections

    Americas, Musical Instruments

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  • Melodeon (lap organ)

    about 1845

    Daniel B. Bartlett (active 1844–1848 American)

    Description
    Details

    Dimensions

    Overall: 12.7 x 30.5 x 58.4 cm (5 x 12 x 23 in.) Rosewood case: 17.8 x 35.6 cm (7 x 14 in.)

    Medium

    Rosewood

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    2006.1359

    Collections

    Americas, Musical Instruments

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  • Melodeon (lap organ)

    about 1845–50

    A. Prescott & Son (American, active in 1845–1850 American)

    Description

    Music: Sicilian Mariner's Hymn to the Virgin, traditional, 1794 (performed by Darcy Kuronen)

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 57.6 cm, width 29.2 cm, height with bellows compressed 12.4 cm (Length 22 11/16 in., width 11 1/2 in., height with bellows compressed 4 7/8 in.)

    Medium

    Rosewood, maple, ivory

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    2002.380

    Collections

    Americas, Musical Instruments

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