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Native North American Musical Instruments

  • Native North American Musical Instruments - Slide

  • Vessel rattle (kanyáhte' ká'nowa')

    19th century

    Description

    Shell of snapping turtle (Chelydra serpentina) with leg openings sewn shut with sinew and other cordage. Neck stretched out to form handle supported by three splints of ash (?) and wrapped with cotton cord and twine; head serves as knob at end. Chokecherry pips (?) inside.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 43.3 cm, width 17.5 cm, thickness 6.5 cm (length 17 1/16 in., width 6 7/8 in., thickness 2 9/16 in.)

    Medium

    Turtle shell, elm wood

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Idiophones

    Accession Number

    17.2233

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  • Vessel rattle (onó'kah kastaweh'shae')

    19th century

    Attributed to Andrew John, Jr. (Seneca Nation, about 1847–1907...

    Description

    Short cylinder of ox (?) horn capped at each end by disk of wood pinned by small brass (?) brads. Disks pierced at center by handle of wood. Twine cord tied to handle immediately above and below horn. Stones (?) inside.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 27.7 cm, diameter 7 cm (Length 10 7/8 in., diameter 2 3/4 in.)

    Medium

    Cowhorn, wood

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Idiophones

    Accession Number

    17.2237

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  • Vessel rattle

    19th century

    Description

    Two pieces of leather sewn together with sinew around handle of wood, forming pear-shaped head. Handle wrapped with additional band of leather with wide fringes at each end, upper band wrapped with three strands of light blue and reddish-brown seed beads. Long hank of black hair projecting from end of handle.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 60 cm, width 8 cm, thickness 5.5 cm (Length 23 5/8 in., width 3 1/8 in., thickness 2 3/16 in.)

    Medium

    Leather, wood, seed beads

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Idiophones

    Accession Number

    17.2246

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    Musical Instruments

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  • Vessel rattle (shinshin)

    before 1893

    Description

    Two pieces of leather sewn together with sinew around wood handle, forming spherical head. Six black magpie (?) feathers and one eagle "fluffy" feather tied to top of head with leather. Carrying loop of leather tied to bottom of handle.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 41.5 cm, diameter 6 cm (Length 16 5/16 in., diameter 2 3/8 in.)

    Medium

    Leather, wood, feathers

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Idiophones

    Accession Number

    17.2247

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  • Vessel rattle (aaya)

    about 1900

    Description

    Flattened spherical body of gourd pierced by wood handle with pointed top. Handle wrapped with sinew and pierced by hole with cotton cord above gourd; wrapped with cotton cord and strip of cloth below gourd. Gourd painted green overall (two layers of differing shades) with black Maltese(-style) cross on each face and "X" on each edge. Pellets missing due to break in gourd.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 28.7 cm, diameter 12.8 cm, thickness 8.5 cm (Length 11 5/16 in., diameter 5 1/16 in., depth 3 3/8 in.)

    Medium

    Gourd, wood

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Idiophones

    Accession Number

    17.2235

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  • Vessel rattle

    19th century

    Description

    Pear shaped gourd pierced by roughly hewn handle of wood with twine wrapped around top. Plugged hole at lower end of handle for carrying cord. Seeds (?) inside.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 24.1 cm, diameter 7.1 cm (Length 9 1/2 in., diameter 2 13/16 in.)

    Medium

    Gourd, wood

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Idiophones

    Accession Number

    17.2238

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  • Vessel rattle

    1900–25

    Description

    Light-orange pear-shaped gourd pierced by handle of Osage orange wood, with cotton cord tied around top end. Small cross-shaped holes in gourd representing celestial patterns of stars; twelve on one side, seven on opposite side. Stones (?) inside.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 18.1 cm, diameter 7.6 cm (Length 7 1/8 in., diameter 3 in.)

    Medium

    Gourd, wood

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Idiophones

    Accession Number

    1984.313

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  • Vessel rattle

    about 1930

    Description

    Light-orange pear-shaped gourd pierced by handle of dark brown wood. Handle wrapped above and below gourd with rows of dark blue, white, and red seed beads on light blue field. Tied to lower end of handle is cord of white braided leather with five tassels of horsehair dyed red, white, and light purple. Projecting from top of gourd is tuft of white horsehair and red feathers, wrapped at base with narrow strip of white fur.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 38.0 cm, diameter 5.5 cm (Length 14 15/16 in., diameter 2 3/16 in.)

    Medium

    Wood, seed beads, horsehair, feathers

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Idiophones

    Accession Number

    1984.314

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    Musical Instruments

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  • Vessel rattle

    19th century

    Description

    Body carved in shape of raven from two hollowed-out pieces of hardwood, tied together at edges of wings with leather and cotton cord threaded through small tubular pieces of sea shell. Belly of raven carved with two faces; back carved with frog atop reclining humanoid figure and head of hawk facing toward handle. Painted red, green, and black. Integral wood handle bound with strip of leather. Stones (?) inside.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 30 cm, width 8.2 cm (Length 11 13/16 in., width 3 1/4 in.)

    Medium

    Wood, pigment, leather, shells

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Idiophones

    Accession Number

    1985.735

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  • Vessel rattle

    19th century

    Description

    Body carved in shape of long-billed bird from two hollowed-out pieces of hardwood, tied together in four places with twine or sinew. Belly and back of bird carved with faces. Painted red, green, and black. Integral wood handle pegged together with two small dowels. Stones (?) inside.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 39.7 cm, width 10 cm (Length 15 5/8 in., width 3 15/16 in.)

    Medium

    Cedar

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Idiophones

    Accession Number

    1989.135

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  • Vessel rattle

    19th century

    Description

    Body in shape of long-billed bird (with box held in bill) constructed from two carved and hollowed-out pieces of hardwood, tied together with sinew in two places at opposite sides of body. Painted decoration comprised of red and black geometric designs. Large blue glass beads used for eyes. Integral handle pegged together with single dowel. Stones (?) inside.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 40.2 cm, width 10 cm, thickness 12.6 cm (Length 15 13/16 in., width 3 15/16 in., thickness 4 15/16 in.)

    Medium

    Cedar?

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Idiophones

    Accession Number

    17.2232

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  • Vessel rattle

    19th century

    Description

    Flattened spherical body constructed of two hollowed out halves of softwood, tied together in four places with sinew, knots covered by tufts of shredded cedar bark. Each side carved with face, one side incorporating shark's gills and opposite side incorporating whale's tail. Painted red, green, and black. Integral wood handle bound with strips of split spruce root. Stones (?) inside.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 21.2 cm, diameter 13.1 cm, thickness 8.5 cm (Length 8 3/8 in., diameter 5 3/16 in., thickness 3 3/8 in.)

    Medium

    Wood, cedar bark

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Idiophones

    Accession Number

    17.2236

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  • Pair of arm-band rattles

    19th century

    Description

    Leather straps covered with seed-bead decoration comprised of repeating geometric pattern in dark blue, red, and yellow on white background with light green along edges. Row of small tin cones tied on with leather strips along upper edge of each strap.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 32 cm, width 3 cm (Length 12 5/8 in., width 1 3/16 in.)

    Medium

    Leather, tin, seed beads

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Idiophones

    Accession Number

    17.2248a-b

    Collections

    Americas, Musical Instruments

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  • Suspension rattle

    19th century

    Description

    Thirteen dewclaws of varying sizes from deer (?), strung on cords of leather.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 5.7 cm (2 1/4 in.)

    Medium

    Deer dewclaws, leather

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Idiophones

    Accession Number

    17.2234

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    Musical Instruments

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  • Scraper and rod (kano'oskae', after 19th-century Seneca...

    1903

    Attributed to Andrew John, Jr. (Seneca Nation, about 1847–1907...

    Description

    Scraper constructed of stick of maple (of diamond-shaped cross section) with rounded edges; thirteen notches cut along two-thirds of length of one edge. Scraping stick constructed of flat piece of maple with rounded edges. Broken cotton string tied through holes in each piece, formerly connecting them to each other.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 31.1 cm, width 2.8 cm, thickness 2.2 cm (Length 12 1/4 in., width 1 1/8 in., thickness 7/8 in.)

    Medium

    Maple

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Idiophones

    Accession Number

    17.2167a-b

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  • Scraper and blade (truhkunpi)

    before 1879

    Description

    Scraper of long stick of hardwood (of semi-circular cross section) with twenty-one notches carved along curved side. Scraper blade of scapula bone (?) from deer (?). Scraper and blade formerly tied together with cotton cord.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 44.7 cm, width 3 cm, thickness 2 cm (Length 17 5/8 in., width 1 3/16 in., thickness 13/16 in.)

    Medium

    Wood, deer bone (?)

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Idiophones

    Accession Number

    17.2244a-b

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    Musical Instruments

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  • Clapper

    19th century

    Description

    Paddle-shaped body constructed of two slightly hollowed out pieces of softwood painted black. Integral wood handle pegged together with three small dowels.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 39.7 cm, width 6.2 cm, thickness 3 cm (Length 15 5/8 in., width 2 7/16 in., thickness 1 3/16 in.)

    Medium

    Wood

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Idiophones

    Accession Number

    17.2249

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  • Frame drum

    19th century

    Description

    Shallow shell constructed of thin machine-cut wood with lapped seam tied together with leather laces. Thick skin head tied to shell with leather laces strung through holes in side. Two leather laces strung through holes in side and crisscrossing back. Red painted decoration on head, comprised of small circle at center (diameter 45 mm), triangles around perimeter, and various other indiscernible shapes in field.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Height 5.5 cm, diameter 26.8 cm (Height 2 3/16 in., diameter 10 9/16 in.)

    Medium

    Ash, animal skin

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Membranophones

    Accession Number

    17.2024

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  • Frame drum (wewetowah)

    before 1899

    Description

    Shallow shell constructed of thin wood with lapped seam tied together with leather laces. Thick skin head tied to shell with leather laces strung through holes near lower edge of side. Faded dark red ring (diameter 95 mm) painted at center of head.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Height 8 cm, diameter 26.4 cm (Height 3 1/8 in., diameter 10 3/8 in.)

    Medium

    Wood, animal skin

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Membranophones

    Accession Number

    17.2242

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  • Frame drum and mallet

    19th century

    Description

    Shallow shell constructed of thin machine-cut wood with lapped seam fastened together with iron nails. Thick skin head attached to lower edge of shell with iron nails. Two twisted cotton cords strung through holes in side and crisscrossing back. Polychrome painted decoration on head (blue, red, green, and black), comprised of large crude bird at center with indecipherable shape below, and three red and blue semi-circles and three blue crosses around perimeter. Mallet constructed of single carved piece of heavy hardwood with spherical head.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Height 7.3 cm, diameter 46.2 cm (Height 2 7/8 in., diameter 18 3/16 in.)

    Medium

    Wood, animal skin

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Membranophones

    Accession Number

    17.2245a-b

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  • Cylindrical drum

    19th century

    Description

    Shell of thin roughly surfaced wood painted red, tied together at seam with thin twine. Two skin heads attached to shell with leather laces in "W" pattern. One head painted with alternating red and yellow triangles around perimeter; opposite head painted with red circle at center, wavy red arrow and one red triangle in field, and two small red triangles over larger yellow triangles at opposite edges.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Height 25.5 cm, diameter 38.7 cm (Height 10 1/16 in., diameter 15 1/4 in.)

    Medium

    Wood, animal skin

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Membranophones

    Accession Number

    17.2252

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  • Frame drum and mallet (ka'nohko'wah, after 19th-century...

    1903

    Attributed to Andrew John, Jr. (Seneca Nation, about 1847–1907...

    Description

    Shell of machine-cut wood with closed bottom. Carved plug of wood (diameter 11 mm) in side for introducing water. Suede leather head held onto shell with hoop of suede wrapped with red cloth. Mallet of walnut (?) with small spherical head and widened handle shaped for finger grip. Drum and mallet formerly tied together with cotton string.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Height 9.9 cm, diameter 17.2 cm (Height 3 7/8 in., diameter 6 3/4 in.)

    Medium

    Wood, leather

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Membranophones

    Accession Number

    17.2250a-b

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  • Mallet for drum (?)

    19th century

    Description

    Flattened spherical stone covered by two pieces of leather sewn together around wood handle with sinew. Upper and lower ends of handle wrapped with additional band of leather with wide fringes at each end; upper band wrapped with three rows of light and medium blue seed beads. Long hank of black and gray hair attached to end of handle.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 30.5 cm, width 16.0 cm, thickness 9.0 cm (Length 12 in., width 6 5/16 in., thickness 3 9/16 in.)

    Medium

    Stone, leather, wood, hair

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Accessories

    Accession Number

    17.2251

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  • Duct whistle

    1850–1900

    Description

    Cylindrical body of eagle-wing (?) bone with V-shaped window. Duct block of wood. Carrying cord of leather (length 420 mm) tied just below window. Two eagle "fluffy" feathers suspended near center by long cords of leather. One eagle "fluffy" feather and small tuft of eagle down dyed red, bound near distal end with sinew.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 16.7 cm, diameter 1.5 cm (Length 6 9/16 in., diameter 9/16 in.)

    Medium

    Bone, wood, feathers

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1984.318

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  • Stick for sundance whistle

    1850–1900

    Description

    Stick of slender piece of wood with faint red coloring and two small branches roughly opposite each other near one end.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 63 cm (24 13/16 in.)

    Medium

    Wood

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Accessories

    Accession Number

    1984.319

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  • Duct whistle

    19th century

    Description

    Cylindrical body of eagle bone wrapped with sinew and leather, fringed at distal end. Distal end of bone broken off. Body wrapped with rows of dark blue, yellow, and red seed beads. V-shaped window. Duct block formed of pitch. Long carrying cord of leather, wrapped with strips of orange dyed porcupine quill (?), tied to proximal end.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 12 cm, diameter 1.7 cm (Length 4 3/4 in., diameter 11/16 in.)

    Medium

    Bone, leather, seed beads

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.2253

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  • Duct whistle

    1850–1900

    Description

    Cylindrical body of eagle bone with U-shaped window. Duct block formed of pitch (?). Cord of red dyed leather wrapped above and below window, with long carrying loop suspended at same point.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 12.8 cm, diameter 0.7 cm (Length 5 1/16 in., diameter 1/4 in.)

    Medium

    Bone

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1984.321

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  • Duct whistle and case

    early 20th century

    Description

    Cylindrical body of eagle bone with V-shaped window. Duct block formed of pitch (?). Proximal end serrated. Red-filled incised designs (representing tepee with smoke rising from top) just below window. Cord of leather tied to distal end to facilitate removal from case. Tubular case of leather sewn at seam with leather strips. Several thongs of leather tied at each end pierce perimeter of circular closures of leather. Surface of case has polychrome painted decoration of complex iconography, comprised (from bottom to top) of orange band with undulating top, purple band in zigzag pattern, six yellow crescent moons, three red four-pointed stars (with purple dots in center), five blue diamonds (with purple diamonds in center), three red lightning bolts, four light green crosses, band of seven yellow circles, thin black line, wavy purple stripe, and four orange triangles.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 17.7 cm, diameter 1.2 cm (Length 6 15/16 in., diameter 1/2 in.)

    Medium

    Bone and leather

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1984.325.1-2

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  • Duct whistle

    mid-19th century

    Description

    Cylindrical body of crane bone with rectangular window. Duct block formed of pitch. Surface incised with geometric designs and human figure ("star-gazer") standing on hut with stars above. Orange (woodpecker), dark green (mallard), and brown feathers tied on with sinew near distal end. Suspended from distal end are two cords of sinew piercing five circular and two teardrop-shaped pieces of abalone shell. Long carrying cord of thin leather tied to distal end.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 19.9 cm, diameter 1.6 cm (Length 7 13/16 in., diameter 5/8 in.)

    Medium

    Bone

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1984.320

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  • Duct whistle

    19th century

    Description

    Cylindrical body (of oval cross-section) constructed of two hollowed out halves of red cedar (?), bound with strips of split spruce root near each end. Distal end closed. Seams sealed with pitch. Painted decoration comprised of red and black geometric (?) designs. U-shaped window and oval embouchure hole. Sounds pitch of f'.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 32.2 cm, width 4.6 cm, thickness 4 cm (Length 12 11/16 in., width 1 13/16 in., thickness 1 9/16 in.)

    Medium

    Red cedar (?), spruce root

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.2201

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  • Duct whistle (sk-a'na)

    before 1883

    Description

    Bottle-shaped body (of roughly semi-circular cross section) constructed of two hollowed out halves of red cedar (?), bound with twine near proximal end and at center and with split spruce root near distal end. Distal end closed. Seams sealed with pitch. Rectangular window with two lips (but only one note sounds). Rectangular embouchure hole. Sounds pitch of a.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 38.5 cm, width 8.8 cm, thickness 8 cm (Length 15 3/16 in., width 3 7/16 in., thickness 3 1/8 in.)

    Medium

    Red cedar (?), spruce root

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.2202

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  • Duct whistle

    19th century

    Description

    Bottle-shaped body (of oval cross-section) constructed of two hollowed out halves of red cedar (?), bound with strips of cedar bark near each end and just below window. Distal end closed except for small hole at center (diameter 11 mm). Rectangular window with concave lower edge. Oval embouchure hole. Sounds pitch of f'.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 38 cm, width 7.4 cm, thickness 4.3 cm (Length 14 15/16 in., width 2 15/16 in., thickness 1 11/16 in.)

    Medium

    Red cedar (?)

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.2203

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  • Double duct whistle

    19th century

    Description

    Cylindrical body (of roughly circular cross-section) constructed of two hollowed out halves of red cedar (?), bound with strips of split spruce root near each end and at center. Distal end closed. V-shaped window on each side. Lozenge-shaped embouchure hole. Sounds pitches of f-sharp and g.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 44.5 cm, width 5.3 cm, thickness 6.1 cm (Length 17 1/2 in., width 2 1/16 in., thickness 2 3/8 in.)

    Medium

    Red cedar (?), spruce root

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.2204

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  • Double duct whistle

    late 19th century

    Description

    Two cylindrical pipes (of oval cross-section) bound to each other with sinew at proximal end and center. Each whistle constructed of two hollowed out halves of red cedar (?), bound with strips of cedar bark near distal ends and at centers. Distal ends closed. Seams smeared with pitch. U-shaped window in one pipe and rectangular window in other pipe. Lozenge-shaped embouchure hole in each pipe. Sounds pitches of e'-flat and e'.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 26.3 cm, width 8.5 cm, thickness 3.5 cm (Length 10 3/8 in., width 3 3/8 in., thickness 1 3/8 in.)

    Medium

    Red cedar, spruce root

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.2205

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  • Triple duct whistle

    19th century

    Description

    Rectangular body (of rectangular cross-section) constructed of two hollowed out pieces of red cedar (?), separated by wide wood septum, all bound with strips of split spruce root near each end. Rectangular windows, two on one face and one on opposite face. Rectangular embouchure hole. Sounds pitches of e', f'-sharp, and g'.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 13.3 cm, width 4.1 cm, thickness 3.6 cm (Length 5 1/4 in., width 1 5/8 in., thickness 1 7/16 in.)

    Medium

    Red cedar, spruce root

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.2206

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  • Quadruple duct whistle

    19th century

    Description

    Rectangular body (of square cross-section) constructed of five pieces of red cedar (?), bound with twine near each end. Edges serrated. Rectangular window in each face and four rectangular embouchure holes in circular-shaped proximal end. Sounds pitches of a', c-sharp'', a'', and c-sharp'''.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 21.9 cm, width 4.5 cm, thickness 4.5 cm (Length 8 5/8 in., width 1 3/4 in., thickness 1 3/4 in.)

    Medium

    Red cedar, twine

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.2207

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  • Quintuple duct whistle

    19th century

    Description

    Flattened bottle-shaped body (of roughly U-shaped cross-section) constructed of two hollowed out halves of red cedar (?), bound together with twisted sinew near each end and with cedar bark strips above and below largest windows. Distal end closed. Seams smeared with pitch. Two crescent-shaped windows and three rectangular-shaped. Five embouchure holes of various shapes. Sounds pitches of d', d', d'', d'', and f''-sharp.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 38.8 cm, width 12 cm, thickness 6 cm (Length 15 1/4 in., width 4 3/4 in., thickness 2 3/8 in.)

    Medium

    Red cedar, sinew

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.2208

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    Musical Instruments

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  • Bag-blown whistle (after 19th-century Haida people type)

    1903

    Description

    Flattened spherical body constructed of two hollowed out halves of wood with duct in slender neck. Front half carved as face with large U-shaped hole at nose position for exit of air. Small roughly circular hole in forehead, possibly for use as fingerhole. Seams smeared with pitch. Bellows of animal bladder filled with straw and tied around neck with copper wire. Sounds pitch of B-flat with "fingerhole" closed and sharp e-flat with it open.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 53.5 cm, width 22.9 cm, thickness 16.1 cm (Length 21 1/16 in., width 9 in., thickness 6 5/16 in.)

    Medium

    Red cedar, animal bladder

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.2210

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  • Whistle (sk-a'na, possibly after 19th-century Haida people type)

    about 1903

    Description

    Bottle-shaped body (of oval cross-section) constructed of two hollowed out halves of red cedar (?), bound with twine near each end and at center. Distal end open. Seams sealed with pitch. Rectangular window and embouchure hole. Sounds pitch of f'-sharp.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 34.9 cm, width 7.3 cm, thickness 6.2 cm (Length 13 3/4 in., width 2 7/8 in., thickness 2 7/16 in.)

    Medium

    Red cedar, twine

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.2211

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    Musical Instruments

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  • Duct whistle (after 19th-century Northwest Coast Indian type)

    about 1900

    Description

    Bottle-shaped body (of semi-circular cross-section) constructed of two hollowed out halves of red cedar (?), bound with twine near each end and at center. Distal end closed. Seams smeared with pitch. Three equally-spaced fingerholes in distal half. Rectangular window and oval embouchure hole. Sounds pitches of e' (with all finger holes open) and a (with all finger holes closed).

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 33.5 cm, width 6.7 cm, thickness 6.2 cm (Length 13 3/16 in., width 2 5/8 in., thickness 2 7/16 in.)

    Medium

    Red cedar, twine

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.2209

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    Musical Instruments

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  • Duct flute (ya-ah-ga-wasta?, after 19th-century Seneca people type)

    1903

    Attributed to Andrew John, Jr. (Seneca Nation, about 1847–1907...

    Description

    Cylindrical body constructed of two hollowed out halves of medium brown hardwood, bound together with twine in four places (one binding missing). Rectangular window covered by lead lip and external duct block with concave upper surface, each bound to body with twine. Proximal end flat with small blow hole at center. Six equally-spaced fingerholes with slightly chamfered edges, near center of body.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 44.1 cm, diameter 2.5 cm (Length 17 3/8 in., diameter 1 in.)

    Medium

    Wood

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.2230

    Collections

    Americas, Musical Instruments

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  • Duct flute (ya-ah-ga-wasta?)

    19th century

    Description

    Cylindrical body constructed of two hollowed out halves of softwood, bound together with cotton cord in five places. Rectangular window covered by lead lip and external duct block with slanted upper surface, each bound to body with cotton cord. Proximal end slightly convex with small blow hole at center. Six equally-spaced fingerholes, with slightly chamfered edges, near center of body. Short wood pin (for unknown purpose) protruding from top surface near distal end.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 44.1 cm, diameter 2.7 cm (Length 17 3/8 in., diameter 1 1/16 in.)

    Medium

    Wood

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.2231

    Collections

    Americas, Musical Instruments

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  • Duct flute

    mid-19th century

    Description

    Cylindrical body of wood constructed in two halves, partially encased with heartsack (?) and bound together in six places with thin red sinew. Tied around body in nine places are strips of leather with dangling ends, one suspending sparrow-hawk claw and one suspending small strip of animal fur. rectangular window covered by external duct block of wood carved with shape of horse and bound to body with leather. Proximal end slightly convex with small blow hole at center. Six equally-spaced fingerholes in distal half of body.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 51.7 cm, diameter 2.7 cm (Length 20 3/8 in., diameter 1 1/16 in.)

    Medium

    Wood, sinew

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1984.315

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    Musical Instruments

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  • End-blown flute (lain-ah?)

    19th century

    Description

    Cylindrical body constructed of single piece of hardwood. Embouchure end thinned for width of about 10 mm along inside of one wall. Five fingerholes in distal half; three nearest center equally-spaced and two nearest distal end widely spaced.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 70.3 cm, diameter 2.8 cm (Length 27 11/16 in., diameter 1 1/8 in.)

    Medium

    Wood

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.2227

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    Musical Instruments

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  • Duct flute (paqaplena)

    about 1900

    Description

    Cylindrical body of cane (?). Very extended beak at proximal end with separate piece of cane bound to top surface with sinew. V-shaped window. Duct block missing. Irregularly carved cross-shaped piece of wood with traces of light blue/green paint, tied to distal end with sinew. Three widely-spaced fingerholes at center of body.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 36.5 cm, diameter 1.9 cm (Length 14 3/8 in., diameter 3/4 in.)

    Medium

    Cane, wood

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1984.316

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    Musical Instruments

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  • Duct flute (wilwil'telhuku'p)

    19th century

    Description

    Cylindrical body of cane with three nodes. Central node intact with rectangular window cut over top. Missing tied-on bandage to form duct. Three equally-spaced fingerholes in distal half.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 63.5 cm, diameter 2.3 cm (Length 25 in., diameter 7/8 in.)

    Medium

    Cane

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.2229

    Collections

    Musical Instruments

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  • Duct flute (que-goot?)

    19th century

    Description

    Cylindrical body constructed of three sections of cane connected by crudely fitted socket-and-tenon joints. Proximal end of uppermost joint cut at steep angle. Bands of cotton (?) string wrapped in six places (missing or detached in four places). U-shaped window with widely chamfered lower edge. Duct block missing, but apparently held in place by pin (length 25 mm) carved from cane, protruding through wall of uppermost section about 15 mm from proximal end. Two fingerholes and one thumb hole, with chamfered edges, near distal end of lowest section.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 56.9 cm, diameter 2.7 cm (Length 22 3/8 in., diameter 1 1/16 in.)

    Medium

    Cane

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.2228

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    Musical Instruments

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  • Reed pipe

    19th century

    Description

    Carrot-shaped body (with flattened distal end) constructed of two hollowed out halves of red cedar (?), bound with strips of split spruce root in two places near proximal end. Circular embouchure hole, beveled on outside edge. Tapered end forms terminal retreating reed (?).

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 29.3 cm, width 4 cm, thickness 3.6 cm (Length 11 9/16 in., width 1 9/16 in., thickness 1 7/16 in.)

    Medium

    Red cedar, spruce root

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.2212

    Collections

    Musical Instruments

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  • Reed pipe

    19th century

    Description

    Waisted bottle-shaped body (of oval cross-section) constructed of two hollowed out halves of red cedar (?), bound with sinew near proximal end and at center. Seam sealed with pitch. Concealed double reed of red cedar (?) affixed inside proximal half of body. Lozenge-shaped embouchure hole.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 35.5 cm, width 6.4 cm, thickness 5 cm (Length 14 in., width 2 1/2 in., thickness 1 15/16 in.)

    Medium

    Red cedar, twine

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.2213

    Collections

    Musical Instruments

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  • Reed pipe

    19th century

    Description

    Bottle-shaped body (of rectangular cross-section) constructed of two hollowed out halves of red cedar (?), originally bound with unknown substance (now missing) at each end and at center. Concealed double reed of red cedar (?), bound with strip of cloth and affixed with pitch inside proximal half of body. Lozenge-shaped embouchure hole.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 23.1 cm, width 6.9 cm, thickness 4 cm (Length 9 1/8 in., width 2 11/16 in., thickness 1 9/16 in.)

    Medium

    Red cedar

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.2214

    Collections

    Americas, Musical Instruments

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  • Reed pipe

    19th century

    Description

    Paddle-shaped body (of oval cross-section) constructed of two hollowed out halves of red cedar (?), bound with strips of split spruce root near each end and at two places near center. Two concealed double reeds of red cedar (?) affixed inside distal end of body. Oval embouchure hole.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 38.6 cm, width 5.5 cm, thickness 2.7 cm (Length 15 3/16 in., width 2 3/16 in., thickness 1 1/16 in.)

    Medium

    Red cedar, spruce root

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.2215

    Collections

    Americas, Musical Instruments

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  • Reed pipe

    19th century

    Description

    Wedge-shaped body (of circular cross-section) constructed of two hollowed out halves of red cedar (?), separated by wood septum, all bound with strips of split spruce root near proximal end and at center. Two semi-circular embouchure holes. Tapered end forms two single reeds beating against either side of septum.?

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 13.6 cm, width 3.5 cm, thickness 3.2 cm (Length 5 3/8 in., width 1 3/8 in., thickness 1 1/14 in.)

    Medium

    Red cedar, spruce root

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.2216

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    Musical Instruments

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  • Reed pipe

    19th century

    Description

    Cylindrical body (of circular cross-section) constructed of two hollowed out halves of red cedar (?), separated by wood septum, all bound with strips of split spruce root near each end. Large bell-shaped hole in side of body for altering pitch with hand. Distal end reduced to 19 mm diameter forming two single reeds beating against either side of septum. Two semi-circular embouchure holes in proximal end. Sounds pitches of f' and b'-flat.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 26.7 cm, width 5.1 cm, thickness 4.9 cm (Length 10 1/2 in., width 2 in., thickness 1 15/16 in.)

    Medium

    Red cedar, spruce root

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.2217

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    Musical Instruments

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  • Reed pipe (sk-a'na)

    19th century

    Description

    Cylindrical body constructed of two hollowed out halves of red cedar (?), bound with strips of split spruce root (?) near each end. Distal end closed. Lozenge-shaped embouchure hole. Slits in unbound section of body function as lateral retreating reeds.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 33.0 cm, width 2 cm, thickness 1.9 cm (Length 13 in., width 13/16 in., thickness 3/4 in.)

    Medium

    Red cedar, spruce root

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.2218

    Collections

    Americas, Musical Instruments

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  • Reed pipe (sk-a'na)

    19th century

    Description

    Slightly tapered body (of oval cross-section) constructed of two hollowed out halves of red cedar (?), bound with twine near each end. Distal end closed. Lozenge-shaped embouchure hole. Slits in unbound section of body function as lateral retreating reeds.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 24 cm, width 3.1 cm, thickness 2.5 cm (Length 9 7/16 in., width 1 1/4 in., thickness 1 in.)

    Medium

    Red cedar, twine

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.2219

    Collections

    Americas, Musical Instruments

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  • Reed pipe (sk-a'na)

    19th century

    Description

    Narrow U-shaped body (of oval cross-section) constructed of two hollowed out halves of red cedar (?), bound with strips of split spruce root near both ends of each leg and at proximal end. Distal end closed. Two diamond-shaped embouchure holes. Slits in unbound sections of each leg of body function as lateral retreating reeds.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 34 cm, width 3.9 cm, thickness 1.9 cm (Length 13 3/8 in., width 1 9/16 in., thickness 3/4 in.)

    Medium

    Red cedar, spruce root

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.2220

    Collections

    Americas, Musical Instruments

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  • Reed pipe

    late 19th century

    Description

    Bottle-shaped body (of circular cross-section) in two pieces, each constructed of two hollowed out halves of red cedar (?), bound with twine near each end. Pieces connected by crudely fitted socket-and-tenon joint. Clarinet-mouthpiece-type structure (missing metal reed) affixed to upper end of distal piece.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 27.1 cm, width 4.8 cm, thickness 4.4 cm (Length 10 11/16 in., width 1 7/8 in., thickness 1 3/4 in.)

    Medium

    Red cedar, twine

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.2221

    Collections

    Musical Instruments

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  • Ribbon reed pipe

    19th century

    Description

    Peg-shaped body (of circular cross-section) constructed of two hollowed out halves of red cedar (?), bound with strips of split spruce root at center. Distal end open. Ribbon reed of unknown material stretched laterally across mid-point of bore. Lozenge-shaped embouchure hole.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 7.4 cm, width 3.6 cm, thickness 3.6 cm (Length 2 15/16 in., width 1 7/16 in., thickness 1 7/16 in.)

    Medium

    Red cedar, spruce root

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.2222

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    Musical Instruments

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  • Ribbon reed pipe

    late 19th century

    Description

    Wedge-shaped body (of rectangular cross-section) constructed of six pieces of red cedar (?), bound with strips of split spruce root near each end. Ribbon reed of cloth (width 12 mm) woven back and forth through five oval openings near center of bore. Five lozenge-shaped embouchure openings.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 14.7 cm, width 5.8 cm, thickness 3.4 cm (Length 5 13/16 in., width 2 5/16 in., thickness 1 5/16 in.)

    Medium

    Red cedar, spruce root

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.2223

    Collections

    Americas, Musical Instruments

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  • Reed pipe (possibly after 19th-century Heiltsuk people type)

    late 19th century

    Description

    Paddle-shaped body constructed of two hollowed out halves of red cedar (?), bound with strips of split spruce root near proximal end and at center. Lozenge-shaped embouchure hole. Widened end forms terminal retreating reed.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 20.5 cm, width 2.7 cm, thickness 2.2 cm (Length 8 1/16 in., width 1 1/16 in., thickness 7/8 in.)

    Medium

    Red cedar, spruce root

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.2224

    Collections

    Musical Instruments

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  • Whistle

    late 19th century

    Description

    Wedge-shaped body (of oval cross-section) constructed of two hollowed out halves of red cedar (?) separated by wood septum, bound with twine near each end. Seams smeared with pitch. U-shaped window along each edge, offset from each other laterally. Two oval embouchure holes.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 9.0 cm, width 3.8 cm, thickness 2.4 cm (Length 3 9/16 in., width 1 1/2 in., thickness 15/16 in.)

    Medium

    Red cedar, twine

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.2225

    Collections

    Musical Instruments

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  • Reed pipe (sk-a'na)

    before 1888

    Description

    Elongated bow-tie-shaped body constructed of two hollowed out halves of red cedar (?), bound with strips of split spruce root in two places near center. Two small embouchure holes (diameter 5 mm) opposite each other at mid-point. Each end of body forms terminal retreating reed.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 25.5 cm, width 4.5 cm, thickness 2.5 cm (Length 10 1/16 in., width 1 3/4 in., thickness 1 in.)

    Medium

    Red cedar, spruce root

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.2226

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    Musical Instruments

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  • Bull roarer (tsinidi'ni')

    19th century

    Description

    Flat rectangular body of softwood with knob at proximal end. Surface painted with blue wavy longitudinal lines on one side and blue herringbone designs on opposite side. Twisted cotton cord (length 660 mm) tied to hole in knob.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 21.4 cm, width 4 cm, thickness 0.4 cm (Length 8 7/16 in., width 1 9/16 in., thickness 3/16 in.)

    Medium

    Wood

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.2243

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    Musical Instruments

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  • Fiddle (kízh kízh díhí) and bow

    19th century

    Description

    Cylindrical body constructed of two hollowed out halves of agave (?) stalk painted yellow and bound near each end with cotton cord. Lump of rosin (?) adhered to one end. Rod of wood pierces body end-to-end with about six strands (two intact) of black horsehair tied to each end. Painted decoration comprised of following: large centrally-placed blue "X" on each side, outlined by black dots. At each side of "X" is blue bow tie shape (representing butterfly) bisected at axis by red double-headed arrow. Above "X" is line of repeating pattern of orange circle and two blue diamonds. Encircling each end is broad black band with border of blue semi-circles. At one end are series of short black diagonal lines. Later carrying loop of gut tied to one end. Bow of river reed (?) with about twelve strands of white horsehair bound to each end with sinew.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 31.5 cm, diameter 4.3 cm (Length 12 3/8 in., diameter 1 11/16 in.)

    Medium

    Agave stalk, reed

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Chordophones

    Accession Number

    17.2239a-b

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    Musical Instruments

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  • Fiddle (kízh kízh díhí) and bow

    19th century

    Description

    Cylindrical body of reddish colored mescal (?) stalk with longitudinal striations. Rod of wood pierces body end-to-end with twisted gut string tied to each end. Bow of ash (?) with eighteen strands of black horsehair set into notches at each end and bound with sinew.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 29.3 cm, diameter 6.2 cm (Length 11 9/16 in., 2 7/16 in.)

    Medium

    Mescal stalk, ash

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Chordophones

    Accession Number

    17.2240a-b

    Collections

    Musical Instruments

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Contents