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Recorders, Flageolets, and Other Duct Flutes

  • Recorders, Flageolets, and Other Duct Flutes - Slide

  • Bass recorder

    about 1700

    Johann Christoph Denner (German, 1655–1707 German)

    Description

    In F. Boxwood body in three principal parts: head, body, foot; brass band (repair?) around head. Brass bocal with ivory mouthpiece. Six fingerholes and one thumbhole. One brass key (C).

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length without bocal 96.8 cm (38 1/8 in.)

    Medium

    Boxwood, brass, ivory

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1987.550

    Collections

    Europe, Musical Instruments

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  • Alto recorder

    early 18th century

    Description

    In G. The lowest tone i g'. Conoidal bore. Beautifully turned and carved ivory. Made in three principal parts: the head, the body, and the foot-joint, but each part is made of several pieces skilfully joined by screw threads. The mouthpiece is in the form of a fish's head; the head is beautifully carved with a foliated design; the foot-joint is finely carved, with a scalloped rim. Seven finger-holes ins front, thumb-hole in the rear.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 43.5 cm (17 1/8 in.)

    Medium

    Ivory

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1809

    Collections

    Musical Instruments

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  • Tenor recorder

    about 1730

    John Neale (active 1721–1734)

    Description

    In D. The lowest tone is d'. Coinodal bore. Pearwood, varnished blackish-borwn. Made in three parts: the head, the body, and the foot-joint. Seven finger-holes in front, thumb-hole in the rear.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 61.5 cm (24 3/16 in.)

    Medium

    Pearwood

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1804

    Collections

    Musical Instruments

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  • Flageolet

    early 19th century

    Description

    Bessaboff - In C. The lowest tone is c'''-sharp. Conoidal bore. Rosewood, stained dark mahogany-brown; ivory tips and mouthpiece. Made in three parts: a cap with mouthpiece, head joint with a fipple, flute, and, lip, and body- joint (with an inner mouthpiece). Seven finger-holes in front; the eighth, a thumb-hole, is stopped by a small cup-shaped silver key. The F-sharp hole (third from the bottom) is enlarge, the seventh hole is reduced in diameter by the ivory plug. Small silver pins between the holes serve as finger-guides.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 23 cm (9 1/16 in.)

    Medium

    Rosewood, ivory, silver

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1813

    Collections

    Musical Instruments

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  • Double flageolet

    about 1815

    William Bainbridge (English, active 1803–1834 English)

    Description

    In ?. Conoidal bore. Boxwood with ivory tips and mouthpiece. Made in four principal parts; the cap, which serves as an air-chamber for both tubes; the lip-stock with a double-bore; two tubes of equal length. The lip-stock has two lips cut in it; each lip can be silenced by a cut-off shutter operated by a key. The left-hand tube has six finger-holes, of which the first one from the top is partially plugged; two silver keys nominally called D-sharp (?) and high D (both closed). The right-hand tube has four finger-holes; three keys, nominally called D-sharp (?), B, and C.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 40 cm (15 3/4 in.)

    Medium

    Boxwood, ivory, silver

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1977.70

    Collections

    Europe, Musical Instruments

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  • Triple flageolet

    1830

    William Bainbridge (English, active 1803–1834 English)

    Description

    In A-flat and G-flat. Conoidal bores. Boxwood, stained light yellow; ivory tips and mouthpiece; silver keys. The fundamental instrument is made in four principal parts; the cap, which serves as an air-chamber for both tubes; the lip-stock with a double bore; two tubes of unequal length. The third tube is attached to the air-chamber cap by a short nipple, the same mouthpiece serving all three tubes. The lip-stock has two lips with wind- cutters and also two keys for the shorter tube stamped 'New C Key,' 'New D Key' (nominal high C and D keys). The shorter tube (left-hand) has six finger-holes and the following keys: low C-sharp, D-sharp, F-natural, high D (the duplicate of one on the lip-stock), and high E. The lower end bore of the longer tube is covered by a cap with a vent hole. It has four finger- holes and five keys; low B-natural (open, D, F-natural, high B-natural, and high C, the last four keys being closed. The third side-tube is made in three parts: a lip-stock with an auxiliary air-chamber, fipple, and wind- cutter; a receptacle tube plugged with a cork at the bottom; a long decorative extension tail-piece screwed into the ivory tip of the receptacle tube at the lower end. There is only one open finger-hole on the receptacle tube marked 'F-natural'; four silver keys, a', b', c'', d''. Some keys hallmarked.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 57.2 cm (22 1/2 in.)

    Medium

    Boxwood, ivory, silver

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1824

    Collections

    Europe, Musical Instruments

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  • Double flageolet

    about 1830

    William Bainbridge (English, active 1803–1834 English)

    Description

    In ?. Conoidal bore. Boxwood with ivory tips and mouthpiece. Made in four principal parts; the cap, which serves as an air-chamber for both tubes; the lip-stock with a double bore; the tubes of equal length. The lip-stock has two lips cut in it; the lip for the right-hand tube can be silenced by a cut- off shutter operated by a key (there is no shutter for the left-hand tube). The left-hand tube has six finger-holes, of which the first one from the top is partially plugged; four brass keys nominally called D-sharp (?), F-natural, and high D. The right-hand tube has four finger-holes; four brass keys, nominally called D-sharp (?), F-natural, B, and speaker (?). The lip-stock has a key for the left-hand tube marked 'C-Key'.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 49.8 cm (19 5/8 in.)

    Medium

    Boxwood, ivory, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1981.769

    Collections

    Europe, Musical Instruments

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  • Double flageolet

    about 1830

    John Simpson (active 1826–1869)

    Description

    Conoidal bores. Boxwood, varnished light yellow; ivory tips and mouthpiece. Made in four principal parts; the cap, which serves as an air-chamber for both tubes; the lip-stock with a double bore; two tubes of equal length. The lip-stock has two lips cut in it; each lip can be silenced by a cut-off shutter operated by a key. The left-hand tube has six fingerholes; four brass keys nominally called C-sharp (open), D-sharp, F-natural, and high D-natural (the last three closed). The right-hand tube has four fingerholes and a vent-hole opposite the C-sharp key. There are four brass keys on the right-hand tube: low C-sharp. Octagonal keys. In A-flat. The lowest tone is a'-flat.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 47.5 cm (18 11/16 in.)

    Medium

    Boxwood, ivory, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1823

    Collections

    Musical Instruments

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  • Double flageolet

    about 1835

    John Simpson (active 1826–1869)

    Description

    In A-flat and in G-flat. Conoidal bore. Boxwood, stained black; ivory tips and mouthpiece. Made in four principal parts; the cap, which serves as an air-chamber for both tubes; the lip-stock with a double bore; two tubes of unequal length. The lip-stock has two lips cut in it; each lip can be silenced by a cut-off shutter operated by a key. The shorter tube has for its lowest tone a'-flat; six finger-holes, of which the first one from the top is partially plugged; four silver keys nominally called C-sharp (open), D-sharp, F-natural, and high D-natural (the last three closed). The longer tube has g'-flat for its lowest tone; four finger-holes; five keys, nominally called B and C keys, F, high B, and C, of which two low keys are open and operated by long articulated levers.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 53.5 cm (21 1/16 in.)

    Medium

    Boxwood, ivory, silver

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1822

    Collections

    Musical Instruments

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  • Flageolet

    about 1830–40

    Meacham & Pond (American, 1828–1860 American)

    Description

    Body of boxwood made in three sections: windcap, head, and main body. Mouthpiece (missing), ferrules at joints, and studs between each fingerhole of ivory. One square key of brass. Seven fingerholes and one thumbhole. In B-flat.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length (missing mouthpiece) 45.8 cm (18 1/16 in.)

    Medium

    Boxwood, ivory, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    2002.181

    Collections

    Americas, Musical Instruments

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  • Flageolet

    1800–50

    Description

    In G; lower chamber pitch (a'=420). Small tapered conoidal bore with a slight flare at the bottom. Boxwood, wax finish; made in two parts. Four finger-holes in front, two thumb-holes in the rear.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 20.6 cm (8 1/8 in.)

    Medium

    Boxwood

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1817

    Collections

    Musical Instruments

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  • Flageolet

    mid-19th century

    Description

    In G; low champer pitch (a'=420). Small tapered conoidal bore with a slight flare at the bottom. Boxwood, painted dark reddish-brown.
    Made in two parts. Four finger-holes in front, two thumb-holes in the rear. D- equals -sharp square brass key mounted on knobs.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 22.3 cm (8 3/4 in.)

    Medium

    Boxwood, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1841

    Collections

    Musical Instruments

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  • Flageolet

    mid-19th century

    Thibouville frère (French, 1st half 19th century French)

    Description

    Small tapered conoidal bore with a slight flare at the bottom. Ebony, with ivory tips and mouthpiece. Made in two parts. Four fingerholes in front, two thumbholes in the rear. In A; lower chamber pitch (a'=420).

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 19.8 cm (7 13/16 in.)

    Medium

    Ebony, ivory

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1819

    Collections

    Europe, Musical Instruments

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  • Flageolet

    mid-19th century

    Thibouville, père et fils (French, 1st half 19th century French)

    Description

    Small tapered conoidal bore, slightly chamfered at the bottom. Rosewood, stained dark reddish-brown. Ivory tips and mouthpiece. Made in two parts. Four finger-holes in front, two thumb-holes in the rear. D-sharp key of silver, round and mounted on knobs. In D; lower chamber pitch (a'=420).

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 26.5 cm (10 7/16 in.)

    Medium

    Rosewood, ivory, silver

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1818

    Collections

    Europe, Musical Instruments

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  • Flageolet

    mid-19th century

    P. L. Gautrot L'aîné (French, 1845–after 1884 French)

    Description

    In G' low chamber pitch (a'=420). Seven German-silver keys. Small taper conoidal bore with a slight flare at the bottom. Ebony, German- silver tips, ivory mouthpiece. Made in four parts: the mouthpiece pipe, the air chamber joint, the lip joint, and the body joint containing the finger- holes. Four finger-holes in front, two thumb-holes in the rear. The keys are D-sharp, F-sharp, G-sharp, B-flat, C-natural, high E-flat, and two shake keys with long levers for a semi-tone and one tone shakes for all the tones, including the cross-fingerings.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 39.3 cm (15 1/2 in.)

    Medium

    Ebony, nickel silver

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1820

    Collections

    Europe, Musical Instruments

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  • Duct flute

    about 1840

    Thomas Prowse, Jr. (English, active 1832–1868 English)

    Description

    A vertical flute in A-flat. Lowest tone is a'. Conoidal bore. Boxwood, varnished yellow-brown; ivory mouthpiece and conoidal finger-guides. Made in three parts: a cap with mouthpiece, head joint with a fipple, flue, and lip, and body-joint. Seven finger-holes in the front, thumb-hole in the rear. Four round brass keys: D-shapr, F-natural, G-sharp, and B-flat.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 47.5 cm (18 11/16 in.)

    Medium

    Boxwood, ivory, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1840

    Collections

    Europe, Musical Instruments

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  • Flûte d'accord

    about 1800

    Friedrich Löhner I (German, 1737–1816 German)

    Description

    In C and in E. Elliptical solid block of wood with broad mouthpiece and two parallel coinoidal bores; maple, varnished dark yellow- brown. Seven double finger-holes in front, double thumb-hole in the rear.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 31.5 cm (12 3/8 in.)

    Medium

    Maple

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1821

    Collections

    Europe, Musical Instruments

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  • Duct flute

    mid-19th century

    George French (English (?), active 1840–1860 English (?))

    Description

    In C. Lowest tone d'. Conoidal bore. Boxwood, varnished light yellow; ivory tips. Made in four parts. Six finger-holes, the F-sharp hole enlarged; square silver key (D-sharp).

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 55.5 cm (21 7/8 in.)

    Medium

    Boxwood, ivory, silver

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1839

    Collections

    Europe, Musical Instruments

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  • Picco pipe

    1850–1900

    Description

    Very slightly tapered conoidal bore with rounded flare at the bottom. Boxwood, wax finish. Two finger-holes in front, one thumb-hole in the rear.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 9.5 cm (3 3/4 in.)

    Medium

    Boxwood

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1810

    Collections

    Musical Instruments

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  • Txirula

    late 19th century

    Description

    In D-flat. The lowest tone is d''-flat. Very slightly tapered conoidal bore. Boxwood, unvarnished. Two large finger-holes in front, thumb- hole in the rear. The tube is cut out at the finger-holes to provide a better grip. The lip is faced with a thin piece of tin.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 31.8 cm (12 1/2 in.)

    Medium

    Boxwood

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1814

    Collections

    Musical Instruments

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  • Tabor pipe

    late 19th century

    Description

    In B-flat. The lowest tone is b'-flat. Very slightly tapered conoidal bore. Boxwood, unvarnished. Two large finger-holes in front, thumb- hole in the rear.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 37 cm (14 9/16 in.)

    Medium

    Boxwood

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1811

    Collections

    Musical Instruments

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  • Double duct flute (dvojnice)

    19th century

    Description

    Bessaraboff - Made out of a solid block of holly-oak. Two slightly divirgent cylindrical bores. The tubes, separated about half-way down by a hole cut through the stock, have a thin connecting rib left at the bottom. Three finger-holes in the left-hand pipe and four finger-holes in the right-hand pipe. Rough burnt-in decorations; the connecting rib has a circular hole. The top end has a wide mouthpiece and two fipples.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 31.3 cm (12 5/16 in.)

    Medium

    Holly

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1826

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    Musical Instruments

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  • Duct flute

    late 19th century

    Description

    One-piece pewter body with cylindrical bore; flageolet-type mouthpiece. Six fingerholes.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 38 cm (14 15/16 in.)

    Medium

    Pewter

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1980.234

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    Musical Instruments

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  • Duct flute

    late 19th century

    Labeled J & H (English, late 19th century? English)

    Description

    In C. Lowest tone d'. Cylindrical bore. Made of drawn brass tubing. Six finger-holes; the fipple is made of lead.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 57 cm (22 7/16 in.)

    Medium

    Brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1838

    Collections

    Europe, Musical Instruments

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  • Duct flute

    1925–50

    Description
    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 28.5 cm (11 1/4 in.)

    Medium

    Wood

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1984.307

    Collections

    Musical Instruments

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  • Duct flute

    1950–75

    Description
    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 33.7 cm (13 1/4 in.)

    Medium

    Wood, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1984.306

    Collections

    Contemporary Art, Musical Instruments

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  • Double duct flute

    1984

    Douglas Deihl (American, born in 1948 American)

    Description
    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 32.5 cm (12 13/16 in.)

    Medium

    Raku-fired ceramic

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1984.308

    Collections

    Americas, Contemporary Art, Musical Instruments

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  • Treble recorder in A (after 18th-century type)

    late 19th century

    Description

    In A. The lowest tone is a'. Conoidal bore. Walnut, stained dark mahogany reddish-brown. Made in three parts: the head, the body, and the foot-joint. Seven finger-holes in front, thumb-hole in the rear.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 37.5 cm (14 3/4 in.)

    Medium

    Walnut

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1738

    Collections

    Musical Instruments

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  • Alto recorder in G (after 16th-century type)

    late 19th century

    Francis William Galpin (English, 1858–1945)

    Description

    In G. Lowest tone g'. Conoidal bore, with slightly flaring bell. The tube is made of one piece of pearwood stained dark brown. Eight holes in front, the lowest one on the left stopped with wax; thumb-hole in the rear.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 44.9 cm (17 11/16 in.)

    Medium

    Pearwood

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1805

    Collections

    Europe, Musical Instruments

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  • Tenor-alto recorder in D (after 16th-century type)

    late 19th century

    Francis William Galpin (English, 1858–1945)

    Description

    In D. Lowest tone d'. Conoidal bore with a slightly flaring bell. The tube is made of pearwood, stained light brown. Eight holes in front, the lowest one on the left stopped with wax; thumb-hole in the rear.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 64 cm (25 3/16 in.)

    Medium

    Pearwood

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1806

    Collections

    Europe, Musical Instruments

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  • Basset recorder in G (after 16th-century type)

    late 19th century

    Probably by Francis William Galpin (English, 1858–1945)

    Description

    In G. The lowest tone is g. Made of walnut stained dark reddish-brown. Conoidal bore without flare at the lower end. The tube is made of one piece. The fipple is covered with a cap having a slit which serves as an air conductor. A perforated fontanelle. The cap and the fontanelle are mounted with brass rings. Six finger-holes in front; the lowest (first) holes is stopped with an articulated key having a double finger-touch lever; the key mechanism is enclosed within the fontanelle; thumb-hole in the rear.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 92.1 cm (36 1/4 in.)

    Medium

    Walnut, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1807

    Collections

    Europe, Musical Instruments

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  • Bass recorder in C (after 16th-century type)

    late 19th century

    Probably by Francis William Galpin (English, 1858–1945)

    Description

    In C. The lowest tone is c. Made of walnut, stained dark reddish brown. The tube is made in two parts, the body and the foot-joint; the cap serves as a receptacle for the S-shaped crook. The perforated fontanelle is on the foot-joint. The cap and fontanelle are mounted with brass rings. Six finger-holes in the front: the lowest (first) hole is stopped with an articulated key having a double finger-touch lever; the key mechanism is enclosed within the fontanelle; an S-shaped crook of brass; thumb-hole in the rear.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length without bocal 133.1 cm (52 3/8 in.)

    Medium

    Walnut, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1808

    Collections

    Europe, Musical Instruments

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  • Bass tabor pipe (after Praetorius, 1619)

    late 19th century

    Probably by Francis William Galpin (English, 1858–1945)

    Description

    In C. The lowest tone is d'' (the second partial tone of the natural scale; the pedal tone is not available). Slightly tapered conoidal bore. Pearwood, unvarnished. Made in two parts; the body and the cap. Two holes in front and thumb-hole in the rear. The bell has slightly flaring bore at the end. A brass crook with a horn mouthpiece.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length without bocal 64.2 cm (24 1/4 in.)

    Medium

    Pearwood, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1812

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    Europe, Musical Instruments

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  • Bass recorder (after Renaissance type)

    1964

    Friedrich von Huene (American, born in 1929 American)

    Description
    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 95.3 cm (37 1/2 in.)

    Medium

    Mahogany, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    64.2375

    Collections

    Americas, Contemporary Art, Musical Instruments

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  • Tenor recorder (after Renaissance type)

    1965

    Friedrich von Huene (American, born in 1929 American)

    Description
    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 74.6 cm (29 3/8 in.)

    Medium

    Maple, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    65.2682

    Collections

    Americas, Contemporary Art, Musical Instruments

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  • Alto recorder (after Renaissance type)

    1968

    Friedrich von Huene (American, born in 1929 American)

    Description
    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 48.9 cm (19 1/4 in.)

    Medium

    Maple

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    68.843

    Collections

    Americas, Contemporary Art, Musical Instruments

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  • Alto recorder (after Johann Christoph Denner, early 18th century)

    1972

    Friedrich von Huene (American, born in 1929 American)

    Description
    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 48.5 cm (19 1/8 in.)

    Medium

    Rosewood, ivory

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1972.1173

    Collections

    Americas, Contemporary Art, Musical Instruments

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