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South Asian Musical Instruments

  • South Asian Musical Instruments - Slide

  • Rattle drum (thod-rnga)

    1900–50

    Description

    Body formed from crowns of two human skulls joined to form hourglass shape. Heads of skin painted dark green. Striking pellets formed from rolled pieces of textile, suspended from cords. Waistband of purple silk, decorated with turquoise, coral, and four brass studs in form of human skulls. Banner of silk in various colors with silk fringe.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length: 15.5 cm, width: 12.5 cm, depth: 13 cm (Length: 6 1/8 in., width: 4 15/16 in., depth: 5 1/8 in.)

    Medium

    Bone, skin, brass, stones, silk

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Membranophones

    Accession Number

    2004.1

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    Musical Instruments

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  • Transverse flute (phred-gling)

    19th century

    Description
    Details

    Dimensions

    Length x diameter: 46.7 x 2.5 cm (18 3/8 x 1 in.)

    Medium

    Cane

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    2010.619

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    Musical Instruments

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  • Duct flute (gling-bu)

    19th century

    Description
    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 39.5 cm, width 2.2 cm (Length 15 9/16 in., width 7/8 in.)

    Medium

    Wood, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1825

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  • Oboe (rgya-gling)

    19th century

    Description

    Turned hardwood body with conical bore. Ferrule at upper end of copper with silver beading and brass-filled engraving. Bell of copper with three brass- plated filigree rings. Seven fingerholes and one thumbhole. Between fingerholes are five silver rings (three more missing), three mounted with torquoise and two with coral. Staple of silver.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 55 cm, width 13.7 cm (Length 21 5/8 in., width 5 3/8 in.)

    Medium

    Wood, copper alloy, semi-precious stones

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1975.27

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  • Shell trumpet (dung-dkar)

    1850–1900

    Description

    Music: Three tones (performed by Darcy Kuronen)

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 23 cm (9 1/16 in.)

    Medium

    Seashell, silver, semiprecious stones

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    2002.613

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  • Trumpet (rkang-gling)

    late 19th century

    Description

    Body of human thigh bone with brass fittings and wrappings. "Bell" covered with stitched skin. Turquoise and coral set in carved brass fittings. Two holes in bell.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 27.7 cm, width 6.5 cm (Length 10 7/8 in., width 2 9/16 in.)

    Medium

    Bone, skin, brass, stones

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1984.283

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  • Trumpet (rkang-gling)

    late 19th century

    Description

    Curved body of copper, terminating in brass dragon's head with turquoise for eyes. Engraved (?) brass mouthpiece and ferrule.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 44.9 cm, width 9.6 cm (Length 17 11/16 in., width 3 3/4 in.)

    Medium

    Copper, brass, stones

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1984.282

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  • Clappers (kath-tala)

    19th century

    Description
    Details

    Dimensions

    Lengths 41.1 cm, widths 4.4 cm, heights 5.3 and 5.7 cm (Lengths 16 3/16 in., widths 1 3/4 in., heights 2 1/16 and 2 1/4 in.)

    Medium

    Wood, iron

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Idiophones

    Accession Number

    2005.206a-b

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  • Pair of drums (tabla and baya)

    about 1980

    Labeled Haribhau Vishwanath, Indian, active late 20th century Indian

    Description

    Baya: Deep hemispherical shell of nickel-plated brass. Head of thick goat skin attached to plaited, four-ply hoop of leather. Upper hoop laced with strip of buffalo hide in V-pattern to lower hoop of leather at base of body. Tabla: Inverted conical shell of brown hardwood with shallow round stem at base. Head of thick goat skin attached to plaited, four-ply hoop of leather. Upper hoop laced with strip of buffalo hide in V-pattern to lower hoop of leather at base of body. Eight cylindrical tuning blocks beneath laces. Tuning hammer of steel. Two padded ring supports wrapped with blue patterned cloth.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Tabla height 26.5 cm, diameter 17.5 cm (Height 10 7/16 in., diameter 6 7/8 in.) Baya height 26 cm, diameter 28 cm (Height 10 1/4 in., diameter 11 in.)

    Medium

    Nickel-plated brass, wood, goatskin

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Membranophones

    Accession Number

    1990.209a-b

    Collections

    Asia , Contemporary Art , Musical Instruments

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  • Duct flute (algoja)

    19th century

    Description
    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 29.5 cm, width 2.1 cm (Length 11 5/8 in., width 13/16 in.)

    Medium

    Cane

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.2177

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  • Duct flute (bansuri)

    about 1950

    Madhu Limaye, Indian, before 1955 Indian

    Description
    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 59.9 cm, width 2.8 cm (Length 23 9/16 in., width 1 1/8 in.)

    Medium

    Bamboo

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1990.212

    Collections

    Asia , Contemporary Art , Musical Instruments

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  • Transverse flute (bansuri)

    about 1955

    Mohan S. Nadkarni, Indian, 1918–1996 Indian

    Description

    Cylindrical body of bamboo with no nodes. Six large fingerholes in distal half, with additional smaller hole near distal end, 90º (towards player) from the line of the fingerholes. Proximal end stopped with cork. Winding of white thread at distal end. Includes a "case" made of a plain bamboo tube, into which the flute fits snugly.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 70 cm, width 2.6 cm (Length 27 9/16 in., width 1 in.)

    Medium

    Bamboo

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1990.211

    Collections

    Asia , Contemporary Art , Musical Instruments

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  • Transverse flute (bansuri)

    about 1955

    Mohan S. Nadkarni, Indian, 1918–1996 Indian

    Description

    Cylindrical body of bamboo with no nodes and six large equally-spaced fingerholes in distal half. Proximal end stopped with cork. Windings of white thread at both ends. Bamboo tube for storage.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 57.1 cm, width 2.3 cm (Length 22 1/2 in., width 7/8 in.)

    Medium

    Bamboo

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1990.208

    Collections

    Asia , Contemporary Art , Musical Instruments

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  • Transverse flute

    before 1930

    Description
    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 54 cm, width 2.7 cm (Length 21 1/4 in., 1 1/16 in.)

    Medium

    Wood

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    1986.601

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  • Double clarinet (pungi)

    19th century

    Description
    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 36.5 cm, diameter 7.5 cm (Length 14 3/8 in., diameter 2 15/16 in.)

    Medium

    Gourd, cane

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1886

    Collections

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  • Oboe (sahnai)

    19th century

    Description
    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 55.2 cm, diameter 9.9 cm (Length 21 3/4 in., diameter 3 7/8 in.)

    Medium

    Wood, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    2005.203

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  • Oboe (ottu)

    19th century

    Description
    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 56.4 cm, diameter 10.4 cm (Length 22 3/16 in., diameter 4 1/8 in.)

    Medium

    Wood, brass, leather

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    2005.213

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  • Zither (gintang) and mallet

    19th century

    Description
    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 55.3 cm, width 6.3 cm (Length 21 3/4 in., width 2 1/2 in.)

    Medium

    Bamboo, wood

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Chordophones

    Accession Number

    17.1782a-b

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  • Zither (rudra vina)

    probably 1970s

    Murari Mohan Adhikari, Indian, 1934–2006 Indian

    Description

    Music: Raga Jounpuri: Alap section of Alap-Jor-Jhala form (performed by Peter Row)

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 121.9 cm, width 45.7 cm, height 45.7 cm (Length 48 in., width 18 in., height 18 in.)

    Medium

    Teakwood, calabash gourds, ivory

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Chordophones

    Accession Number

    2005.591

    Collections

    Asia , Contemporary Art , Musical Instruments

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  • Lute (sgra-snyan)

    19th century

    Description
    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 79.5 cm, width 12.5 cm, depth 9.2 cm (Length 31 5/16 in., width 4 15/16 in., depth 3 5/8 in.)

    Medium

    Wood, animal skin

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Chordophones

    Accession Number

    17.2176

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  • Lute (tambura)

    19th century

    Description
    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 78.9 cm, width 17.1 cm, depth 13.3 cm (Length 31 1/16 in., width 6 3/4 in., depth 5 1/4 in.)

    Medium

    Rosewood, ivory

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Chordophones

    Accession Number

    17.77

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  • Lute (tambura)

    19th century

    Description
    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 114.5 cm, width 31.4 cm, depth 22.7 cm (Length 45 1/16 in., width 12 3/8 in., depth 8 15/16 in.)

    Medium

    Wood

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Chordophones

    Accession Number

    1985.724

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  • Lute (tambura)

    19th century

    Description

    Hemispherical body of calabash gourd. Neck and slightly arched soundtable of toonwood? Soundtable painted at center with gold-colored crossed scimitars above crescent moon. End of peg area covered with plate of ivory, painted with gold-colored flower and leaves. Shoulder of body, edges of neck, and heads of tuning pegs intricately decorated with foliate-shaped pieces of ivory set in black mastic. Four strings attached to string holder of ivory at lower end of body and to tuning pegs of hardwood with round heads. Four egg-shaped tuning beads of chalcedony. Bridge, nut, and string guider of ivory.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 135 cm, width 40.5 cm, depth 31.5 cm (Length 53 1/8 in., width 15 15/16 in., depth 39 in.)

    Medium

    Tun wood, calabash gourd, ivory

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Chordophones

    Accession Number

    1992.259

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  • Lute (sarasvati vina)

    19th century

    Description

    Hemispherical jackfruit wood body with integral neck and flat belly. Inlaid ivory in foliate design flanked by two carved mother-of-pearl flowers, at upper end of belly. Ivory strips with incised floral decoration along upper edges of body and neck, and outer edges of belly. Silver plaque with chased foliate decoration and two lions rampant, screwed to end of body. Large gourd with silver ferrule at top with chased foliate decoration, attached to neck with threaded iron bolt and nut. Pegbox terminates in carved dragon head with ivory eyes and teeth. Four bilateral turned wood tuning pegs, with ivory heads, in pegbox. Three later lateral turned wood tuning pegs, with white painted heads, in bass side of neck. Twenty-four cylindrical brass frets set in mixture of wax and lamp-black along raised ledges atop neck. Areas inside pegbox and below frets painted red. Brass nut and string holder. Carved and incised ivory bench-shaped bridge with brass cap on top and arc for side strings.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 110 cm, width 29 cm, depth 30 cm (Length 43 5/16 in., 11 7/16 in., depth 11 13/16 in.)

    Medium

    Jackfruit wood, gourd, silver, ivory

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Chordophones

    Accession Number

    1995.86

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  • Lute (sitar)

    early 20th century

    Description

    Hemispherical body of calabash gourd, decorated with foliate designs in red, green, and gold paint. Neck and slightly arched soundtable of toonwood? Edges of body and neck, and front of peg area intricately decorated with foliate-shaped pieces of ivory (or possibly bone) set in black mastic. Five main strings and eleven sympathetic strings attached to three buttons of ivory at lower end of body and to tuning pegs of ivory with elaborately carved heads (main strings) and ebony with double-lobed heads (sympathetic strings). Sixteen frets of brass with bindings of gut. Bridges, nut, and string guider of ivory.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 118 cm, width 28 cm, depth 22 cm (Length 46 7/16 in., width 11 in., depth 8 11/16 in.)

    Medium

    Tun wood, gourd, ivory

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Chordophones

    Accession Number

    1971.84

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  • Fiddle (sindhi sarangi)

    19th century

    Description
    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 54.8 cm, width 14.6 cm, depth 9.7 cm (Length 21 9/16 in., width 5 3/4 in., depth 3 13/16 in.)

    Medium

    Painted wood, goatskin

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Chordophones

    Accession Number

    1985.725

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  • Fiddle (sarangi) and bow

    19th century

    Description

    Music: Multani ("Afternoon Raga"), Traditional (performed by Ramesh Misra on a sarangi made in Uttar Pradesh, about 1850)

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 53.9 cm, width 15.8 cm, depth 12.7 cm (Length 21 1/14 in., width 6 1/4 in., depth 5 in.)

    Medium

    Tun wood, goatskin

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Chordophones

    Accession Number

    2005.205a-b

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  • Fiddle (cikârâ)

    before 1890

    Description
    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 55.5 cm, width 13.2 cm, depth 8.7 cm (Length 21 7/8 in., width 5 3/16 in., depth 3 7/16 in.)

    Medium

    Wood, animal skin

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Chordophones

    Accession Number

    1981.758

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  • Fiddle

    19th century

    Description
    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 51 cm, width 8.2 cm, depth 6.1 cm (Length 20 1/16 in., width 3 1/4 in., depth 2 3/8 in.)

    Medium

    Wood

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Chordophones

    Accession Number

    17.1704

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  • Fiddle (esraj) and bow

    19th century

    Description
    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 94.2 cm, width 16.2 cm, depth 12.2 cm (Length 37 1/16 in., width 6 3/8 in., depth 4 13/16 in.)

    Medium

    Wood, animal skin

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Chordophones

    Accession Number

    17.2175a-b

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  • Fiddle (mayuri)

    before 1890

    Description
    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 94.5 cm, width 15.5 cm, depth 27.8 cm (Length 37 3/16 in., width 6 1/8 in., depth 10 15/16 in.)

    Medium

    Painted wood, goatskin

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Chordophones

    Accession Number

    1981.759

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  • Fiddle (mayuri)

    about 1800

    Description
    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 95.6 cm, width 17.8 cm, depth 10.2 cm (Length 37 5/8 in., width 7 in., depth 4 in.)

    Medium

    Painted wood, goatskin, peacock feathers

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Chordophones

    Accession Number

    1983.411

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  • Pair of ankle rattles (ghungru)

    19th century

    Description

    Thirty-five spherical cast-brass bells with iron petals inside and loop at top. Strung together on strands of twisted copper wire.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Diameter 10 cm, thickness 2 cm (Diameter 3 15/16 in., thickness 13/16 in.)

    Medium

    Brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Idiophones

    Accession Number

    17.2171a-b

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  • Frame rattle (panteruva)

    19th century

    Description

    Circular rim of tin with edges rolled over; ends lapped and soldered. Five oval cut-outs in rim with posts of tin soldered to inside surface, each with two slightly domed discs of tin sandwiching two flat discs of tin. Two bells of cast brass attached to inside of rim by wire. Handle of tin soldered to outside of rim.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Overall length 28.2 cm, diameter 22.9 cm, height 6.7 cm (Overall length 11 1/8 in., diameter 9 in., height 2 5/8 in.)

    Medium

    Tin

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Idiophones

    Accession Number

    17.2173

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  • Frame drum (banku-raban)

    19th century

    Description

    Cylindrical shell of jak wood (?) tapered toward bottom. Single skin head stretched over upper end, held in place by band of skin with small iron tacks through it. Eight additional large copper tacks through triangular tabs of skin, which alternate large and small.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Height 17.6 cm, diameter 50.5 cm (Height 6 15/16 in., diameter 19 7/8 in.)

    Medium

    Jak wood, leather

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Membranophones

    Accession Number

    17.1740

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  • Frame drum (tamil)

    19th century

    Description

    Shallow rim of iron, wrapped entirely with strands of hemp (?). Single skin head glued on, just overlapping lower edge.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Height 3.4 cm, diameter 29.8 cm (Height 1 5/16 in., diameter 11 3/4 in.)

    Medium

    Iron, animal skin

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Membranophones

    Accession Number

    17.2174

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  • Hourglass drum (udäkki)

    19th century

    Description
    Details

    Dimensions

    Height 16.5 cm, diameter 17 cm (Height 6 1/2 in., diameter 6 11/16 in.)

    Medium

    Jak wood, animal skin

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Membranophones

    Accession Number

    17.2172

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  • Shell trumpet (sak)

    19th century

    Description

    Music: Three tones (performed by Darcy Kuronen)

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 15.1 cm, width 10.3 cm (Length 5 15/16 in., width 4 1/16 in.)

    Medium

    Seashell

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.2170

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  • Fiddle and bow

    19th century

    Description
    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 64.7 cm, width 13.4 cm, depth 12 cm (Length 25 1/2 in., width 5 1/4 in., depth 4 3/4 in.)

    Medium

    Wood, snakeskin

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Chordophones

    Accession Number

    17.2168a-b

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  • Fiddle

    19th century

    Description

    Hemispherical body of gourd with belly of reptile skin tacked on with band of red cloth around perimeter. Body pierced by neck of black painted wood, terminating in hook shape above pegbox. Four lateral tuning pegs of wood, painted black. Later copper strings tied to bulbous peg piercing lower end of neck spike. Later flat bridge of wood painted black.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 87.6 cm, width 16.5 cm, depth 12.3 cm (Length 34 1/2 in., width 6 1/2 in., depth 4 13/16 in.)

    Medium

    Wood, snakeskin

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Chordophones

    Accession Number

    17.2169

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