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Oboes, Bassoons, and Related Instruments

  • Oboes, Bassoons, and Related Instruments - Slide

  • Oboe

    about 1720

    Hendrik Richters, 1683–1727

    Description

    Music: Excerpt from Sonata in G minor (Op. 2, No. 5) by Johann Christian Shickhardt, 1709/10 (performed by Joyce Alper)

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 56.8 cm (22 3/8 in.)

    Medium

    Ebony, ivory, silver

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1985.705

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  • Oboe

    about 1725

    Johann Wolfgang Kenigsperger, 1724–1752

    Description

    In C. Pearwood, stained dark reddish-brown. Made in three parts: upper and lower bodyjoints, and bell. Six fingerholes, the third and fourth doubled. Three square keys (Young type K) of brass (c' and e-flat' x 2), mounted on rings with SATW. Two vent holes in bell. Bell opening slightly narrowed.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 57.3 cm (22 9/16 in.)

    Medium

    Pearwood, horn, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1908

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  • Oboe

    1700–50

    Description

    In C. Ivory Made in three parts: upper and lower bodyjoints, and bell. Six fingerholes, the third and fourth doubled. Three square keys (Young type ?) of silver-plated brass (c' and e-flat x 2), mounted on rings with SAT?. Two vent holes in bell. Bell opening slighly narrowed.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 58.7 cm (23 1/8 in.)

    Medium

    Ivory, silver

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1905

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  • Oboe

    mid-18th century

    Charles Bizey, active before 1716–after 1752

    Description

    In B-flat (?) Boxwood, stained light yellow-brown. Ivory rings. Made in three parts: upper and lower bodyjoints, and bell. Six fingerholes, the third and fourth doubled. Two square keys (Young type S and A) of silver (c' and e-flat'x 2), mounted on rings with SATW. Two vent holes in bell.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 61.8 cm (24 5/16 in.)

    Medium

    Boxwood, silver, ivory

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1910

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  • Oboe

    about 1790

    Henry Kusder, after 1762–1801

    Description

    In C. Pearwood, stained dark brown. Ivory rings. Made in three parts: upper and lower bodyjoints and bell. Six fingerholes, the third and fourth doubled. Two square keys (Young type S) of silver (c' and e-flat'), mounted on rings with SATK. Two vent holes in bell. Bell opening slightly narrowed.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 58.5 cm (23 1/16 in.)

    Medium

    Pearwood, ivory, silver

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1907

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  • Oboe

    about 1800

    William Milhouse, English, 1761–after 1835 English

    Description

    In C. Boxwood, stained light yellow-brown. Ivory rings (?) Made in three parts: upper and lower bodyjoints, and bell. Six fingerholes, the third and fourth doubled. Originally two square keys (Young type N or R?) of silver? (c' and e-flat'), mounted on rings with SATK. Added key (Young type S) for ? Two vent holes in bell. The bell opening is slightly narrowed.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 56.9 cm (22 3/8 in.)

    Medium

    Boxwood, silver

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1909

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    Europe , Musical Instruments

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  • Oboe

    about 1800

    George Astor & Co., English, 1752–1813 English

    Description

    In C. Boxwood, stained light yellow-brown. Ivory rings. Made in three parts: upper and lower bodyjoints, and bell. Six fingerholes, the third and fourth doubled. Two octagonal keys (Young type R) of brass (c' and e-flat'), mounted on rings with SATK.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 57 cm (22 7/16 in.)

    Medium

    Boxwood, ivory, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1977.71

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  • Oboe

    1815

    Andrea Fornari, Italian, 1753–1841 Italian

    Description

    In C. Varnished ebony. Ivory rings. Made in three parts: upper and lower bodyjoints and bell. Two interchangeable upper bodyjoints. Six fingerholes, the third doubled. Two square keys (Young type AF) of ivory (c' and e-flat'), mounted on rings with SATW. Two vent holes in bell. Bell opening slightly narrowed.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 56.7 cm (22 5/16 in.)

    Medium

    Ebony, ivory

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1906

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  • Oboe

    about 1830

    Guillaume Triébert, 1770–1848

    Description

    Body of boxwood in three sections with ivory rings. Ten cupped brass keys (b, c', c-sharp', e-flat', f', f-sharp', g-sharp', b-flat', c'', octave key) mounted on posts with foot plates. Third and fourth finger-holes doubled. Brass thumbrest.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 56.7 cm (22 5/16 in.)

    Medium

    Boxwood, ivory, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1998.1

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  • Oboe da caccia

    early 18th century

    Description

    The lowest tone is f. Curved form. Two keys. Walnut, covered with leather. Made in two parts, a curved brass staple and a tube with a bell. The bulb, into which the staple is inserted, and the bell were both turned on a lathe. The central curved part of the tube, octagonal in shape for three-quarters of its length, has a curved bored carved out of two slabs of wood. The slabs were glued together and the whole instrument was then covered with leather. Six finger-holes in the front, of which the third and the fourth are double; two brass keys, C and e-flat, mounted on knobs; two vent-holes on the bell. The bell has a large flare, with a plain opening. Young type YY (C key); Young type H (e-flat key). SATK.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 84.5 cm (33 1/4 in.)

    Medium

    Walnut, leather, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1918

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  • English horn

    1800–25

    Andrea Fornari, Italian, 1753–1841 Italian

    Description

    In F. The lowest tone is f. Curved form. Six keys. Made in three parts; two curved, leather-covered body-joints of pearwood tipped with horn and ivory ferrules, and a pear-shaped bell with a Liebefuss, also tipped with ivory. Six finger-holes in the front, of which the third is doubled. The key mechanism was made in three stages: (I) the original keys, c and d- sharp, are flat brass keys mounted on knobs; (2) the c-sharp, g-sharp, and b- flat keys are mounted on brass saddles, and were added; (3) the speaker key is located at the front and is connected by a bent link to the thumb-lever at the back, both the speaker key and the thumb-lever being mounted on pillars. Young types A and AF; SATK and SATW.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 75.2 cm (29 5/8 in.)

    Medium

    Pearwood, leather, horn, ivory, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1920

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    Europe , Musical Instruments

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  • English horn

    about 1830

    Wolfgang Küss, Austrian, about 1779–1834 Austrian

    Description

    In F. The lowest tone is e. Ten keys. The tube is bent in the middle at an angle of 120 degrees. Boxwood, stained dark red-brown, ivory tips. Made in six parts: a brass staple slightly bent back, a molded 'bulb' with an ivory tip, left-hand body-joint, an ivory 120-degress elbow, right- hand body-joint, and pear-shaped bell with the Liebefuss. The brass cup- shaped keys are b (open), c' (open), c'-sharp, d'-sharp, f', f'-sharp (in conjunction with hole), g'-sharp, b'-flat, c'', and the speaker key. All keys are mounted on knobs. The b and c'-sharp key have long levers operated by the left little finger; the b'-flat key also has an extended lever operated by the right thumb. Domed keys with SATK.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 77 cm (30 5/16 in.)

    Medium

    Boxwood, ivory, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1919

    Collections

    Europe , Musical Instruments

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  • Tenor oboe

    about 1760

    Caleb Gedney, English, active 1754–1769 English

    Description

    In F. The lowest tone is f. Long model. Boxwood, stained dark brown. Made in three parts: left-hand body-joint, right-hand body-joint (with the keys), and the bell-joint; the bell has a normal flare and a narrowed opening. Six finger-holes in the front, two square brass keys, c' and d'-sharp, mounted on knobs. SATK and SATW, Young key type A.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 85 cm (33 7/16 in.)

    Medium

    Boxwood, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1912

    Collections

    Europe , Musical Instruments

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  • Bass oboe

    about 1760

    Description

    In C. The lowest tone is c. Four keys. Maple, stained black- brown. Made in four parts: a brass crook, left-hand body-joint, right-hand body-joint (with three keys), a bell with moderate flare and plain opening. Six finger-holes in the front; three brass keys, c, c-sharp, d-sharp, the levers of the of the c and c-sharp keys being interlocked so that the c-key is automatically closed when the c-sharp key is pressed down; the fourth key is the speaker-key; two vent-holes on the bell. All keys are mounted on brass saddles. SATW, Young key type S; also, spatula design.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 100.8 cm (39 11/16 in.)

    Medium

    Maple, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1913

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  • Tenor oboe (vox humana)

    about 1790

    William Milhouse, English, 1761–after 1835 English

    Description

    In F. Boxwood, stained dark brown. Made in two parts: dark brown. Made in three parts: a short brass staple, bent slightly backward, left-hand (upper) bodyjoint, right-hand bodyjoint and bell made in one piece; the bell has a very slight flare outside and practically continues the conoidal bore. The opening is not narrowed. The left-hand joint is tipped with ivory, the right-hand with brass. Six finger-holes in the front; two square brass keys (Young type A), c' and d'-sharp, mounted on knobs, SATW. No vent-holes on the bell.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length without crook 72.6 cm (28 9/16 in.)

    Medium

    Boxwood, ivory, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1911

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  • Bassoon

    before 1787

    William Milhouse, English, 1761–after 1835 English

    Description

    Contrabass in C. The lowest tone is BB-flat. Five keys. Maple, stained dark brown; brass tips. Made in five parts: brass crook, wing (or tenor) joint, butt, long joint, and a bell. The bore is conoidal up to the bell; the bore of the bell is an inverted conoid narrowing toward the orifice. Six finger-holes in the front; two thumb-holes in the rear. Five brass keys: BB-flat, D, E-flat in the rear, F and F-sharp in the front; the F- key has a double touch-piece; all the keys are mounted on saddles. 3 round and 2 spatula brass keys, SATK and SATW.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 123 cm (48 7/16 in.)

    Medium

    Maple, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1925

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    Europe , Musical Instruments

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  • Bassoon

    late 18th century

    Description

    Contrabass in C. The lowest tone is BB-flat. Nine keys. Boxwood, stained light yellow: brass tips. Made in five parts: brass crook, wing, wing (or tenor) joint, butt, long joint, and a bell. The bore is conoidal up to the bell; the bore of the bell is an inverted conoid narrowing toward the orifice. Six finger-holes in the front; two thumb-holes in the rear. The instrument has been considerably changed: the long joint shortened and the key mechanism altered. The original instrument had but five keys: BB-flat, D, E-flat (now removed and the hole and the saddle socket plugged with wood), F, and G-hsharp. Subsequently, F-sharp, B-correction key, c-sharp, f-sharp, and a' keys were added. The original keys are mounted on saddles; the new keys are 'home made' and mounted on wire loops. SATK, one SATW; Young type X (or V ?), S and A.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 114 cm (44 7/8 in.)

    Medium

    Boxwood, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1924

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  • Bassoon

    about 1800

    Dominique Antony Porthaux, about 1751–1839

    Description
    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 129.2 cm (50 7/8 in.)

    Medium

    Maple, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1982.7

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  • Bassoon

    about 1810

    Probably by Pierre Joseph Cuvillier, 1779–1847 French

    Description
    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 126.4 cm (49 3/4 in.)

    Medium

    Maple, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1988.276

    Collections

    Europe , Musical Instruments

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  • Bassoon (Boehm system)

    about 1865

    Angelo Gaëtan Philippe Marzoli, died in 1865

    Description

    Contrassbass in C. The lowest tone is BB-flat. Twenty-nine keys. Rosewood, stained dark brown. German silver keys and trimmings. Made in six parts: crook, two left-hand joints, a U-shaped connecting tube (German silver), two right-hand joints; the whole body of the instrument forming a U-shaped tube with unequal arms. The bore is conoidal throughout, with a slightly flaring bell. There is no wing joint or butt. No finger-holes. All holes, twenty-nine in number, are covered with cup-shaped keys operated by a very ingenious, but exceedingly complicated, mechanism based on that of the Boehm flute.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 132.7 cm (52 1/4 in.)

    Medium

    Rosewood, nickel silver

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1927

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  • Bassoon

    1874–76

    Boosey & Co., English, active 1874–1930 English

    Description

    Contrabass in C. The lowest tone is BB-flat. Seventeen keys. Rosewood, stained dark brown; German silver keys and tips. Made in five parts: crook, wing (or tenor) joint, butt, long joint, and a bell. Conoidal bore, except the bell-joint which becomes very slightly narrower toward the orifice (about 75 percent of its length), then gradually flares out. Six finger-holes in the front; one thumb-hole in the rear. The key mechanism is of a modern type mounted on pillars. Bb-flat, C, and D keys are interlocked. The B-natural key is located on the long joint and is not interlocked with the C-key. The vent-hole key on the crook is interlocked with the three highest keys. Cupped keys, SATK.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 127.4 cm (50 3/16 in.)

    Medium

    Rosewood, nickel silver

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1926

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  • Soprano bassoon (fagottino)

    about 1700

    Johann Christoph Denner, German, 1655–1707 German

    Description

    Baritone in C. The lowest tone is B-flat. Three keys. Boxwood, stained light yellowish-brown; brass tips. Made in five parts; brass crook, wing (or tenor) joint, butt, long joint, and a bell. The bore is conoidal up to the bell; the bore of the bell is an inverted, conoid narrowing toward the orifice. Six finger-holes in the front; two thumb-holes in the rear. Three square brass keys (open): B-flat, d, and f'; mounted on knobs. The bell and the body-joint are richly molded.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 63.6 cm (25 1/16 in.)

    Medium

    Boxwood, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1922

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    Europe , Musical Instruments

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  • Tenor bassoon (tenoroon)

    1750–1800

    John Blockley, English, 1735–1798 English

    Description

    Bass in F. The lowest tone is E-flat. Four keys. Boxwood, stained blackish-brown; brass tips. Made in five parts: brass crook, wing (or tenor) joint, butt, long joint, and a bell. The bore is conoidal up to the bell; the bore of the bell is an inverted conoid narrowing toward the orifice. Six finger-holes in the front; two thumb-holes in the rear. Four brass keys (Young type U and spatula) mounted on saddles: B-flat, d, f, and g-sharp, SATW.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 83.2 cm (32 3/4 in.)

    Medium

    Boxwood, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1923

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    Europe , Musical Instruments

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  • Alto bassoon

    about 1830

    Wood & Ivy, English, 1837–1847 English

    Description

    In C. Conoidal bore. Bassoon-shaped instrument with a mouthpiece of clarinet type. Eight keys. Boxwood, stained dark brown, tipped with brass ferrules. Made in six parts: mouthpiece, brass crook, wing-joint, butt, long joint, a short bell with a slightly contracted orifice. The brass keys are cup-shaped; some are mounted on knobs and some on saddles. The keys are d (open), e-flat, f (open), f-sharp, g-sharp, c'-sharp, a cross-fingering correction key, and a speaker-key. SATK

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 54.2 cm (21 5/16 in.)

    Medium

    Boxwood, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1890

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  • Contrabassoon

    about 1840

    Johann Stehle, 1808 or 1809–1871

    Description

    Subcontrabass in C. The lowest tone is BBB-flat (high pitch). Nine keys. Maple, stained dark brown; brass extension tube [removed - see "Conservation History" below] and bell; brass tips. Made in eight parts: crook, crook extension pipe (both of brass), wing-joint, intermediate joint, butt, long joint (all these are of wood), brass extension tube [removed], and a bell. The bore is conoidal up to the end of the wooden long joint; the brass extension tube is cylindrical. Six finger-holes in the front, two thumb-holes in the rear. Nine cup-shaped keys mounted on pillars. The keys have the standard arrangement, except for the old style c-sharp key, which is mounted in the rear above the F-hole and is operated by the right-hnad thumb.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 169.3 cm (66 5/8 in.)

    Medium

    Maple, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1928

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  • Treble shawm (after 17th-century type)

    late 19th century

    Probably by Francis William Galpin, English, 1858–1945 English

    Description

    In C. Conoidal bore. Walnut, stained dark brown. Made in four parts: short wooden staple, long body-joint, bell, and a fontanelle. Six finger-holes in the front; one large (8 mm.) hole under the fontanelle, not accessible for fingering and not stopped by any key; two vent-holes on the bell-joint.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 64.1 cm (25 1/4 in.)

    Medium

    Walnut, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1901

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    Europe , Musical Instruments

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  • Alto shawm (after 17th-century type)

    late 19th century

    Probably by Francis William Galpin, English, 1858–1945 English

    Description

    In F. Conoidal bore. Boxwood, stained dark brown; the fontanelle is of pine. Made in four part: pirouette, long body-joint, bell- joint, and the fontanelle. Six finger-holes on the body-joint; one key, stopping the hole located on the bell joint, the mechanism of which is protected by the fontanelle and a lever with two touch-pieces projecting outside. Two vent-holes on the bell-joint.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 91.6 cm (36 1/16 in.)

    Medium

    Boxwood, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1902

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    Europe , Musical Instruments

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  • Tenor shawm (after 17th-century type)

    late 19th century

    Probably by Francis William Galpin, English, 1858–1945 English

    Description

    In C. Conoidal bore. Walnut, stained dark brown. Made in six parts: pirouette, staple, long body-joint, fontanelle-joint, bell-joint, and the fontanelle. Six finger-holes on the body-joint; one key, stopping the hole located on the bell-joint, the mechanism of which is protected by the fontanelle and a lever with two touch-pieces projecting outside. Two vent- holes on the bell-joint.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length without bocal 109.7 cm (43 3/16 in.)

    Medium

    Walnut, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1903

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  • Bass shawm (after 17th-century type)

    late 19th century

    Probably by Francis William Galpin, English, 1858–1945 English

    Description

    In C. Conoidal bore. Walnut, stained dark brown. Made in five parts: crook, long body-joint, fontanelle-joint, bell-joint, and the fontanelle. Six finger-holes in the front. Four keys, two located in the front and operated by the little finger and two in the rear. The key mechanism is protected by a very long fontanelle (46.5 cm) and the lowest key is enclosed in a brass guard located at the rear.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length without bocal 184.5 cm (72 5/8 in.)

    Medium

    Walnut, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1904

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  • Bass curtal (after early 17th-century type)

    late 19th century

    Probably by Francis William Galpin, English, 1858–1945 English

    Description

    Bass in G. The lowest tone is G. Two keys. Boxwood, stained blackish-brown. Made in three parts: a brass crook with a circular brass shoe, the body fo oval cross-section with a double bore, and a short bell; bound with brass ferrules. Six finger-holes in the front; two thumb-holes in the rear. Two open brass keys: one in the front, F (actually gives c) with two touch pieces, another one in the rear, D (actually gives A); both keys have their mechanisms protected by perforated brass boxes. ... The original instrument, of which this one is a simpflied copy, is preserved in the Germanic Museum in Nuremberg.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 66.2 cm (26 1/16 in.)

    Medium

    Boxwood, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1921

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    Europe , Musical Instruments

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  • Bass courtaut (after Mersenne, 1636)

    late 19th century

    Probably by Francis William Galpin, English, 1858–1945 English

    Description

    Cylindrical body of maple, stained dark brown. Two flaring caps bound with brass ferrules. Brass staple for the double reed. The U-shaped air column is formed by two long bores joined at the bottom by a cross-bore, the extra holes plugged by wooden plugs. Six finger-holes in the front, very small in diameter (2 mm.); six large holes (5 mm. bore) bored in the funnel- shaped protruding plugs (three of them dummies) and the rear tube; two thumb- holes and a vent-hole in the rear.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 61.5 cm (24 3/16 in.)

    Medium

    Maple, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1893

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    Europe , Musical Instruments

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  • Alto rackett (after early 17th-century type)

    late 19th century

    Probably by Francis William Galpin, English, 1858–1945 English

    Description

    Short cylindrical body of maple, stained dark brown. Two caps, short mouth-pipe; brass staple for reed and a pirouette. The air column is formed by seven parallel bores, the central one serving as the initial duct; all the bores are connected so as to form one continuous air passage. Ten finger-holes; additional eight holes in a diamond formation.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 20.9 cm (8 1/4 in.)

    Medium

    Maple

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1894

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    Europe , Musical Instruments

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